AUTOMOBlLE ENGlNEERlNG

TYRES
V.VAIGUNDAVASAN(07ME62)
M.S.VIJAY KUMAR(07ME65)
D. KATHIRAVAN(08LME01)
OUTLlNE

TYRES ???

PURPOSE

REQUlREMENTS

CLASSlFlCATlON

TYRE SlZE MARKlNG
TYRES ???

The assembly of tyre and tube with air is
the cushion element.

This assembly is mounted over the wheel
rim.

The air inside the tube carries the entire
load and provides the cushion.
PURPOSE OF TYRES

Support the vehicle load.

Provide cushion against shocks.

Transmit driving and braking forces
effectively to the road.

Provide cornering power for smooth
steering.
REQUlREMENT OF TYRES

lt should be able to carry the whole of the
vehicle.

Should not develop skidding even on wet
roads.

Must have low rolling resistance.

Tyre noise should be minimum.

Avoid wheel wobble.

Durability ÷ good abrasion resistance.
TYPES OF TYRES

Tyres may be divided as
l. Solid tyres 2. Pneumatic
tyres
Types of pneumatic tyres:
l. Tube tyres 2. Tubeless tyres
TUBE TYRES
TUBELESS TYRES vs TUBED TYRES
TYPES OF CARCASS PLY
BIAS PLY:
• Plies placed one over
the other such that
cords make an angle of
40-50 degrees w.r.t
each other.
• Can resist stresses
caused due to sudden
acceleration, cornering
and braking.
RADIAL PLIES:
• Ply cords are
arranged in the
direction of the tyre
axis.
COMPARlSlON BETWEEN BlAS PLY
AND RADlAL PLY

Belted plies run with less resistance and hence less
power is used.

Radial tyres wear more slowly than bias-ply tyres.

ln radial tyres, Less heat is built up on the highway.
BELTED RADlAL TYRE lS RECOMMENDED AS THE
SUPERlOR TYRE
TYRE SPEClFlCATlONS
Q
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