Comparative study of ASEAN ports

Group 6A

ASEAN
• • • • Association of South-East Asian Nations Geo-political and economic organization of 10 countries located in Southeast Asia Formed on 8 August 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand Membership has expanded to include Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam • Statistics – Indonesia has 42% of the total land area, 39.1% of total population among ASEAN nations – Singapore has the highest per capita income at US $ 50,347 followed closely by Brunei Darussalam at US $ 50, 234 – Singapore leads the pack with nearly 27% of the ASEAN region exports followed by Malaysia at 22.12%

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ASEAN

Regional shares of full containers

Source:www.unescap.org/ttdw/Publications

Container throughput forecast per country by 2015

Singapore
• Rise of Port of Singapore • Geographic Location • Status as a free port • Commercial Policy of Govt. • 7 FTA’s and 6 bilateral shipping agreements (BSAs) give Singapore outstanding access to all the key markets within the region and around the world World's busiest port in terms of shipping tonnage 29 mn TEU handled in 2008 4 terminals Tanjong Pagar, Keppel, Brani, Pasir Panjang serve 200 shipping lines

• • •

Source: www.internationalpsa.com/factsheet/singapore.html

Indonesia
• • Indonesia has around one hundred ports of which port of Jakarta is the largest The Port of Jakarta has 20 terminals: general cargo, multipurpose terminal, scraps terminal, passenger terminal, dry bulk terminal, liquid bulk terminal, oil terminal, chemicals terminal and three container terminals, 76 berths, a quay length of 16,853 metres, a total storage area of 661,822 m2 and a storage capacity of 401,468 tonnes.

Source: www.worldportsource.com

Malaysia
• • • Only export gateway for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), one of Malaysia’s major exports Dedicated ultra modern deep sea container port for handling LNG Possesses Vessel Traffic Surveillance System (VTS) - crucial in monitoring, controlling and navigating vessels safely in the port water limits

Sources: www.aseanports.com http://www.bintuluport.com.my/

Brunei
• • • • • • Strategic Geological Location Deep Port Big Hinterland Good Shipping Frequency Efficient Service Efficient Customs Procedures

Source: www.worldportsource.com

Comparison of Major Ports

General Information
Indonesia Shipment Coordination Inside the Port Direct Personal Contact + Electronic Messaging Bill of Lading Custom's Clearance Means for Document Receipt/ Transmittal Pilotage fees EDI Capable Information on Real-time Paper docs Fax Per ship basis Mostly No Mostly Yes Per hour basis Yes Yes Singapore Direct Personal Contact + Electronic Messaging Bill of Lading Custom's Clearance Fax and EDI / Internet

Transport Services
Indonesia Guaranteed Service Response Time of Haulers a. Actual Response Time b. Required Response Time of Client 16 hrs NA Singapore

Docs for cargo clearance

24 hrs

NA

Types of Haulers

Merchant Hauler Carrier Hauler

Merchant Hauler

Inland Waterway Transport Available ?

Mostly No

No

*Source: Survey Matrix on Logistics Mgmt as of July09, from www.aseanports.com

Berth Facilities
Indonesia First-comefirst-serve Singapore Window system

Warehouse/Storage in Port
Indonesia Refrigerated Types of Cargo Accommodated in the Warehouse Haulers' Have Difficulty in Meeting the Deadline ? Average Dwell Time of Cargo (in hours) Containerized Bulk Break bulk Singapore Refrigerated Containerized Bulk

Policy on Berth Allocation Berth Allocation Small ports have fixed assignments Are there preferential berth policy ? Average Vessel Calls / Month

No`

No

Yes 214 (smallest port) - 4500 (largest port) 200 - 5000m (variation from smallest to largest)

No

a. Non-Containerized b. Containerized % of Cargoes Stripped/Stuffed at: a. Cargo Owner's Premises b. Distriparks c. Port Warehouse/Storage

48-144 48-144

336 96

1800

80-90% 0-10% 10-20% 100%

Average Vessel Size (GRT)

2,500 TEUs

Collection of Custom Duties
Indonesia Percent of Cargoes Subject to Custom's Duties and Inspection Custom's Require Pre-Collection or Advance Deposit for Duties ? Singapore Indonesia Import Entry Internal Revenue Declaration Clearance from govt agency Custom's Import Documentary Requirements Invoice/ Packing list Singapore Import Entry Internal Revenue Declaration Authority to Import Commercial invoice and Packing list Clearance from govt agency Import certificate

Mostly 100%

100%

Yes Commodity Clearance from govt Invoice/ Packing list

NA Bill of Lading Invoice/ Packing list Export Certificate

Bill of Lading Delivery order Cargo manifest Import certificate

Custom's Export Documentary Requirements

Shipping Note Cargo manifest Export certificate Delivery order

Rest of the ASEAN Ports

General Information
Brunei Shipment Coordinatio n Inside the Port Docs for cargo clearance Means for Document Receipt/Tra nsmittal EDI Capable Information on Realtime Not much importance to Electronic Messaging Bill of Lading Cambodia Direct Personal Contact + Electronic Messaging Bill of Lading Myanmar Direct Personal Contact + Electronic Messaging Bill of Lading Philippines Direct Personal Contact + Electronic Messaging Bill of Lading Custom's Clearance Paper docs Fax Yes Paper docs Fax and EDI / Internet No Paper docs Fax and EDI / Internet Yes Paper docs Fax and EDI / Internet Mostly Yes Thailand Direct Personal Contact + Electronic Messaging Bill of Lading Custom's Clearance Paper docs Fax and EDI / Internet Yes Paper docs Fax and EDI / Internet Yes Vietnam Direct Personal Contact + Electronic Messaging Bill of Lading

Yes

Yes

Unsure

Mostly Yes

Yes

Yes

Berth Allocation
Brunei Firstcomefirstserve Cambodia Myanmar Philippines Thailand Vietnam

Policy on Berth Allocation

First-comefirst-serve

First-comefirst-serve Fixed assignments

First-comefirst-serve

First-comefirst-serve

First-comefirst-serve

Are there preferential berth policy ? Average Vessel Calls / Month Average Vessel Size (GRT)

No

Yes

Yes

Mostly Yes 170 (for Manila international) 165 meters LOA (for Manila international)

Yes

No

39

62 140 meters - LOA

30

300

167

160 m

130 meters

400 Feet

7800m

Warehousing / Storage in Port
Brunei Bulk Types of Cargo Accommodated in the Warehouse Haulers' Have Difficulty in Meeting the Deadline ? Average Dwell Time of Cargo (in hours) a. NonContainerized b. Containerized % of Cargoes Stripped/Stuffed : a. Cargo Owner's Premises b. Distriparks c. Port Warehouse NA NA NA 80% 20% 0 50% 50% 0 80-95% 5-17% 0-3% 60% 20% 20% NA NA NA NA 64 72 120 72 96 240 120 240 120 360 168 Cambodia Containerized Myanmar
Containerized

Philippines Refrigerated
Containerized

Thailand
Containerized

Vietnam Refrigerated Bulk

Break bulk

Break bulk

Bulk Rolling cargo

No

Yes

NA

No

Yes

NA

Transport Services
Brunei Guaranteed Service Response Time of Haulers a. Actual Response Time b. Required Response Time of Client NA NA Carrier hauler 5-7 Hrs 1-2 Hrs Merchant Hauler within 24 Hrs within 24 Hrs Others 30-40 mins 30-40 mins Merchant Hauler Carrier Hauler Inland Waterway Transport Available ? No Yes Yes Yes for some 40 mins NA Merchant Hauler Carrier Hauler No NA NA Merchant Hauler Carrier Hauler Yes Cambodia Myanmar Philippines Thailand Vietnam

Types of Haulers

Collection of Custom Duties
Brunei Percent of Cargoes Subject to Custom's Duties and Inspection Custom's Require Pre-Collection or Advance Deposit for Duties ? Cambodia Myanmar Philippines Thailand Vietnam

100%

100%

100%

Mostly 100%

100%

100%

NA Shipping Note Cargo manifest

Yes NA

No Invoice/ Packing list Shipping Note Export certificate Shipping instructions

Yes Tally Sheet Invoice/ Packing list Admission Permit

Yes NA

NA Bill of Lading Authority to Load Invoice/ Packing list Invoice/ Packing list

Custom's Export Documentary Requirements

Bill of Lading

Collection of Custom Duties
Brunei Cambodia Myanmar Import Entry Internal Revenue Declaration Bill of Lading Invoice/ Packing list Delivery order Insurance Import certificate Philippines Thailand Vietnam Import Entry Internal Revenue Declaration Commercial invoice and Packing list

Bill of Lading Delivery order

NA

Bill of Lading

Bill of Lading Clearance from govt agency Invoice/ Packing list

Custom's Import Documentary Requirements

Tally Sheet Invoice/ Packing list Admission Permit

Bill of Lading Release Clearance Invoice/ Packing list

Total ships handled

Total cargo handled (in metric tonnes)

Thank You!

Group 6A: Adity Kaushal Agus Sahyadan Purba Mazumdar Gopal Rathnam Sushant Karol