Presented by Rohan Chopra (1353) Rohit Sachdeva (1355



Wireless is the transfer of information over a distance

without the use of electrical conductors or wires. The distances involved may be short (a few meters as in television remote control) or long (thousands or millions of kilometers for radio communications).

History of wireless
The first wireless transmitters went on the air in the early

20th century using radiotelegraphy Later, as modulation, made it possible to transmit voices and music via wireless, the medium came to be called "radio." With the advent of television, fax, data communication, and the effective use of a larger portion of the spectrum, the term "wireless" has been resurrected.

Why Wireless?
Delivers real time information. Helps in quick and accurate decision making. Continuous supply of information whenever needed.  Increases productivity. Reduces costs via more accurate and timely data capture. Incorporate professionalism in the working in the


Wireless can be divided into:
Fixed wireless Mobile wireless Portable wireless IR wireless

Fixed Wireless

Mobile Wireless

Portable Wireless

IR Wireless

Examples of Wireless Equipment Used today
Cellular phones and pagers Global Positioning System (GPS) Cordless computer peripherals Cordless telephone sets Home-entertainment-system control boxes Remote garage-door openers Two-way radios Baby monitors Satellite Television Wireless LAN or local area networks

Commonly used wireless media
Radio Waves Microwave Transmission Light wave Transmission

Frequency Ranges for Communications Media and Devices

Basis of wireless media
All wireless media rely on various parts of the

electromagnetic spectrum.
Microwave systems transmit high-frequency radio signals

through the atmosphere.
Communication satellites are used for geographically

dispersed organizations.

Types of wireless networks
Wireless local area networks Personal area networks Wide area networks/ Metropolitan Area Network Mobile Device Networks

Wireless Technology offers
Flexible business processes Business processes not limited by time or space New channel for communicating with client Source of new products and services

Devices for Wireless Transmission
Paging systems E-mail handhelds Cellular telephones Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) Smart phones

Mobile technology
Mobile technology is exactly what the name implies technology that is portable. Examples of mobile IT devices include: Laptop computers Palmtop computers or personal digital assistants Mobile phones and 'smart phones' - high-end phones with more advanced capabilities Global positioning system (GPS) devices Wireless debit/credit card payment terminals

Customer Personalization with the Ubiquitous Internet

Mobile devices can be enabled to use a variety of communications technologies such as:
Wireless fidelity (WiFi) Bluetooth Third generation (3G) and 4G Global system for mobile communications (GSM) General packet radio service (GPRS) Data services dial-up services Virtual private networks

Three standards: 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g Infrastructure mode: Devices use access point to

communicate with wired network
Ad-hoc mode (peer-to-peer): Wireless devices

communicate directly with each other

Can link up to 8 devices in 10-m area Low power requirements

Bluetooth can effectively provide connectivity between a mobile device and the following other device types: Printers PDAs Mobile phones LCD projectors Wireless LAN devices Notebooks and desktop PCs.

A Bluetooth Network (PAN)

Cellular Network Standards and Generations
Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)

Emerging Wireless Technologies
First Generation wireless technology Second Generation wireless technology Third Generation wireless technology Fourth Generation wireless technology

Cellular Generations
1G: Analog

cellular networks for voice communication

2G: Digital wireless networks, primarily for voice

communication; limited data transmission capability
2.5G: Interim step toward 3G in the United States 3G: High-speed; mobile; supports video and other rich

media; always-on transmission for e-mail, Web browsing, instant messaging

4G, which is also known as “beyond 3G” or

“fourth-generation” cell phone technology, refers to the entirely new evolution and a complete 3Greplacement in wireless communications. Just as data-transmission speeds increased from 2G to 3G, the leap from 3G to 4G again promises even higher data rates than existed in previous generations.

Can any Body tell what it’s depicts?

Wireless growth around the world

Wireless Gaming

Cisco audio-systemcropped-thumb

A schematic of a typical home network



Wireless MP3

Wireless Mouse

Cam coder


Mobile phones have become mobile platforms for

delivering digital data, used for recording and downloading photos, video and music, Internet access, and transmitting payments access to the Internet for PCs and other wireless handheld devices and cell phones flexibility, and create new products and services

An array of technologies provides high-speed wireless

Businesses increasingly use wireless to cut costs, increase

Business Value of Wireless Networking
 Wireless communication helps businesses easily stay in touch with

customers, suppliers, and employees.
 Wireless networking increases worker productivity and output, as

workers take less time to establish contact with people and to access information.
 Companies can save on wiring offices, moving, and making network

changes by using wireless networks.

Wireless in Health Care
Electronic Medical Record (EMR) retrieval Wireless note taking for patient charts Lab test results Prescription generation Medical databases

Mobility Flexible Layout Cost effective Maintenance and Expansion Easier to use Increase efficiency

Security is where many wireless network lose out. Range of signals. Wireless networks are unreliable. Compatibility of various devices can be a problem. Sudden failure can be there.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.