Collection of Data

Collection of Data
• • • • Most important Statistical work. Whole field/Sample Not an easy task Staff is trained

Types of Data
• A/c to sources there are 2 types of Data. • PRIMARY DATA • SECONDARY DATA

Primary Data
• Collected by investigator for the 1st time. • Form of raw material/no statistical treatment.

Method of collection of primary data
• • • • • Direct personal Investigation Indirect personal investigation Collection through questionnaires Collection through enumerators Collection through local resources

Direct personal Investigation
• • • Investigator personally collects the data. He interviews the informant himself. Info collected is quite accurate & complete. (advantage) • Very costly/time consuming(disadvantage) • Employed only in: 6. Laboratory experiments 7. Localized inquires

• Not practicable for intensive field of inquiry due to time factor and personal short comings of the investigator.

Indirect personal Investigation
• When respondent do not supply the correct information. • No cooperation with the enumerator. • Info collected about respondent house/income/holdings. • Agency other than respondant is consulted to provide the data. • Accuracy depends upon agency consulted.

Collection through questionnaires
• Questionnaires is a set of questions related to the field of inquiry. • Send by mail and the informants are requested to return the questionnaires to the investigator within a certain period. • Cheap and less time consuming good for extensive inquiries. • Respondents doesn't care to fill the questionnaires & to return them to the investigator.

• Questionnaires are returned incomplete & full of errors. • Inspite of these drawbacks the method is considered standard inquiries. • Framing of questionnaires is difficult only an expert can frame a good questionnaires . • Question should be simple,objective type and brief.

Collection through enumerators
• Overcome the difficulties of illiterate people in filling the questionnaires. • Info gathered by employing trained enumerators who assist the informers in making the entries in the questionnaires. • Most reliable data is collected if the enumerator is reliable. • Very costly inquiry/can be carried out by the Govt. only.

Collection through local resources
• Agents/local correspondents/local representatives are directed to send the info using their own judgments. • They only send the reports. • In Pakistan patwaries send the reports regarding crop conditions. • Reports are the estimates only.

Secondary Data
• • Statistical treatment. Data collected/tabulated/presented in some form is Secondary data. • Not collected from individual. • Taken from different sources. Secondary sources are as follows: 6. Official Statistics 7. Semi official Statistics

Official Statistics
• Govt. dept maintain their data and publish it annually as official statistics. • Imp publications are • Statistical division • Bureau of Statistics • Examples include • Ministry of food • Ministry of education

Semi official Statistics
• • • • • • • Data available with PIA Railway State bank of Pakistan District Council Central cotton commity Board of Economic Inquiry……etc.

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Secondary data can be obtained from Magazines Newspapers Journal of universities…..etc.