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)

(2)

SMALL OR BIG

A FIRE

Can send.... LIVES HEALTH INCOME MATERIALS WORKPLACE UP IN THE SMOKE

STOP IT AT ONCE

WHO CAN PREVENT

(3)

FIRE ?
IT IS YOU !

BASIC CAUSES OF FIRE

MOST INDUSTRIAL FIRES ARE CAUSED BY :

Human error Poor Judgement Ignorance of Fire hazards Unsafe conditions

(4) Know How you can make your work place fire-safe .

(5) MOST OF THE FIRES ARE CAUSED BY HUMAN BEINGS WHO FAIL TO UNDERSTAND COMMON FIRE HAZARDS .

welding torches. . lighted cigarette buts. dryers not properly insulated etc.(6) OPEN FLAMES : Burners.

(7) HOT SURFACES : Burnable rags/ trash kept near furnaces. . soldering irons. hot pipes etc. hot plates.

(8) SPONTANEOUS HEATING OF SUBSTANCES : Slow development of heat in trash. . chemical waste and burning of piles. oily rags.

overheating of machine parts and short circuit. . overloaded motors. sparks from switches.(9) ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENTS : Faulty wiring.

(10) MECHANICAL SPARKS : Faulty machinery. metal objects dropped from height and bumping of machinery. .

. portable electric tools left by mistake near burnable trashes and such like material can lead to fire.(11) PORTABLE EQUIPMENT : Portable ovens.

. falling sparks & failure to follow proper safety precautions can lead to fire.(12) WELDING AND CUTTING : Gas welding and cutting having open flames.

. OIL careless behavior while smoking.(13) SMOKING : Smoking in restricted areas. throwing lighted cigarettes & bidies stubs anywhere.

(14) FRICTIONAL SPARKS : Objects or materials rubbing with each other produce unwanted spark due to friction which becomes the cause of fire. .

low humidly areas by static electricity. .(15) STATIC ELECTRICITY : Spark produced in dry.

kerosene and other inflammable can ignites or explode when they acquire ignition temperature. .(16) INFLAMMABLE CHEMICALS : Petrol.

(17) RIOTS AND ARSONS : Purposely putting workplace on fire by 'Atankvadi'. Terrorist and mischievous persons. .

Shortcuts should not be adopted. Do the work by correct methods. (18) .FIRE PREVENTION RULES FOLLOW FIRE SAFETY RULES : Safety procedure should be strictly followed.

. All fire fighting equipment should be checked to make sure that they do not fail when need arrives.(19) REGULAR INSPECTION IS A MUST : The equipment and machinery in use should be regularly inspected and maintained properly.

(20) SAFE SAFETY ATTITUDE TOWARDS FIRE PREVENTION : Keep your workplaces clean. . Be careful about materials which can catch fire and dispose them of or keep them at proper place. Handle dangerous material with extreme care.

wipe it out immediately and dispose of in a required safe way. Use proper storage. If spilled.(21) FLAMMABLE MATERIALS : Handle flammable materials with extreme care and do not take them lightly. Transport them with all precautions. . Avoid spills.

. SUCH AS : • Spills • Damaged wiring • Dirty machinery • Over loaded electrical circuits • Un-attended open flames • Unprotected flammable liquid & solids • Lack of fire fighting equipment etc.(22) REPORT AND RECTIFY ANY UNSAFE CONDITION.

(23) REMOVAL OF SPECIFIC UNSAFE CONDITIONS : If you come across any electrical fault. • Keep flammable material in proper container and clean spills and leakage quickly. • If you can not handle any hazardous job report and contact expert in the matter . • Clean up dirty machinery at once. call electrician immediately.

TRASH : Keep it out of way in trash. receptacles and closed bins. .(24) FLOORS : Spills of liquid. spread of solid and dirty floor area should be kept clean.

TOOLS & TACKLES : Keep in working order and clean. WINDOWS AND AISLES : No obstacle. EXIT .(25) DOORS. Keep them clear.

Keep them ready to use at any time. .(26) FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENTS : Install fire fighting appliances at right places. ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENTS : Properly maintained and protected from damage.

CLOTHING : Perfect. proper fitting.(27) STORAGE AREA : Clear. . neat and clean condition. clean and orderly maintained.

(28) WHAT TO DO ? n DO NOT PANIC n KEEP CALM n USE FIRST AID & FIRE EXTINGUISHER .

(29) n SOUND ALARM : Learn and teach how to alert people in fire emergency. Act quickly and call fire brigade by pushing the fire alarm buttons or telephoning fire brigade. . Know the location of alarm push buttons. Keep and display fire brigade phone numbers at prominent places.

Know the route and guide people on this route as laid down under evacuation plan procedure. .(30) n EVACUATE PEOPLE : Fire escape route plan should be studied and posted at prominent places.

Remove heat to cool Fire FUEL . .Cover it.(31) To stop fire remove any one of them AIR . Fire smothers HEAT .Cut fuel supply from the source FIRE WILL STOP.

CLOSE ALL DOORS BEHIND YOU AND SHOUT FIRE ! FIRE !! FIRE !!! .HOW TO FIGHT SMALL FIRE (32) ? Stay near the door. WALL FIRES Sweep from the bottom upward. protect yourself first.aim fire extinguisher or water hose pipe at the base of fire. FLOOR FIRES : Sweep extinguisher from one edge of floor to other edge of the fire. IF FIRE GETS BIGGER GET OUT.

packing materials etc. (33) .CLASSIFICATION OF FIRE AND USE OF RIGHT TYPE OF EXTINGUISHERS CLASS 'A' FIRE : Fire of burning of wood. cloth. USE SODA ACID OR WATER CO2 PRESSURISED FIRE EXTINGUISHERS These Extinguishers work by cooling fire with water. rags. cardboard. rubbish. paper.

works as blanket over the burning surface which also produces CO2 gas on heating. generators.C.CLASS 'B' FIRE Fire fueled by kerosene.C.P.P. thinner. paint. USE CO2 TYPE OR DRY CHEMICAL OR MULTI PURPOSE DRY CHEMICAL TYPE OF FIRE EXTIGUSHERS. These Extinguishers work as smothering agents by blanketing the burning material with foam. transformers. diesel. Carbon dioxide gas works as smothering agent. and all other Flammable Liquid and vapours. grease. switches. L.B AND C TYPE OF FIRES. USE CHEMICAL FOAM AND AFFF TYPE OF EXTINGUISHERS. petrol. CAN BE USED FOR A.P. D.G. (34) CLASS 'C' FIRES : Fire caused by electrical equipment such as motors. oil. MULTI-PURPOSE D. . electrical wiring. control panels and electrical equipment etc.

DRENCH THE FIRE : Drench the fire with sudden flushing of water from hose pipe or with bucket.(35) BEAT THE FIRE : Beat the fire with shovel or fire beater. Don't use water for 'C' class of fire caused by electrical equipment. SMOOTHERING : Smoother fire with blanket or sand or mud etc. .

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENTS : They are most essential in case of fire fighting purpose. Stretchers. Rolled Blankets. ALWAYS KEEP READY . You may also need ladder and breathing equipment too. (36) First Aid Kit. etc.

EVACUATION ALARM RECOGNIZED BY ALL. HOUSE KEEPING WORK SHOP IS CLEAN AND TIDY. RUBBISH NO UNNECESSARY ACCUMULATION. GROUNDED. WELL MARKED. NO SPILLS OR BREAKS. • • • • • • • . EVACUATION PROCEDURES PRACTISED AND KNOWN TO ALL. WIRING IN PERFECT ORDER AND CONDITION. MACHINERY CLEAN AND WORKING PROPERLY. CHECK IT. EXITS & PASSAGES CLEAR AND UNOBSTRUCTED.FIRE PREVENTION AND STOPPAGE IS THE DUTY OF EVERYONE OF YOU (37) FIRE PREVENTION CHECKLIST • • • • FLAMMABLE SAFELY STORED IN PROPER CONDITION. COMBUSTIBLE AWAY FROM FLAME. EXTINGUISHERS WELL PLACED. CHECK IT. SMOKING DONE IN SAFE AREA AND SAFELY DISPOSED.

DO NOT PUT IT AT STAKE .PREVENTING FIRE IS EASIER THAN FIGHTING IT • KNOW AND LEARN HOW FIRE STARTS • REPORT AND REMOVE UNSAFE CONDITIONS AT ONCE • PRACTICE GOOD HOUSEKEEPING • KNOW AND TEACH EMERGENCY PROCEDURES (38) SAVE YOUR LIFE AND JOB.