which can occur in offshore. whereas the actual landslide often requires a trigger  . coastal and onshore environments  Although the action of gravity is the primary driving force for a landslide to occur.A landslide is a geological phenomenon which includes a wide range of ground movement. there are other contributing factors affecting the original slope stability. deep failure of slopes and shallow debris flows. such as rockfalls. pre-conditional factors build up specific sub-surface conditions that make the area/slope prone to failure.  Typically.


after a wildfire) erosion of the toe of a slope by rivers or ocean waves     weakening of a slope through saturation by snowmelt. glaciers melting. A change in the stability of a slope can be caused by a number of factors. and soil structure (e.Causes  Landslides occur when the stability of a slope changes from a stable to an unstable condition. Natural causes of landslides include: groundwater (porewater) pressure acting to destabilize the slope Loss or absence of vertical vegetative structure.g. or heavy rains earthquakes adding loads to barely stable slope  . acting together or alone. soil nutrients.

or which imposes new loads on an existing slope  in shallow soils. which destabilize the already fragile slopes  vibrations from machinery or traffic  earthwork which alters the shape of a slope. cultivation and constru ction. Human causes include:  deforestation. .Landslides are aggravated by human activities. agricultural or forestry activities (logging) which change the amount of water which infiltrates the soil. the removal of deeprooted vegetation that binds colluvium to bedrock  Construction.

Types Debris Flow  Earth Flow  Debris Avalanche  Sturzstorm  Shallow Landslide  Deep Seated Landslide  .

a "domino effect" may be created   Amboori debris flow. The resulting slurry of rock and mud may pick up trees. Muddy-debris flows can start as a result of slope-related factors and shallow landslides can dam stream beds. but they are entirely different processes. .Debris Flow  Slope material that becomes saturated with water may develop into a debris flow or mud flow. India. houses and cars. As the impoundments fail. resulting in temporary water blockage. The event killed 39 people. occurred on 9 November 2001 in Kerala. Debris flow is often mistaken for flash flood. thus blocking bridges and tributaries causing flooding alon g its path. Muddy-debris flows in alpine areas cause severe damage to structures and infrastructure and often claim human lives.


due to heavy rains in Vargas State. 1999. on 29 April 1903 Khait landslide. Soviet Union. 1979. 1949 Monte Toc landslide (260 millions cubic metres) falling into the Vajont Dam basin in Italy. on December. destroyed hostel. China on August 8. causing tens of thousands of deaths. an ongoing landslide in San Mateo County. on July 10. The 1979 Abbotsford landslip. Val Pola landslide during Valtellina disaster (1987) Italy Thredbo landslide. 1963 Hope Slide landslide (46 million cubic metres) near Hope. Australia on 30 July 1997. causing a megatsunami and about 2000 deaths. 2011. Khait. on October 9. 2008. Vargas mudslides. Zhouqu county mudslide in Gansu. California              2011 Rio de Janeiro landslide in Rio de Janeiro. Tajikistan. on June 11. Devil's Slide. 1977. causing 610 . 2010. Brazil on January 11. The 2010 Uganda landslide caused over 100 deaths following heavy rain in Bududa region. 2007 Chittagong mudslide. Bangladesh. British Columbia on January 9. 1965. Dunedin. Sweden on November 30. 1806 The Cap Diamant Québec rockslide on September 19. 1889 Frank Slide. Venezuela. Alberta.Historical Landslides      The Goldau on September 2. in Chittagong. 2007. Canada. New Zealand on August 8. Turtle Mountain. The 1966 Aberfan disaster Tuve landslide in Gothenburg. 2008 Cairo landslide on September 6.


Both Venus and Mars have been subject to long-term mapping by orbiting satellites.Extraterrestrial landslides  Evidence of past landslides has been detected on many bodies in the solar system. . but since most observations are made by probes that only observe for a limited time and most bodies in the solar system appear to be geologically inactive not many landslides are known to have happened in recent times. and examples of landslides have been observed on both.

Thank You Made By Anmol  Chaitanya  Fairoze  Aravind  .

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