3G TECHNOL OGY

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Presented by :

Miltan Kr Mishra  Mohit Sharma  Monmee Das  Nagendra Goyal  Namita Kapoor
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WHAT IS 3G ?
 The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) defined the third generation (3G) of mobile telephony standards “IMT2000” – to facilitate growth, increase bandwidth, and support more diverse applications.

Cont . . . . .
 It includes GSM EDGE, UMTS and CDMA2000 as well as DECT and WiMAX. Services include wide-area wireless voice telephone, video calls, and wireless data, all in a mobile environment.  Compared to 2G and 2.5G services, 3G allows simultaneous use of speech and data services and higher data rates (up to 14.4 Mbit/s on the downlink and 5.8 Mbit/s on the uplink with HSPA+). 

Overview of 3G/IMT-2000 standards

2G vs. 3G Networks
Today’s Networks (“2G Networks”):

Bandwidth Packet-switched Data Separate Networks for Voice and Data Third Generation Networks (“3G Networks”) Improved Capacity on Radio Interface (Increased Number of Users Per Cell) Packetized Voice and Data (More Efficient Use of Transport) Single, Integrated Network (More Efficient Staffing for Provisioning and Maintenance)

Circuit-switched Data or Limited

Cont . . . . .
Standard Interfaces (Takes Advantage

of Competitive Hardware Pricing) Capable of Supporting Higher Rate Data and Integrated Voice and Data Services (New Revenue Opportunities) Transport (E.G., Routers, Switches, and Gateways) Are Separated From Service and Call Control Intelligence (Lower Cost of Transport Elements, Open Interfaces for Service Development Encourage Rich Service Offerings) 3G networks offer a greater degree of security by allowing the UE to

The 3G Vision
Global Seamless Roaming Common Worldwide Spectrum Multiple Radio Environments Wide Range of Services -Voice & Data

Equally Flexible, Spectrum Efficient Technologies Wireless - Wire line Integration Enhanced Security and Performance Wire line Services and Quality Levels Rapid Introduction of New Technology

3G Vision - Applications

Potential 3G Service Applications Include:  – Voice – E-Mail – SMS  – Fax – LAN Access  – E-Commerce  – Internet Access (High-Speed Fixed and Mobile)  – Multi-Media Including: ØInteractive Games Ø1 and 2 Way Video Phone and Teleconferencing ØCollaborative Multi-Media

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3G Vision - Characteristics
Variety of Multi-Mode Terminal Types Common Radio Interfaces Open Architecture Modular Design:3G Stand Alone or Integrated to

Existing Networks Framework for Mobility Services from Fixed Network Service Provision by Multiple Networks

3G Vision - Interoperability
Legacy Systems Interoperability Between Different

Standards (E.G., ANSI-41, GSM Based Networks) How Achieve Interoperability? Goal: One Global Standard or “Family of Standards” World Wide: IMT - 2000 Phased Implementation

Issues
Expensive input fees for the 3G service

licenses in some jurisdictions Differences in licensing terms between states Level of debt incurred by some telecommunication companies, which makes investment in 3G difficult Lack of state support for financially troubled operators Cost of 3G phones Lack of coverage in some areas High prices for 3G in some countries Demand for high speed services in a hand-held

Evolution towards 4G
3GPP and 3GPP2 are currently working on

further extensions to 3G standards, named Long Term Evolution and Ultra Mobile Broadband, respectively. Being based on an all-IP network infrastructure and using advanced wireless technologies such as MIMO, these specifications already display features characteristic for IMT-Advanced (4G), the successor of 3G. However, falling short of the speed requirements for 4G (which is 1 Gbit/s for stationary and 100 Mbit/s for mobile operation), these standards are classified as 3.9G or Pre-4G.

Cont . . . . .
3GPP plans to meet the 4G goals with LTE

Advanced, whereas Qualcomm has halted development of UMB in favour of the LTE family.

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