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# • reciprocal function

• hyperbola

Limitations on Domain

Determine the values of x for which is not defined.

Factor the denominator of the expression.

Answer: The function is undefined for x = –8 and x = 3.

Determine Properties of Reciprocal Functions

A. Identify the asymptotes, domain, and range of the function.

Identify the x-values for which f(x) is undefined.
x–2 = 0 x= 2

f(x) is not defined when x = 2. So, there is an asymptote at x = 2.

Determine Properties of Reciprocal Functions

From x = 2, as x-values decrease, f(x)-values approach 0, and as x-values increase, f(x)-values approach 0. So, there is an asymptote at f(x) = 0.

Answer: There are asymptotes at x = 2 and f(x) = 0. The domain is all real numbers not equal to 2 and the range is all real numbers not equal to 0.

Determine Properties of Reciprocal Functions

B. Identify the asymptotes, domain, and range of the function.

Identify the x-values for which f(x) is undefined.

x+2 = 0
x = –2 f(x) is not defined when x = –2. So, there is an asymptote at x = –2.

Determine Properties of Reciprocal Functions

From x = –2, as x-values decrease, f(x)-values approach 1, and as x-values increase, f(x)-values approach 1. So, there is an asymptote at f(x) = 1.

Answer: There are asymptotes at x = –2 and f(x) = 1. The domain is all real numbers not equal to –2 and the range is all real numbers not equal to 1.

A. Identify the asymptotes of the function.

A. x = 3 and f(x) = 3
B. x = 0 and f(x) = –3

C. x = –3 and f(x) = –3
D. x = –3 and f(x) = 0

B. Identify the domain and range of the function.
A.
B. C.

D = {x | x ≠ –3}; R = {f(x) | f(x) ≠ –4}
D = {x | x ≠ 3}; R = {f(x) | f(x) ≠ 0} D = {x | x ≠ 4}; R = {f(x) | f(x) ≠ –3}

D.

D = {x | x ≠ 0}; R = {f(x) | f(x) ≠ 4}

Graph Transformations

A. Graph the function domain and range.

State the

This represents a transformation of the graph of

a = –1: h = –1: k = 3:

The graph is reflected across the x-axis. The graph is translated 1 unit left. There is an asymptote at x = –1. The graph is translated 3 units up. There is an asymptote at f(x) = 3.

Graph Transformations

Answer: Domain: {x│x ≠ –1} Range: {f(x)│f(x) ≠ 3}

Graph Transformations

B. Graph the function domain and range.

State the

This represents a transformation of the graph of

a = –4:
h = 2:

The graph is stretched vertically and reflected across the x-axis.
The graph is translated 2 units right. There is an asymptote at x = 2.

Graph Transformations

k = –1:

The graph is translated 1 unit down. There is an asymptote at f(x) = –1.

Answer: Domain: {x│x ≠ 2} Range: {f(x)│f(x) ≠ –1}

A. Graph the function

A.

B.

C.

D.

B. State the domain and range of
A. Domain: {x│x ≠ –1}; Range: {f(x)│f(x) ≠ –2} B. Domain: {x│x ≠ 4}; Range: {f(x)│f(x) ≠ 2} C. Domain: {x│x ≠ 1}; Range: {f(x)│f(x) ≠ –2} D. Domain: {x│x ≠ –1}; Range: {f(x)│f(x) ≠ 2}

Write Equations

A. COMMUTING A commuter train has a nonstop service from one city to another, a distance of about 25 miles. Write an equation to represent the travel time between these two cities as a function of rail speed. Then graph the equation.

Solve the formula r t = d for t.
rt = d Original equation. Divide each side by r. d = 25

Write Equations

Graph the equation Answer:

Write Equations

B. COMMUTING A commuter train has a nonstop service from one city to another, a distance of about 25 miles. Explain any limitations to the range and domain in this situation.

Answer: The range and domain are limited to all real numbers greater than 0 because negative values do not make sense. There will be further restrictions to the domain because the train has minimum and maximum speeds at which it can travel.

A. TRAVEL A commuter bus has a nonstop service from one city to another, a distance of about 76 miles. Write an equation to represent the travel time between these two cities as a function of rail speed. A. B.

C.

D.

B. TRAVEL A commuter bus has a nonstop service from one city to another, a distance of about 76 miles. Graph the equation to represent the travel time between these two cities as a function of rail speed.

A.

B.

C.

D.