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Lecture :4

Open source software

Most widely used open source applications

•GRASS: Originally developed by the U.S. Army Corps of

Engineers, a complete GIS.

•MapServer: Web-based mapping server, developed by the

University of Minnesota.
Other open source GIS applications:

•Chameleon: Environments for building applications with


•GeoTools: Open source GIS toolkit written in Java, using Open

Geospatial Consortium specifications.

•gvSIG: Open source GIS written in Java.

•JUMP GIS: Java Unified Mapping Platform.

•MapWindow GIS: Free, open source GIS desktop application

and programming component.

•PostGIS: Spatial extensions for the open source PostgreSQL

database, allowing geospatial queries.

•Quantum GIS: QGIS is a user friendly Open Source GIS that

runs on Linux, Unix, Mac OSX, and Windows.

•TerraView: GIS desktop that handles vector and raster data

stored in a relational or geo-relational database.

•ILWIS: ILWIS (Integrated Land and Water Information

System) integrates image, vector and thematic data.
Notable commercial or proprietary GIS software
Most widely used
•AutoDesk: Products include MapGuide and other products that
interface with its flagship AutoCAD software package.

•Cadcorp: Developers of GIS software and OpenGIS standard

(e.g. Read/Write Open Source PostGIS database).

•Intergraph: Products include GeoMedia, GeoMedia Profesional,

GeoMedia WebMap, and add-on products for industry sectors,
as well as photogrammetry.

•ERDAS IMAGINE: A proprietary GIS, Remote Sensing, and

Photogrammetry software developed by Leica Geosystems
Geospatial Imaging.
•ESRI: Products include ArcView 3.x, ArcGIS, ArcSDE, ArcIMS,
and ArcWeb services.

•IDRISI: Proprietary GIS product developed by Clark Labs.

•MapInfo: Products include MapInfo Professional and

MapXtreme. Integrates GIS software, data and services.

•MapPoint: Proprietary GIS product developed by Microsoft.

•Caliper: Products include Maptitude, TransCAD and

TransModeler. Develops GIS and the only GIS for transportation.
Other GIS software
•GeoBase : Geospatial platform developed by Telogis. A
particular focus is placed on real-time processing for reverse-
geocoding, geofencing, etc.

• LandSerf: Free GIS written in Java. Source available but not

strictly open source.

•Panorama: Russian GIS for military uses.

•SPRING: GIS software developed at INPE (Instituto Nacional

de Pesquisas Espaciais) and available free of charge.

•TerraLib: GIS class and functions library, available from the

Internet as open source, allowing a collaborative environment
and its use for the development of multiple GIS tools.
•TNTmips: Geospatial analysis system providing a GIS,
RDBMS, and automated image processing system with CAD,
TIN, surface modeling, and data publishing tools.

•SavGIS: Free and complete GIS software available in French,

English and Spanish, developed since 1984 by the
Development Research French Institute (IRD)

•Tilcon GIS Maps: Tilcon is an embedded graphical user

interface company produces a GIS application development

•Scenome: Software for building geo-referenced terrain

databases from industry standard GIS formats such as DEM
•GDAL: Geo-Data Abstraction Library. Popular open-source
product for managing GIS data.

•PROJ4: Popular, open-source product for converting GIS

data between projections.

•MapTools :Suite of open-source GIS products and platforms.

•Spatial Communication: Spatcom (Spatial Communication) is

a Free and Share GIS Software with Digital Map Data Made in
GRASS (Geographic Resources Analysis Support System)

Developer: GRASS Development Team

Latest release: 6.2.2 / July 16, 2007
OS: Linux, MS-Windows, Mac OS X, POSIX compliant systems
Genre: Geographic information system
License: GPL (General Public License )
Website: http://grass.itc.it22
GRASS is an open source, Free GIS with raster, topological
vector, image processing, and graphics production
functionality that operates through a GUI and shell in the
Window System.
The recent GRASS 6 release introduces:
• A new topological 2D/3D vector engine and support for
vector network analysis.

•Attributes are managed in .dbf files or SQL-based DBMS such

as MySQL, PostgreSQL/PostGIS, and SQLite.

•Capable of visualizing 3D vector graphics data and voxel (is a

volume element, representing a value on a regular grid in three
dimensional space), volumes.
•Supports an extensive range of raster and vector formats
through the binding to GDAL/OGR libraries, including OGC-
conformal (Open Geospatial Consortium).

•Simple Features for interoperability with other GIS. It also

supports Linear Reference System.

•GRASS is one of the eight initial Software Projects of the

Open Source Geospatial Foundation.
MapServer (University of Minnesota)
Developer: Stephen Lime
Latest release: 5.0.0 / 17 September 2007
Platform: Linux, Unix, Windows, Mac OS X
Genre: GIS software (compare)
License: BSD

MapServer is an open source internet map server, which runs as a

CGI (Common Gateway Interface (CGI) is a standard protocol for
interfacing external application software with an information server,
commonly a web server. This allows the server to pass requests
from a client web browser to the external application. The web
server can then return the output from the application to the web
browser) program.

MapServer was originally developed with support from NASA, which

needed a way to make its satellite imagery available to the public.
ILWIS (Integrated Land and Water Information System)

Developer: 52° North

Latest release: 3.4 Open / July 1, 2007
OS: MS-Windows
Genre: Geographic information system
License: GPL
Website: 52°North Product page,
ILWIS is a GIS / Remote sensing software that integrates
image, vector and thematic data.

ILWIS features include:

•Analysis and display of data
•Production of quality maps.

ILWIS was intially developed and distributed by ITC Enschede

(International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth
Observation) in the Netherlands as shareware, but since 1
July 2007, it is distributed under the terms of the GNU General
Public License and is thus free software.
MapInfo combines software, data (both spatial and non spatial)
and consultancy with project management, systems design and
development, training and support.

MapInfo produces a wide range of software:

•Spatial Cartridges for databases (Spatial Ware)
•Routing (Routing J Server)
•Geocoding (Map Marker)
•Site Analysis (Any Site)
•Risk Analysis, Market Analysis, Demographic Analysis
•Envinsa web services suite along with the more traditional GIS
MapInfo's GIS software products include:

•The desktop GIS software

•MapInfo Professional
•MapXtreme 2005
•MapXtreme Java for web-based
•Desktop client mapping,
•Developer tools such as MapBasic

The latest version of MapInfo Professional is v9.0, released in

June 2007 and now comes as standard in SCP Software Copy
ERDAS IMAGINE raster graphics editor and
remote sensing application

•Designed by: Leica Geosystems Geospatial Imaging.

•Latest version : 9.1.

•It is aimed primarily at geospatial raster data processing that

allows the user to display and enhance digital images.

•It is a toolbox allowing the user to perform numerous operations

on an image and generate an answer to specific geographical
•By manipulating data placement in imagery, it is possible to see
features that would not normally be visible.

•The level of brightness, or reflectance of light from the surfaces

in the image can be helpful with vegetation analysis, prospecting
for minerals etc.

•Other usage examples include linear feature extraction,

generation of processing chains ("models" in ERDAS IMAGINE),
import/export of data for a wide variety of formats, ortho-
rectification of data and so forth.