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Vocational Training & Technical Education in France

Some words about France

Population structure by age in 2005 and projections for 2030 (%)

Population: 60,656,178 (July 2005 est.)

Growth rate in France and the EU-27, for 1998, 2000 and 2005-09 (% change against the previous year)

The outcomes of the Vocational Training and Technical Education history in France Secteurs conomiques

Fin Novembre 08, on comptait 2.068.500 chmeurs dans l'Hexagone. Ensemble doffres demploi au mme mois 241 476

Training unemployed people so that they can make a fresh start; developing alternative skills and opportunities in areas hit by job losses; taking the fight against illiteracy into the workplace; promoting vocational training for senior citizens all these things could come under the heading of either employment or vocational training policy. There is no clear-cut division between the two, but what is very clear to me is this: an effective vocational training system is, in terms of both quantity and quality, the key to job creation.
From an address by Nicolas Sarkozy, President of the French Republic, Melun, 16 May 2008

The outcomes of the Vocational Training and Technical Education history in France
1791 Abolition of corporations 1870 Evening courses; workplace schools 1879 With Republicans compulsory schooling development of technical schools 1919 Creation of level V diploma CAP 1925 Apprenticeship tax 1944 Public Vocational Education Institutes created by UIMM 1945- Setting up by the Ministry of Labor and social partners of the Accelerated Vocational Training Centres (FPA VTCs). 1949- Institute by the Ministry of Labor of the Association of Vocational Training for Adults (AFPA). 1959- Law on social promotion by permanent training for professional development. 1961- Institution of the Fund for vocational training and social promotion (FFPPS). 1971- Law on organization of vocational training / Institute by the Ministry of National Education of Academic Delegations for Permanent Training (DAFCO). 1983- Vocational training is under State and regional jurisdiction. 2002- Law on Validation of Experience Knowledge (VAE). 2004- Law on long life training and social dialogue: individual right of training (DIF) and professionalization contracts. 2008- Creation of new single operator in public employment service


Higher education Short or long stream

Baccalaureate at 18


Vocational stream
School route Vocational Lyce Apprenticeship

General or technical Secondary education or General or technical lyce

Age 15

Secondary education 1st cycle SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Age 12 Elementary education PRIMARY SCHOOLS Age 6 Pre-elementary education NURSERY SCHOOLS

Vocational Training Bodies

DECISION-MAKERS Government Regions Social partners

Training and advice providers

FUNDING BODIES Government Regions Entreprises Households





Financing of continuing vocational training (EUR 24 billion in 2004; 1.46 % of GDP)


Company contributions to continuing vocational training of people in work (since 2005)


Access to Private sector Training

Training on the employers initiative

THE ENTREPRISE TRAINING PLAN Training decided on by the employer Training at the employees request Training calling for the Employees prior consent

Training time capital

Skills audit


Training on the employees initiative EMPLOYEES INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS Individual training leave Skills audit leave

SPECIAL TRAINING LEAVE Training leave For young workers


Leave for examinations

Educational leave

Authorised absence to Sit on workforce Representative bodies

Accompagner la partie sur les cls de succs.


Keys for success

Local needs : people, companies, market,

(with a benchmarking to the competitors)

Tailor made training Product Library Training engineering

Help for back to work


Building the best individual path


Recruitment Diagnostic Orientation

Name: AFPA. (Association nationale pour la Formation Professionnelle des Adultes) Status: A private law Association. (Act of 1901) Regulated by: The Ministry for Employment and Solidarity. AFPA is a part of the Public Services for Employment, with vocational, counselling and qualifications certifying missions. Tripartite management:
the state, representatives of employers, representatives of wage-earners.


A network organisation

22 regional divisions 186 training and certification centers 215 vocational guidance centers 7 study & research departments


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Alsace Aquitaine Auvergne Bourgogne Bretagne Centre Champagne-Ardenne Corse Franche-Comt Ile-de-France Languedoc-Roussillon Limousin Lorraine Midi-Pyrnes Nord-Pas-de-Calais Basse-Normandie Haute-Normandie Pays de la Loire Picardie Poitou-Charentes Provence-Alpes-Cte d'Azur Rhne-Alpes


A few figures - 2007

5000 trainers, 800 career counselling and tutoring experts, 700 training engineers

178 000 people trained : 59800 women, 118200 men

70 500 000 training hours

259 000 people guided in the labour market

38 500 certificates and 25 700 Professional Skills certificates awarded


For an original pedagogy

A homogeneous quality of service throughout the country Adapted to the needs of the individuals and of the companies
Tailor-made solution for all levels customised solution for the companies

Allowing a continuous access to services: Guidance, Training and Certification

A pedagogical approach based on the professional practice for a very operational know-how

A know-how geared towards employment

Guidance and Tutoring career projects A know how in design, consultancy, research and development to :
Forecast the economic changes Facilitate retraining Develop skills linked to the most needed jobs Support the companies training plans Take part in the regional training policies

Professionally recognized training leading to employment

Qualifying training courses in more than 300 construction, industry and service sectors, from worker to higher technician.

Validation of acquired knowledge or skills: we deliver professional diplomas recognized by the State and employers

80 % of our trainees find employment within 6 months of completing their training

A complete service for helping firms develop

Recruitment help and advice : with our partners ANPE (French national Employment Agency) and Temporary Employment Agencies

Help through changes and in-house retraining : advice on skill management and on designing training programmes, skill assessment and retraining requirements
Training and knowledge upgrading: designing training adapted to your needs, defining personal training paths in the firm, in a center or through distance learning at an individual pace.


Skills validation : Certification of employees acquired knowledge gained through experience

An experience serving Public Agencies and the development of territorial zones

Our assignment : Contribute to the development of territorial zone projects

Our aim : Help fight unemployment in your area, help the set up and start up of SMEs Our strength : Design complete training programmes with the different partners from the State Employment Service Our speciality : Validation of skills acquired through training and experiences


AFPAs wide range of international services comprises:
Technical assistance for reforming and modernising national training systems; Counselling and support for the setting up of training bodies and vocational training centres Design of training curricula adapted to labour market needs

Development of new training approaches Selection as well as technical and pedagogical training of trainers

Recent Achievements
AFPA as training provider for international clients: implements and supervises training projects as part as its priority to make known its training programmes. adapted its training programmes in hotel and catering sectors to specific context.

developed in the apprenticeship sector and supported the creation of a training institutes