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GOOD NEIGHBOR POLICY

MINH-THY HO PERIOD 7

BACKGROUND
The Good Neighbor Policy was coined by President Hoover when he gave a speech in Honduras announcing that the U.S. had a desire to maintain cordial relations and be good neighbors. The intention of the new policy was to mend relations with Latin American countries after they criticized The Coolidge Administration during the Sixth Pan-American Conference in Havana in 1928 for armed interventions in Haiti and Nicaragua

PRESIDENT FDR
In his inaugural address, FDR promised to improve relations with Latin America by stating, In the field of world policy, I dedicate this nation to the policy of the good neighbor the neighbor who resolutely respects himself and, because he does so, respects the rights of others. He assigned Cordell Hull, his Secretary of State, to carry out his vision of this policy, which was to improve the ties between the two nations. In addition, the policy sought to secure Latin American cooperation in the world war effort by maintaining the flow of petroleum and other raw materials.

HULLS POLICIES
It improved the economies of the Latin American countries that had been hurt by the Smoot-Hawley Tariff The Panama Canal Treaty was renegotiated Hull convened the Seventh Montevideo-Pan-American Conference in 1933 in Uruguay, where he committed to a policy of non-intervention into the affairs of Latin American countries. As evidence of his commitment, U.S. Marines were removed from Haiti in 1934 and Congress signed a treaty with Cuba nullifying the 1903 Platt Amendment, which authorized United States occupation of that country. Hull managed to obtain a resolution reasserting a united front against possible Axis aggression against American nations during the war, even though most Latin American countries at the time were ruled by generals who admired European fascism, at the Eight Pan-American Conference.

CORDELL HULL

END OF THE GOOD NEIGHBOR POLICY


The era of the Good Neighbor Policy ended with the threat of the Cold War.
The Cold War forced a change in policy as Americans felt there was a greater need to protect the western hemisphere from the Soviet threat, in other words, communism.

With the election of WWII hero and Republican Dwight Eisenhower, the dismantling of the Democrats (FDR) Good Neighbor policy begins.
Eisenhower and Nixon did not like the liberal ideals associated with the Good Neighbor policy of FDR.

US intervention in Guatemala in 1954 effectively ends the Good Neighbor Policy. Cynicism toward internal reforms in Latin America and distrust of supposed communist subversion.