Lecture :4

Open source software
Most widely used open source applications •GRASS: Originally developed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, a complete GIS. •MapServer: Web-based mapping server, developed by the University of Minnesota. Other open source GIS applications: •Chameleon: MapServer. Environments for building applications with

•GeoTools: Open source GIS toolkit written in Java, using Open Geospatial Consortium specifications. •gvSIG: Open source GIS written in Java.

•JUMP GIS: Java Unified Mapping Platform. •MapWindow GIS: Free, open source GIS desktop application and programming component. •PostGIS: Spatial extensions for the open source PostgreSQL database, allowing geospatial queries. •Quantum GIS: QGIS is a user friendly Open Source GIS that runs on Linux, Unix, Mac OSX, and Windows. •TerraView: GIS desktop that handles vector and raster data stored in a relational or geo-relational database. •ILWIS: ILWIS (Integrated Land and Water Information System) integrates image, vector and thematic data.

Notable commercial or proprietary GIS software
Most widely used •AutoDesk: Products include MapGuide and other products that interface with its flagship AutoCAD software package. •Cadcorp: Developers of GIS software and OpenGIS standard (e.g. Read/Write Open Source PostGIS database). •Intergraph: Products include GeoMedia, GeoMedia Profesional, GeoMedia WebMap, and add-on products for industry sectors, as well as photogrammetry. •ERDAS IMAGINE: A proprietary GIS, Remote Sensing, and Photogrammetry software developed by Leica Geosystems Geospatial Imaging.

•ESRI: Products include ArcView 3.x, ArcGIS, ArcSDE, ArcIMS, and ArcWeb services. •IDRISI: Proprietary GIS product developed by Clark Labs. •MapInfo: Products include MapInfo Professional MapXtreme. Integrates GIS software, data and services. •MapPoint: Proprietary GIS product developed by Microsoft. •Caliper: Products include Maptitude, TransCAD and TransModeler. Develops GIS and the only GIS for transportation. and

Other GIS software
•GeoBase : Geospatial platform developed by Telogis. A particular focus is placed on real-time processing for reversegeocoding, geofencing, etc. • LandSerf: Free GIS written in Java. Source available but not strictly open source. •Panorama: Russian GIS for military uses. •SPRING: GIS software developed at INPE (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais) and available free of charge. •TerraLib: GIS class and functions library, available from the Internet as open source, allowing a collaborative environment and its use for the development of multiple GIS tools.

•TNTmips: Geospatial analysis system providing a GIS, RDBMS, and automated image processing system with CAD, TIN, surface modeling, and data publishing tools. •SavGIS: Free and complete GIS software available in French, English and Spanish, developed since 1984 by the Development Research French Institute (IRD) •Tilcon GIS Maps: Tilcon is an embedded graphical user interface company produces a GIS application development module. •Scenome: Software for building geo-referenced terrain databases from industry standard GIS formats such as DEM and GEOTIFF.

•GDAL: Geo-Data Abstraction Library. Popular open-source product for managing GIS data. •PROJ4: Popular, open-source product for converting GIS data between projections. •MapTools :Suite of open-source GIS products and platforms. •Spatial Communication: Spatcom (Spatial Communication) is a Free and Share GIS Software with Digital Map Data Made in Indonesia.

GRASS (Geographic Resources Analysis Support System)
Developer: GRASS Development Team Latest release: 6.2.2 / July 16, 2007 OS: Linux, MS-Windows, Mac OS X, POSIX compliant systems Genre: Geographic information system License: GPL (General Public License ) Website: http://grass.itc.it22

GRASS is an open source, Free GIS with raster, topological vector, image processing, and graphics production functionality that operates through a GUI and shell in the Window System. The recent GRASS 6 release introduces: • A new topological 2D/3D vector engine and support for vector network analysis. •Attributes are managed in .dbf files or SQL-based DBMS such as MySQL, PostgreSQL/PostGIS, and SQLite. •Capable of visualizing 3D vector graphics data and voxel (is a volume element, representing a value on a regular grid in three dimensional space), volumes.

•Supports an extensive range of raster and vector formats through the binding to GDAL/OGR libraries, including OGCconformal (Open Geospatial Consortium). •Simple Features for interoperability with other GIS. It also supports Linear Reference System. •GRASS is one of the eight initial Software Projects of the Open Source Geospatial Foundation.

MapServer (University of Minnesota)
Developer: Platform: Genre: License: Website: Stephen Lime Linux, Unix, Windows, Mac OS X GIS software (compare) BSD http://mapserver.gis.umn.edu/ Latest release: 5.0.0 / 17 September 2007

MapServer is an open source internet map server, which runs as a CGI (Common Gateway Interface (CGI) is a standard protocol for interfacing external application software with an information server, commonly a web server. This allows the server to pass requests from a client web browser to the external application. The web server can then return the output from the application to the web browser) program. MapServer was originally developed with support from NASA, which needed a way to make its satellite imagery available to the public.

ILWIS (Integrated Land and Water Information System)
Developer: 52° North Latest release: 3.4 Open / July 1, 2007 OS: MS-Windows Genre: Geographic information system License: GPL Website: 52°North Product page,

ILWIS is a GIS / Remote sensing software that integrates image, vector and thematic data. ILWIS features include: •Digitizing, •Editing, •Analysis and display of data •Production of quality maps. ILWIS was intially developed and distributed by ITC Enschede (International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation) in the Netherlands as shareware, but since 1 July 2007, it is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License and is thus free software.

MapInfo combines software, data (both spatial and non spatial) and consultancy with project management, systems design and development, training and support. MapInfo produces a wide range of software: •Spatial Cartridges for databases (Spatial Ware) •Routing (Routing J Server) •Geocoding (Map Marker) •Site Analysis (Any Site) •Risk Analysis, (TargetPro), Market Analysis, Demographic Analysis

•Envinsa web services suite along with the more traditional GIS software.

MapInfo's GIS software products include: •The desktop GIS software •MapInfo Professional •MapXtreme 2005 •MapXtreme Java for web-based •Desktop client mapping, •Developer tools such as MapBasic The latest version of MapInfo Professional is v9.0, released in June 2007 and now comes as standard in SCP Software Copy Protection.

ERDAS IMAGINE remote sensing application

raster graphics editor


•Designed by: Leica Geosystems Geospatial Imaging. •Latest version : 9.1.

•It is aimed primarily at geospatial raster data processing that allows the user to display and enhance digital images.

•It is a toolbox allowing the user to perform numerous operations on an image and generate an answer to specific geographical questions.

•By manipulating data placement in imagery, it is possible to see features that would not normally be visible.

•The level of brightness, or reflectance of light from the surfaces in the image can be helpful with vegetation analysis, prospecting for minerals etc.

•Other usage examples include linear feature extraction, generation of processing chains ("models" in ERDAS IMAGINE), import/export of data for a wide variety of formats, orthorectification of data and so forth.

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