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WHY YOU SHOULD INSTALL FIRE EXTINGUISHERS ? Small fire can grow big. Stop it at once.




Every Home or Factory should have fire extinguisher as per its area and nature of risk involved. inert gas or water to put out flames.YOU MUST HAVE RIGHT APPLIANCES TO FIGHT INCIPIENT FIRES. . APPLIANCES TO EXTINGUISH FIRES ARE CALLED FIRST AID FIRE EXTINGUISHERS (4) Fire extinguishers are pressurized devices which release chemical.

• Provides escape route for the occupants before its escalation.(5) When extinguisher is used in correct manner it is useful in :• Keeping small fire in control before it becomes too big to fight. . • Extinguishes fire or keeps it under control till fire fighters arrive.

CLASSIFICATION OF FIRES THREE MAJOR CLASSES OF FIRES ARE:- (6) CLASS 'A' FIRES : Fires involving ordinary combustible material such as wood. paper. . cloth. upholstery and many plastic materials etc.

L. petrol. magnesium etc. etc. cables and electrical appliances etc. which require special powders for extinguishment are categorized under class 'D' Fires. . grease.(7) CLASS 'B' FIRES : Fires involving inflammable liquids such as solvents. Note : Fires of combustible metals such as sodium. oils.G. Gas.P. CLASS 'C' FIRES : Fires involving electrical motors.

It can scatter the fire.CLASSIFICATION OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS USE RIGHT TYPE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHER FOR SPECIFIC CLASS OF FIRE CLASS 'A' FIRES (8) Water base fire extinguishers are used on class 'A' fires such as wood. paper etc. A Don't use on class 'B' fires. upholstery. cloth. Never on class 'C' or electrical fires because of electric shock hazard. These act as cooling and soaking agent on burning materials. .

(9) CLASS 'B' & 'C' FIRES Carbon dioxide (CO2) or Dry chemicals or Liquefied gas react chemically to stop fires in materials like petrol. . A B Never use foam on class 'C' or electric fires because of risk of electric shock. Chemical/Mechanical foam or AFFF type extinguishes fires by blanketing action or cutting of oxygen. kerosene and grease etc.

and CO2 Extinguishers are used on class 'C' fire. They also produce CO2 gas on heating.C.(10) CLASS 'A'. D. that is. fire of electrical origins.P. 'B' & 'C' FIRES Multipurpose dry chemicals with different powders react chemically by breaking chain reaction and stopping fire. A B C .

Capacity : 9 lts. Spray range : 30 to 40 feet. CO2 stored pressure. Soda acid type extinguisher. Discharge time : 1 minute.KNOW SPECIAL FEATURES OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS (11) CLASS 'A' FIRE Water. ADVANTAGES Longest spray range. No danger to reflash as burning material is soaked. . DISADVANTAGES Good for class 'A' fire only. Easy to refill. It can damage property.

DISADVANTAGES If used in closed area may reduce supply of oxygen. to 22. It can not protect against reflash when used alone. Discharge time : 8 to 30 seconds.5 kgs. etc. No mess to clean up. ADVANTAGES Good to use safely. vapour. making breathing difficult. May cause static spark which could ignite flammable gas.CLASS 'B' & 'C' FIRE CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2)extinguisher Spray range : 3 to 8 feet. Expensive. (12) . Capacity : 1 kgs.

least expensive. ADVANTAGES Can be used on all types of fire. DISADVANTAGES They leave a blanket of dust which must be cleaned up at once.CLASS 'B' & 'C' FIRE DRY CHEMICAL extinguisher. Breathing in large amounts of the chemical irritates the lungs. etc. Spray range : 5 to 10 feet. Capacity : 1 kgs. May damage motors or electrical/electronics appliances. (13) . to 45 kgs. Discharge time : 8 to 25 seconds.

Spray range : 4 to 8 feet. Capacity : 1 kg to 2.Special features.5 kg. Requires no clean up after use. Discharge time : 8 seconds. Same are rated for Class 'A' fire also. Most expensive. advantages & disadvantages of different types of fire extinguishers before buying and installation 'B' & 'C' Class fires Liquefied gas extinguisher. (14) . Won't corrode engine parts and wires. Disadvantages Hazardous to use in unventilated area. Advantages Light & easy to handle.

ADVANTAGES Shelf life is long.Slightly expensive than ordinary DCP. Breathing in large amounts of the chemical irritates the lungs. to 15 kg. Discharge time : 8 to 25 seconds. . Spray range : 5 to 20 feet. etc. DISADVANTAGES They leave a blanket of dust which must be cleaned up at once. Capacity : 1 kg. Can be used on all types of fire.May damage motors or appliances.(15) 'A' 'B' & 'C' Class fires MULTIPURPOSE DRY CHEMICAL extinguisher.

Don't buy one of above type. . soda acid and loaded stream have been discontinued.(16) Note : All inverted type extinguishers including foam. If you already have the same get it tested and refilled. If not inspected and maintained properly they can be ineffective and even dangerous.

FOR EXAMPLE..SELECTION OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS (17) DETERMINE THE TYPE YOU NEED IDENTIFY The fire hazards in your home. and workplace to know the type of fire extinguisher you need.. .are potential dangers for fire. OFFICE Keep 'A' type of fire extinguisher as lots of wooden furniture and papers etc.

. CO2 or multipurpose type of extinguisher as all types of fire hazards are existing there. ELECTRICAL& COMPUTER ROOM Keep CO2 and liquefied gas extinguisher so that clean up after use could be avoided.(18) FACTORY Keep DCP.

CAR/VEHICLE 1 kg. CO2 or multipurpose extinguisher is the best for automobiles.(19) HOME It is advisable to keep A B C type of fire extinguisher in home. .

DETERMINE THE SIZE YOU NEED Consider physical strength and age of the person required to use fire extinguisher Remember : An extinguisher must be big enough to fight incipient fire. size & number of extinguishers you need in fire hazardous location. Consult fire and safety expert for type. (20) .

These are the first line of defense against spread of fire. . They help to know and fight fire before it becomes too big and causes a big damage.(21) Smoke detection and fire alarm system.

(22) .FIRE EXTINGUISHERS ARE NOT SHOW-PIECES LEARN OPERATION OF EXTINGUISHER BEFORE ANY FIRE INCIDENT. When fire starts you do not have time to learn how extinguisher can be operated most effectively.

. Mock fire drill should be done periodically to acquaint the people regarding use of extinguisher in emergency.(23) INSTRUCT ALL WORKERS Instruction regarding operation. inspection. testing & refilling frequency should be made available to all.

(24) ONE MUST KNOW HOW TO OPERATE AND MAINTAIN FIRE EXTINGUISHERS Your fire department staff or any expert in the field may offer training instructions in the operation of extinguisher .


leaving yourself through escape route. . • Don't worry if you get a jolt due to pressure. If fire is small. use an extinguisher. UNLOCK EXTINGUISHER • Pull locking pin or lifting bottom handle. • Squeeze operating handle.(26) STAY CALM Get everyone out of building. Call fire fighters.

CONFIRM TYPE OF BURNING MATERIAL. but slowly when fighting a liquid fire. You can treat this as class 'A' or 'B' fire after disconnection. SOAK ALL SURFACES. To get a spray put your finger over tip of nozzle. MOVE NOZZLE RAPIDLY SIDE TO SIDE. (27) . BE EFFICIENT Don't waste any extinguishing agent. GET CLOSE TO FIRE. Remain 4 to 5 feet away if fire is of general type & 6 to 8 feet away in case of inflammable liquid fire. So every moment counts. Use right type of fire extinguisher. Most extinguishers are emptied in few seconds. DISCONNECT ELECTRICITY IMMEDIATELY.


. NEAR EXIT DOOR Escape becomes easy if fire gets out of control after use of extinguisher.(29) ALONG THE WALK WAYS Where people normally move or work.

.(30) HAZARDOUS AREA Where extinguisher can not be blocked easily. UP STAIRS Where these are visible to all users of the stairs.

BASEMENT GODOWN At the head of the stairs. .(31) IN THE CAR Under the driver's seat.

(32) IN THE ROOM Near the entrance door. KEEP FIRE EXTINGUISHER ON WALL BRACKET. . Their height should not be more than 5 feet above working level so that they could be reached by persons of average height.

CHECK PRESSURE GAUGE. Same thing is applicable to CO2 cartridges also (33) EXAMINE CONTAINER. should also be examined. E . nozzle. locking pin etc.PROPER MAINTENANCE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHER Have extinguishers been tested and refilled immediately after use. tampering and leaks etc. Get it refilled if weight is reduced by 10% or more than specified for the extinguisher. damage. Mechanical parts. Weigh CO2 extinguishers every quarter to ensure that its contents are not leaking. for corrosion.

Parts damaged due to corrosion or mishandling should be re-placed or repaired immediately. (34) HYDRAULIC TEST. Inspection slip should be pasted on each extinguisher. RECORDS OF INSPECTION. . if required. Hydraulic pressure testing of extinguishers should be done at regular interval as per manufacturer's instructions. should be done by an expert immediately. INSPECT THE EXTINGUISHERS. Extinguishers should be mounted on corrosion free strong wall brackets. Date of inspection and due date for the same should be recorded on the inspection slip. WALL BRACKETS.DAMAGED PARTS REPLACED/REPAIRED. Regular inspection and refilling.

Maintenance instructions. .Operating instructions. Standards and buy the model of your requirement.Frequency of inspection/refilling.Class of fire for which extinguisher is suitable.I. . .S. (35) BUY THE ONE HAVING ISI MARKING & TEST CERTIFICATE PRESSURE GAUGES : Check pressure gauge if extinguisher is provided with the same. TO OPERATE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- DON'T PURCHASE NON-STANDARD EXTINGUISHERS AS THESE MAY INVOLVE RISK DURING OPERATION READ THE LABEL ON THE EXTINGUISHER : These points should be clearly written on the label : . or T. .A.C.TIPS BEFORE YOU BUY & USE EXTINGUISHERS As per I.

Fire extinguishers can save lives and property. . your vehicle or your home. o Learn to operate & practice it before you fight real fire. Treat them with respect o Mind well the right type of fire extinguisher needed at your work-place. o Use right type of extinguisher.BE PREPARED FOR FIRE EMERGENCY & FIGHT IT BEFORE IT IS TOO LATE (36) INSTALLATION AND USE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS o Locate extinguisher at accessible place. o Get hydraulic testing and use standard refills as per ISI specifications.