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Data Management & Data lifecycle

Survey Conception Data System Architecture Data collection management Data Analysis & Dissemination

Type of info per usage


Global reports Project report

Introduction

Outreach material

Indicators (Focus)

Registration IDP profiling Protection Incident monitoring Protection situation monitoring Population movement monitoring Sectoral assessment Partners activities monitoring Absorbtion capacity evaluation
Data Management & Data Lifecycle

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From Data.. to Information

Introduction

Operation Data Manager should be involved in all the steps of a Data Lifecycle. Any break of this cycle ends with the failure of the system :
Survey Conception

A data collection form that is illdesigned either because it does not satisfy operational information requirements or is flawed from a technical standpoint A well designed survey with a poorly designed and therefore poorly maintained database A structurally well designed database with no data, as data collection cycles have not been integrated/respected A well populated database without implemented reports and queries and therefore no output

Data Analysis & Dissemination Data Collection management

Data System Architecture

Data Management & Data Lifecycle

Before the Form

Survey Conception

Avoid reinventing the wheel check what has


been designed and piloted before

Consultation with all stakeholders avoid


duplication of efforts and assessment fatigue of beneficiaries Collect Simple base reference data first Embark on detailed info based on samples defined from the base reference Data collection frequency should vary according to how frequently the phenomena being tracked or measured changes
Data Management & Data Lifecycle

Layers of data collection

Good practices for Data Collection Forms

Survey Conception

1. Questionnaires used in survey research should be clear and well presented. 2. Think about the form of the questions, 3. Keep the survey as short as possible. 4. Make definitions of data elements consistent with standard definitions and analytic conventions 5. Plan clearly how answers will be analyzed. 6. Test the survey for understandability and respondent effort through focus groups
Data Management & Data Lifecycle

Data model
Data models are the key for interoperability (i.e easy data exchange with partners)
Implementing partners should not have to draft and decide on a core data model; it should be the same everywhere and just adapted locally where necessary; support (guidelines) need to be there Importance of a common referential
Data Management & Data Lifecycle

Data System Architecture

Beneficiary registration
Demographics Bio Data Vulnerability Needs Base indicators Delivered Assistance

Site / community Assessment Multi sectoral assessment: -Health -Education -Water Infrastructure Inventory Whos doing what where?

Site Organization

Project activities description Performance Indicators Activity monitoring

System architecture Building an Interface for data collection:


Mobile Offline desktop Web/Server based OCR* ready form (can be scanned)

Data System Architecture

Integration of external data source (ETL**) Offering analysis capacity (OLAP*** and Stats)
* Mechanical or electronic translation of scanned images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text into machine-encoded text ** Extract, transform, and load (ETL) is a process in database usage that involves Extracting data from outside sources, Transforming it to fit operational needs (which can include quality levels), Loading it into the end target (database or data warehouse) *** An OLAP (Online analytical processing) cube is a data structure that allows fast analysis of data.
Data Management & Data Lifecycle

Reports are part of the data system

Data System Architecture

Queries and tools to extract data from the databases need to be designed along with the database Must give abilities for reporting officers to - Set up queries and reports without high level IT knowledge - To be clear on the standard indicators these queries should be based on

Data Management & Data Lifecycle

Data collection strategies

Data collection management

Direct coordination with partners ex : Somali protection cluster Establishment of a data collection project ex : UNOPS Goma Specific Contract with a dedicated partner Ex: CartONG in Uganda
Data Management & Data Lifecycle

Implementation matrix

Data collection management

UNHCR Implementing Dedicated Direct Government partner Project partner

Registration IDP profiling Protection Incident monitoring Protection situation monitoring Population movement monitoring Sectoral assessment Partners activities monitoring Absorbtion capacity evaluation

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Avoid conflict of interest

Data Management & Data Lifecycle

PDF reports and maps Targets mostly local partners and decision makers Can be disseminated through mailing list (cf Somali protection) Google group (cf Goma Update) Website (cf ReliefWeb)
Data Management & Data Lifecycle

Data Dissemination

GeoPortal and Open Data API

Data Dissemination

GeoPortal: is a tool to ensure institutional memory and Master Data management Can be a tool for desk officers to visualize a situation and use map extracts in their reporting Data API: Can be used for global dissemination: cf
Worldbank Data API or Google public data

Offers material for data journalism (e.g. computer


assisted reporting on data through journalists)
Data Management & Data Lifecycle

Data, Law & License


For all data sets that do not fall under the Guidelines for the Regulation of Computerized Personal Data Files (for instance protection data) .
http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/3ddcafaac.pdf

Data Dissemination

. The Open database license (ODBL) can give a legal frame to all our data collection activities http://www.opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/1.0

Data Management & Data Lifecycle

Providing support for the 4 phases of the process

Conclusion

4 specific types of expertise that are difficult to combine in one profile: Statistician/Analyst: Creating a questionnaire and compiling analyzing the resulting statistics IS Architect: Building the information system Manager: Managing the stakeholder consultation process during the design phase, the collection in the field and dissemination of results Data journalist: Developing sound and sexy reports Need to find where are the gap among the Operation Data Management officers network Need to define the training & support need for each of those specific domains

Data Management & Data Lifecycle