You are on page 1of 7

# 1.

You say that the carrier to interference value in TEMS Investigation actually reflects carrier to noise. Can you specify how much of the Signal to noise ratio is attributable to the Interference in the air? ANS:- No, we can't. In case of very low signal strength, C/I rather reflects the signal to noise ratio (C/N) but we have no method for differ C/I from C/N. In fact, you could see the C/I as a measure of C/(I+N+R+A...). I.e. the relationship between the carrier and the sum of all interfering signals. Of course, in most GSM networks, the main part of the interference comes from other base stations (and in the coverage limited case when the signal strength is low, noise). 2. Is there a definite link between C/I and S/N, or do we just have to presume that most of the S/N is caused by C/I? ANS:- See answer on question 1. 3. Can you scan (only) the BCCH frequencies, as in, can you get the screen to display the C/I or C/N value for a predefined number of frequencies (1...n). ANS:-It is possible to measure C/I in both idle and dedicated mode. In idle mode, you will get a C/I value on the BCCH carrier in the serving cell. You will not get a value on the neighbours but you can of couse simply use the lock on channel function and switch serving cell. In dedicated mode, you will get a C/I value for each frequency in the hopping list (even on the BCCH carrier (if included). If you have a non frequency hopping cell, you will get a C/I value on the used frequency. It is possible to present the C/I values in four different ways. The methods works even in a non frequency hopping cell (but of course, they will all be very similar). Method 1. C/I Worst, presents the lowest C/I value (and the corresponding ARFCN value) of the frequencies in the hopping list. It is possible to choose index, i.e. the worst, the second worst, the third worst etc. It is possible to specify several indexes and monitor them simultaneously. Method 2. C/I Best, presents the highest C/I value (and the corresponding ARFCN value) of the frequencies in the hopping list. It is possible to choose index, i.e. the highest, the second highest, the third highest etc. It is possible to specify several indexes and monitor them simultaneously. Method 3. C/I Absolute, presents the C/I value on a specified ARFCN. If the ARFCN is included in the hopping list the value is presented. If the ARFCN is not included in the hopping list, nothing is displayed. When the frequency appears in the hopping list (e.g. after an handover to another cell) the C/I value is presented. It is possible to specify several ARFCNs and monitor them simultaneously. Method 4. C/I Hopping list, presents the C/I value on a chosen index in the hopping list. I.e. it is possible to monitor the C/I (and the corresponding ARFCN) on e.g. position 1 in the hopping list. It is possible to specify several indexes and monitor them simultaneously

Does the SQI show the quality on the uplink channel? ANS:-In the TEMS Investigation products. GSM EFR (enhanced full rate). SQI on the uplink channel is available as an option. What parameters of the radio link will have impact on SQI? ANS:-The SQI algorithm takes into account all of those parameters and use the built in training to transform this into a speech quality degradation. How is the SQI related to a typical sentence of a few seconds? ANS:-Every SQI value is a rolling average. the SQI is not dependent on rating a single sentence that is sent on the traffic channel.Therefore. If I send speech to the TEMS Investigation mobile. AMR HR. giving an indication of the speech quality for a sentence during the past 2. How can I fix this? ANS:-. However. in the Ericsson BSS R8 release or later . 11. but will always produce a reliable quality value.e once every SACCH multiframe). a number of SQI values can be averaged for a time period up to about 20 seconds. How often is the SQI updated in TEMS Investigation? ANS:-TEMS Investigation is updating the SQI every 480 millisecond (i. FR. 5. Just open up the Device Manager in windows and disable (not uninstall) the Microsoft ball pointing device.SQI is available for GSM FR (full rate). how will this influence the SQI? Will the language. AMR (adaptive multi rate).4 seconds. The impact of these parameters on the perceived speech quality has been built in to the SQI algorithm using a large training material with different speakers and sentences. . 8.I'm using a SlimCase/DriveTest case or a standalone NMEA GPS and the mouse pointer is moving all over the place when I'm drive testing. This is a known Microsoft problem. AMR. 9. the SQI shows the quality on the downlink channel. If the user wants only one value for a longer time interval. GSM HR (half rate). Being updated every 480 millisecond the SQI gives an instant quality value.4. 10. loudness or speaker(male/female) have impact on the SQI? ANS:-The SQI is calculated from the radiolink parameters. 6. What speech coder versions do the SQI supports? ANS:.

how will this affect the SQI? ANS:-Frequency hopping will improve the radio conditions. Why are you not using MOS (Mean Opinion Score) when presenting the SQI? ANS:-The result from a MOS listening test is heavily influenced by the source material. By using the MNRU scale directly. listener preference and range of disturbance levels and. However.g. What is the range of SQI? ANS:. instead an algorithm similar to the one used in the speech decoder are user which calculated which blocks that are transmitted to the mobile. This characteristic of the MNRU scale is also exploited in most MOS tests. How is the SQI scale constructed and what are the possible values for SQI? ANS:A reference scale (dBQ) is constructed by combining simulated references (sentences with distortion typical for a mobile system) and MNRU (Modulated Noise Reference Unit. we can make comparative listening tests towards the absolute reference scale.g. Note that not only the mandatory SID block and the SACCH block are used. We use DTX Discontinuous Transmission). 13. range of disturbance levels. in order to get a SQI with as high accuracy as possible. thus decreasing the bit error rate and the frame erasure rate. We use Frequency Hopping. where MNRU samples are used as a "scaling factor". ITU-standard P. we recommend you to make sure that as many blocks as possible are transmitted.GSM EFR: -20 <-> 30 GSM FR: -20 <-> 21 GSM HR: -20 <-> 17 . sentence contents. the language. to some extent. e. how will this affect the SQI? ANS:-SQI is calculated on all blocks actually transmitted on the downlink. also to the sentence and language used. the result from the SQI algorithm is relatively stable to the effects of e. This is built into the SQI algorithm.810). When the SQI algorithm is updated. which uses a mathematically defined disturbance. Both male and female speakers are used. 14. Even if MOS tests are well suited to compare the speech samples used within each test. the results cannot generally be compared to results derived from another MOS test. 15.12. and produces listening results which are more comparable between tests. is more stable and absolute. If DTX downlink is used. The MNRU scale. listener preferences etc. only the valid blocks are taken into account. 16. The test will have a small variance. The SQI range comes from using this method.

The Speech Quality Index is available every 0.5 second in TEMS and predicts the instant speech quality in a phone call/radio –link in real–time. Speech Quality Index is another expression when Quality is concerned : ANS:-The need for speech quality estimates in cellular networks have been recognized already in the GSM standard. A short. . SQI. which is an estimate of the perceived speech quality as experienced by the mobile user. By using the results from the listening tests and the full information about the errors and their distributions. One of the reasons for this is that there are other parameters than the bit error rate that affects the perceived speech quality. However. background noise. and two calls having the same RxQual ratings can be perceived as having quite different speech quality. the RxQual measure is based on a simple transformation of the estimated average bit error rate. Extensive listening tests on real GSM networks have been made to identify what type of error situations cause poor speech quality. and the RxQual measure was designed to give an indication of the quality. very deep fading dip has a different effect on the speech than a constant low bit error level. The TEMS Speech Quality Index. even if the average rate is the same. Another reason is that knowing the average bit error rate is not enough to make it possible to accurately estimate the speech quality. and radio channel disturbances.17. echo problems. it is possible to produce the TEMS Speech Quality Index. is based on handover events and on the bit error and frame erasure distributions. The quality of speech on the network is affected by several factors including what type of mobile the subscriber is using.

18.0 Hz with the BTS Manager. When adjustments are complete. why we use DAC value? DAC value = 13 MHz clock of BOIA (BCF) Connect the frequency counter to the 13 MHz test connector on the BOIx front panel with an appropriate test cable.Adjust the current DAC value to 13 000 000. Adjust the trigger level on the counter to produce a frequency reading. Re-check the displayed frequency.8 DAC steps equals one Hz. Check the current and permanent DAC value with the BTS Manager.0 Hz frequency. Adjust the maximum measuring period to achieve the required sampling accuracy. Click the Set as current button. Set the measuring period to one second for the first adjustment. click the Save Current Permanently button. If you must make more adjustments . it is useful to know that 40. Note When searching for the 13 000 000. Save the current DAC value as the permanent DAC value with the BTS Manager.

The data recorded includes Subscriber's IP address Subscriber's IMSI Subscriber's Tunnel Endpoint ID (TEID) at the GGSN Tunnel Endpoint ID (TEID) at the SGSN The Tunnel Endpoint ID (TEID) is a number allocated by the GSN which identifies the tunnelled data related to a particular PDP context. in some proposed architectures. It performs some of the processing tasks of the BSC.What is PDP Contaxt in GPRS? The packet data protocol (PDP. The PCU can be built into the base station. X.25. .g. built into the BSC or even. but for packet data. There are two kinds of PDP contexts. This allocates a PDP context data structure in the SGSN that the subscriber is currently visiting and the GGSN serving the subscriber's access point. but once a channel is allocated to the PCU. In most of the cases. NSAPI are used to differentiate the different PDP context. The allocation of channels between voice and data is controlled by the base station. e.19. IP. Primary PDP context Has a unique IP address associated with it Secondary PDP context Shares an IP address with another PDP context Is created based on an existing PDP context (to share the IP address) Secondary PDP contexts may have different quality of service settings A total of 11 PDP contexts (with any combination of primary and secondary) can co-exist.. it must first attach and then activate a PDP context. What is PCU? The packet control unit (PCU) is a late addition to the GSM standard. When a mobile wants to use GPRS. the PCU is a separate node communicating extensively with the BSC on the radio side and the SGSN on the Gb side. it can be at the SGSN site. the PCU takes full control over that channel. FrameRelay) context is a data structure present on both the Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) and the Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN) which contains the subscriber's session information when the subscriber has an active session. 20.

What is CDEF & CDED? Given as % over dual TCH tsls of GPRS enabled TRXs. Rounded downwards.21. Includes dedicated time slots. .What is BSCU? 22.