You are on page 1of 19

How it is the Structure and Function of Cognition Unfolds

1. 3. Developed an inductively built theory. His influence here in the U. Concerned with manipulative behavior of children-. 2.    . Born in Switzerland.S.how they come to know things. Worked with some “heavyweights” in France.  4.  5.

A Theory is Made Up of Component Parts Assumptions The “givens of a theory accepted w/o proof Concepts The elements on which the theory is built Structure What the theory “looks” like when it is graphically illustrated .

Humans a combination of genetic makeup and environmental influences. Humans are not passive in their development. Mental growth consists of two processes: (a) development and (b) learning .    Humans are biological organisms made up of reflexes and drives.

 Adaptation-.refers to cognitive structures. Organization-.refers to the invariant process of change in schemata.Schemata-.  Equilibrium-.refers to the way schemata are organized and set up.refers to the cognitive balance that humans strive for through out development   .

.

Organize Schemata Adapt Schemata Assimilation Accomodation .

Formal Operational Period Concrete Operational Period Pre-operational Period Sensorimotor Period .

Plane of Thought Formal Operational Period Concrete Operational Period Pre-operational Period Sensorimotor Period Plane of Action .

      Substage 1: Reflexive or S-R Behavior Substage 2: Primary Circular Reactions Substage 3: Secondary Circular Reactions Substage 4: Coordination of Secondary Schemata Substage 5: Tertiary Circular Reactions Substage 6: New means through Mental Combinations .

Object Permanence Begins with no visu al or manu al search Searches for partially concealed objects Searches for completely concealed objects Searchers after visib le displacement Searches after hidd en displacement Mental Representations Mental Representations c annot be held in mind: “ Out o f Sigh t is Out of Mind ” Mental Representations a re beginning to be able to be held in mind Mental Representations a re able to be held in mind Mental Representations c an be held in mind but their external existence is tentativ e Mental Representations c an be held in mind and th ey are secure Symbol System No use of symbols Emergence of rud imentary symbols Representations are coded with symbol s: gestures & sounds Symbol s are becoming more complex and are more lingui stic Symbol ic Function is Achiev ed: Gestures and Langu age .

.   Divided into 2 subperiods: The Preconceptual (2-4) and The Intuitive (4-7) Major Characteristic: Symbolic Function evidenced by language. rather than the inverse. imaginative play. Acceleration of language is regarded as an outcome of the development of symbolization. increase in deferred imitation.

 Egocentrism  Centration  State  Unstable Fixation Equilibrium  Irreversibility  Transduscive Reasoning .

 Conservation of Volume  Conservation of Mass  Conservation of Number  Conservation of Length .