You are on page 1of 47

Powered Industrial Trucks Operator Training

1910.178 (l) 1915.120 (a) 1917.1 (a)(2)(xiv) 1918.1 (b)(10) 1926.602 (d)

Powered Industrial Truck - Definition

A mobile, power-propelled truck used to carry, push, pull, lift, stack or tier materials. Excluded are vehicles used for earth moving and over-the-road hauling. Commonly known as forklifts, pallet trucks, rider trucks, forktrucks, or lifttrucks. Can be powered through electric or combustion engines.
2

Final Rule

 

OSHA published the final rule for Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training on December 1, 1998. The effective date is March 1, 1999. It applies to all industries except agricultural operations. OSHA estimates that the new rule will prevent 11 deaths and 9,422 injuries per year.
3

The Certification Process


Review Safe Operating Rules as published by OSHA. Watch a video which demonstrates the safe operation of Powered Industrial trucks. Complete a written exam. Complete a skill test on actual equipment.

4

The certification is valid for three years and will include the following: • • Certificate of Achievement Powered Industrial Truck Operator’s Card 5 .

The explicit purpose of forklift safety is to eliminate:  Accidents and Injuries. 120 89 95 114 86 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 6 .

34 10% 35 .64 65 & over 22% 27% Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 7 .Forklift Fatalities by Age Group 1992 -1996 12% 5% 21% 3% Under 20 20 .24 25 .54 56 .44 45 .

Industries Where Powered Industrial Truck Accidents Occurred 8 .

which can be very costly for your company 9 .Property Damage.

10 .Equipment Abuse and Damage.

Electric Motor Rider Trucks 11 .Class I .

Class II .Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks 12 .

Narrow Aisle Trucks 13 .Class II .

Electric Motor Hand or Hand/Rider Trucks 14 .Class III .

Class III .Hand & Hand/Rider Trucks 15 .

Class IV .Cushion (Solid) Tires Fork. counterbalanced (cushion/solid tires) 16 .Internal Combustion Engine Trucks .

Cushion (Solid) Tires 17 .Internal Combustion Engine Trucks .Class IV .

Class V . counterbalanced (pneumatic tires) 18 .Internal Combustion Engine Trucks .Pneumatic Tires Fork.

Internal Combustion Engine Trucks (Pneumatic Tires) 19 .Class V .

Class VI .Electric & Internal Combustion Engine Tractors Sit-down rider 20 .

Rough Terrain Forklift Trucks  Straight-mast forklift  Extended-reach forklift All rough terrain forklift trucks 21 .Class VII .

Rough Terrain Straight Mast Forklifts 22 .

Rough Terrain Extended-Reach Forklifts 23 .

pull. push. or tier loads. lift.     Container top handlers Container reach stackers Straddle carriers Semi-tractors/ Utility vehicles    Sidehandlers Combination vacuum lifts Yard tractors 24 .Some Types of Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime  The following types of vehicles are covered by the OSHA standard if the vehicles carry.

Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Container Handlers 25 .

Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Empty-Container Handler 26 .

Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Container Reach Stacker 27 .

Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Straddle Carriers 28 .

(#2) 29 . the matter will be reported immediately to a supervisor.OPERATING RULES  Drivers will check the vehicle at least once per shift. and if it is found to be unsafe.

(#3) 30 . Vehicles will not exceed authorized or safe speed .

(#5) 31 . unless a safety platform with guardrails is provided. NO RIDERS WILL BE PERMITTED ON VEHICLES.

This is NOT a Safety Platform! 32 .

(#7) 33 . A loaded vehicle will not be moved until the load is safe and secure.

the mast brought to the vertical position. and the load-engaging means left in the down position. brakes set. When leaving a vehicle unattended. (#8) 34 . the power will be shut off.

(#14) 35 . Vehicles will not be driven in and out of highway trucks and trailers at unloading docks until such trucks are securely blocked and brakes set.

sidewalk doors. (#15) 36 . Vehicles will not be operated on floors. or platforms that will not safely support the loaded vehicle.

usually 4 inches off the floor. (#18) 37 . The forks will always be carried as low as possible. consistent with safe operations.

 Extreme care will be taken when tilting loads. (#19) 38 . Loads may fall or forklifts can easily be turned over while tilting moderate loads.

(#21) 39 . Employees will not place any part of their bodies outside the running lines of an industrial truck or between mast uprights or other parts of the truck where shear or crushing hazards exist.

platform. (#24) 40 . freight car or truck. The width of one tire on the powered industrial truck will be the minimum distance maintained from the edge by the truck while it is on any elevated dock.

the driver will be required to travel in reverse. If the load being carried obstructs forward view. (#28) Trucks will not be loaded in excess of their rated capacity. (#31) 41 . with the load trailing. The rated capacity of the truck must be clearly visible by the operator.  The driver will slow down and sound the horn at cross aisles and other locations where vision is obstructed.

oil and hydraulic systems. (#33) 42 .No truck will be operated with a leak in the fuel.

By tilting forward the fork lift can be overturned. (#34) B Vehicle Center of Gravity (Unloaded) A C Center of Gravity of Vehicle and Maximum Load (Theoretical) Note: When the vehicle is loaded. 43 . Elevated loads will not be tilted forward unless the load is being deposited onto a storage rack or equivalent. Theoretically the maximum load will result in the center of gravity at the line B-C. due to the change in the trucks center of gravity.Tilting forward with the load engaging means is prohibited except when picking up a load. the combined center of gravity shifts toward line B-C.

  Special precautions will be taken in the securing and handling of loads by trucks equipped with attachments. Any attachment changes the center of gravity and the maximum capacity rating of the lift. (#36) The engine must remain running and the operator at the controls. (#37) 44 . when a person is elevated in a safe platform.

(#38) 45 . Sparks. open flames or smoking are not allowed in an area within 50 feet of any battery charging or refueling operation. Forklift and electric pallet jack operators may not smoke while operating this equipment.

Always wear your Seatbelt! 46 .Remember.

Lets test your knowledge… 47 .