• Dignity is a term used in moral, ethical, and political discussions to signify that a being has an innate right to respect and ethical treatment. • closely related to concepts like virtue, respect, self-respect, autonomy, human rights, and enlightened reason. • Dignity is generally proscriptive and cautionary: in politics it is usually synonymous to 'human dignity', and is used to critique the treatment of oppressed and vulnerable groups and peoples, though in some case has been extended to apply to cultures and subcultures, religious beliefs and ideals, animals used for food or research, and even plants. • In more colloquial settings it is used to suggest that someone is not receiving a proper degree of respect, or even that they are failing to treat themselves with proper self-respect.

• Respect is esteem for, or a sense of the worth or excellence of, a person, a personal quality, ability, or a manifestation of a personal quality or ability. In certain ways, respect manifests itself as a kind of ethic or principle, such as in the commonly taught concept of “(having) respect for others" or the ethic of reciprocity

• Global self-esteem (how much one likes oneself as a whole) • Specific self-esteem (how much one approved of a certain part of oneself)

• Influenced by specific self-esteem self-esteem Derived from self and other Infancy- self-esteem related to caregivers’ evaluation and acceptance Child- affected by competition with other Adult- person who has high self-esteem, has feeling of significance of competence( ability to cope with life)

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Enhance self-esteem
• • • • • • • • Encourage the client to appraise the situation and express their feeling Encourage clients to ask questioning Provide accurate information Become aware of distortions, inappropriate or unrealistic standard and faulty labels in clients’ speech Explore clients’ positive qualities and strength. Encourage clients’ to express positive self-evaluation more than negative-evaluation Avoid criticism Teach clients to substitute negative self-talk( I can’t walk to the store anymore) with positive self-talk( I can walk half a block each morning). Negative self-talk reinforces a negative self-concept.

1) Security and trust- developed early in life - Infant should not be left “to cry it out” for example, but should learn that they can rely on their parents to meet their need promptly and consistently. With older children, trust and security are strengthened when adult spent time with them

2) identity- developed when children are allowed to explore and experiment with the world around them and to express themselves as unique individuals in that world. They should be given opportunities to practice who they are. Preschoolers, for example, love to dress themselves and should be allowed to wear outland outfits( within limit and safety) if they choose. Teenagers who try new hair colors and styles, some of which may “offend” their parents, are engaging in a crucial development step.

3) belonging- essential for all human. child gain this by being included in activities, by being praised for their efforts and achievements, and by valued by parent

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