•“YOUTH” in relation to the Youth Criminal Justice Act is defined as a person •who is 16 years of age. . but under19 years of age. Youth is a more fluid category than a fixed age-group.WHAT DO WE MEAN BY “YOUTH”? •“YOUTH” is best understood as a period of transition from the dependence of •Childhood to adulthood’s independence and awareness of our interdependence • as members of a community.

1965. . MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING AND RESPECT AMONG PEOPLE”  The DECLARATION appeals to states to see to it that young people shall be brought up in the spirit of PEACE.  The United Nations General Assembly(UNGS) took cognizance of the situation of the group(between 15-24 years of age) and adopted measures for their protection by adopting the December 7. They are usually in school campuses. MUTUAL RESPECT AND UNDERSTANDING in order to promote equal rights for all human beings and nations. “the DECLARATION ON THE PROMOTION AMONG YOUTH ON THE IDEALS OF PEACE.FREEDOM. form militant organization to express and pursue their ideas and become restless if changes in the social structures are not achieved according to their demands.YOUTH SECTOR The youth of the country are usually imbued idealism and vision for a change.

liberty and international solidarity) •The youth should be engaged to form organizations in accordance with • the principles of freedom (that may promote the free exchange of ideas in the spirit of the people embodied in the Declaration) .•THE DECLARATION STATES THAT : •The youth are entitled by all means of education (so that they may foster among them the ideals of peace. humanity.

FOUR GROUPS OF YOUTH SECTOR •The in-school youth •The out-of-school youth •Working youth •Special youth •THE IN-SCHOOL YOUTH •those attending normal schools or non-formal schools with educational programs •THE OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH •They are usually unemployed. •This OSY seek alternative means to provide their basic needs some of whom resort to unlawful means •Being un skilled for job employment. they become victims of illegal placement agencies . belonging to families who cannot afford of have neglected to send them to schools.

RIGHTS OF THE YOUTH The Philippine Constitution states. Usually not aware of their rights they are vulnerable to exploitation by their employees. They are generally victims of discrimination. moral.• • THE WORKING YOUTH Most of whom are unskilled. II. and social well-being. It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and nationalism. THE SPECIAL YOUTH They are the boys and girls from the indigenous people.” (Art. 13) • • • . and encourage their involvement in public and civic affairs. Sec. intellectual . Mostly unschooled. they are subject to all forms of exploitations and abuses. spiritual. that: “The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building and shall promote and protect their physical.

7796(THE TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND SKILLS DEVELOPMENT ACT •RA No. 6655(FREE HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION) .•Legislative measures have been enacted to pursue the aforesaid state policy. namely: •RA No. 7722(THE HIGHER EDUCATION ACT) •RA No. 8044(YOUTH IN NATION BUILDING ACT) •RA No.

. GENERAL PRINCIPLES Article 1.All children shall be entitled to the rights herein set forth without distinction as to legitimacy or illegitimacy. Art. social status. Hence. 603) TITLE I. The child is not a mere creature of the State. . his individual traits and aptitudes should be cultivated to the utmost insofar as they do not conflict with the general welfare. 3. every member of the family should strive to make the home a wholesome and harmonious place as its atmosphere and conditions will greatly influence the child's development. Rights of the Child. . The molding of the character of the child start at the home. religion. political antecedents. Declaration of Policy. sex. Consequently. Every effort should be exerted to promote his welfare and enhance his opportunities For a useful and happy life. and other factors.The JUVENILE JUSTICE Child is one of the most important assets of the nation.THE CHILD AND YOUTH WELFARE CODE (PD No.

development. particularly when his parents or guardians fail or are unable to provide him with his fundamental needs for growth. and universal brotherhood.(8) Every child has the right to protection against exploitation. hazards. . and protection of the State. and other conditions or circumstances prejudicial to his physical. and improvement. and with the determination to contribute his share in the building of a better world. understanding. improper influences. tolerance. mental. emotional. social and moral development (10) Every child has the right to the care. (12) Every child has the right to grow up as a free individual. assistance. in an atmosphere of peace.