All things considered to be alive have what characteristics in common?

 Make a list of reasons why you think the
following organisms are considered “alive”.  Group that comes the closest wins…

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

8 characteristics of living things Have cells and DNA Reproduce Grow and Develop Use energy Have a need for materials and energy Respond to environment Maintain internal balance Evolve over time as a species .

Have cells and DNA  Unicellular  Multi-cellular .1.

1. HAVE CELLS AND DNA  Multi-cellular: cells differentiate from a single fertilized egg cell. and they just “know” to become a heart.  Uni-cellular : one celled organism (amoeba or bacteria)  Both above have DNA ( the genetic code: which is why we look like our parents) . leg etc.

.

.

Multi-cellular start off a single cell… .

All living things reproduce  There are 2 ways in which this can be done… .2.

Types of reproduction .

All living things Reproduce  There are 2 types of reproduction:  Asexual : 1 parent (budding) .identical  bacteria  Sexual: 2 parents  cats  people .2.

Living things grow and develop  What is the difference between the 2 words? .3.

.

they just increase in size  People – develop … they increase in size and their bodily functions change over time….Growth and Development  Bacteria.grow.until they become an adult  ex) puberty… .

Living things use energy to ……grow/develop/reproduce .4.

break down  Slow metabolism – store for later .Living things use energy to grow/develop/reproduce… or just stay alive  Where do we get energy from?  Metabolism: combination of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up and breaks down materials (will release energy) as it carries out life processes  Fast metabolism.

Where are they getting energy from? .

How obtain energy?  Plants: From the sun’s energy “photosynthesis”  Lion: From eating other organisms “herbivore. carnivore”  Mushroom: From the remains of dead organisms (decomposers) .

Living things respond to stimuli  http://www.html .6.fotosearch.com/videofootage/time-lapse-flower_2.

.

signal to which an organism responds  Response.6. Respond to stimulus  Stimulus.ex.(what they do because of the signal)  Internal stimulus.) sugar levels drop? …then you feel hungry  External: ex.) flower leans toward the window in a classroom .

Practice Stimulus and Response  My niece kicked me in the shin and I screamed  I slammed the door and the class jumped  I turned the light on and the mouse ran under the table  I placed my hand on the hot stove and I yanked it back and yelped .

7. Maintain internal balance .

6 F.. Should be kept constant. This is homeostasis  Ex) temperature 98. water content. etc  Ex of how it happens?  Shivering/sweating  Thirst/feeling of fullness .7. Maintain internal balance  External: conditions may vary widely  But internal….

Evolve over time … .

8.000’s of millions of years…changes can be dramatic within a species…  ex) pre-historic horse was the size of a Barbie doll horse . Evolve over time :Evolution  100.