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Ghina Srouji

Outline

Definition Axiom-theorem

Structure Creative discipline Mathematical truth Applied Mathematics

Sciences

Natural

Formal

Human

Bi o

lo

gy

ics s hy P

Histo ry

yc Ps

ol h

gy o

Chemistry

Mathematics

What is mathematics ?!

Science of structure, order and relation Science dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement A science of relation Set of tools for solving practical and technical problems A game for intellectual construction

**What do thinkers say about mathematics !
**

“Nature is written in the language of mathematics” Galileo “Mathematics is the music of the spheres” Pythagoras “The world is made up of numbers” Pythagoras

**Axiom-theorem Structure
**

The foundation of mathematics is : AXIOMS ( = collection of fundamental laws)

Formal systems of knowledge Define Axioms Rules of Inferences Create Theorems

Create mathematical knowledge

Mathematical truth

Mathematics does not seek truth, but it does seek coherence.

Creative Discipline !

It

**is a discipline that requires the least effort because it relies on little preliminary knowledge. It is evolving:
**

Hands on: Pythagoras theorem, parabolas, hyperbolas, ellipses

Applied Mathematics

Tunnel of Samos

The rocket Ariane

**What could be new !!!
**

Iteration

Mathematics Computers

1) Numerical : application : Finding Roots 2) Geometric = Fractals

Mathematics

* Seirpinski triangle http://math.bu.edu//DYSYS/applets/chaos-ga * Julia Set http://math.bu.edu//DYSYS/applets

**Why do we ALL learn mathematics?
**

Why

do we learn literature? Isn’t it enough to read and write ! Why do we learn biology? history? music? geology?

**Mathematics, what for ?!
**

Helps researchers of all kinds and in all the domains to understand our world and how it functions

**( engineers, biologists, ecologists, …)
**

Helps citizens in their everyday life

Mathematics offers us another world, above our natural world.

In fact, our world is very complex whereas the mathematical world seems to be better structured. In order to do this, we should let go of the complicated rules of our real world and join the coherent rules of the math world.

Mathemagics

It

is a rather fantastic and exciting privilege of the science of mathematics that everything that was once thought of and proven still retains its worth intact. theories are for all time

Mathematical

Finally

**“ when the imagination is confounded with intelligence, isn’t it mathematics?
**

Albert Camus

Mathematics honors the human mind

**Mathematics: an introduction to abstraction!
**

"Let

**no one who is not a geometer enter".
**

Academy

- Written on the door of Plato’s

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