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Art Appreciation: Mid-Exam Review

As you read through this review, see the questions in red and answer them as part of your review.

1-What is art?
Art is the expression of human creative skill and imagination.
Artists tell the story of human history through art!

3 Art Questions

2-Why should we appreciate art?


We live in a visual world it is important to be able to understand the images we see everyday. It helps to give us the gift of the freedom of choice.
What visual images do you see everyday? Do you notice them?

3 Art Questions

3-How can every work of art show us Gods truth?


Through the beauty of the artists expression we are reminded of Gods truth through that beauty.
The creation of art reflects our Creator (God).

3 Art Questions

Renaissance (1400-1550)

Middle Ages (400-1400)

Mannerism (1520-1600)

Baroque (1600-1700)

How do the artists in these styles learn from each other? How do they rebel against each other?

Western Art Timeline

Renaissance Art
1400-1550

Annunciation
Leonardo da Vinci, 1475-1480

A little history...
Before the Renaissance (during a time called the Middle Ages), most people had very hard lives. Their focus was on surviving their daily life. From around 1350 -1450, the Black Plague killed of the population of Europe.

Huge economy shift that created a Middle Class.

Middle Ages Art


What are some things you notice about art from the Middle Ages?

A little history...
A major shift in thought in Florence, Italy, people begin to think differently about life. Renaissance means rebirth. This rebirth of of classical Greek and Roman ideas on language, philosophy, art, arcitecture & literature Renaissance Humanism: the study of things that promote and exhault human culture.
Rather than focusing on the spiritual or eternal ideal, it focused on a worldly ideal. Living life in the here and now, exploring and enjoying the present. This idea did not exclude Christian ideas, however it did focus more on man than God.

...so, Renaissance art became a rebirth of a more classic, natural and realistic way of art.

Giotto di Bondone
1266-1377

Giotto was a painter, sculptor and architect and is considered the first to heavily contribute to the Italian Renaissance. His use of color and perspective (nearly 100 years before the Renaissance) had a huge influence on some of the great Renissance artists.

Lamentation (The Mourning of Christ),


between 1304 and 1306

Leonardo de Vinci
1452-1519

De Vinci is known as a Renaissance Man. He had many talents as an artists he was a painter, sculptor, scientist and inventor, with his most famous paintings being the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.

Leonardo de Vinci
Mona Lisa (1503-1506)
This is one of the most famous paintings ever painted by de Vinci or any artist. De Vinci used techniques that helped define Renassiance art at the time a natural, realistic perspecive using light and shadow in such a way that the painting looks more like a photo. He also used a technique known as sfumato that blended light and dark colors, again aiding in the realisic nature of the painting.

Michelangelo Buonarroti
1475-1564

Michelangelo was also a sculptor and painter. His great attention to detail as well as his poetry, architecture and engineering ideas made him one of the great artists of the Renaissance.

Painted by: Jacopino del Conte, after 1535

Michelangelo Buonarroti

Detail: the face of God

Sistine Chapel (1508-1512) is painted on the celing of the large Papal Chapel within the Vatican. Michelangelo painted 9 scenes from the Book of Genesis.

The School of Athenss (Raphael, 1510-1511) comes from a time when the status of artists had dramatically risen. This captures so much of what the Renissance was about the glorification of classical themes (art, language, mathematics, philosophy) and the glorification of man.

Painted sometime between 330-550

The Madonna and Child in Majesty Cimabue, 1280

Madonna Enthroned Giotto di Bondone, 1310

Madonna and Child with two angels Filipo Lippi, 1465

What differences do you see between the 4 paintings of the Madonna & child?

Lasting Effects
Oil on canvas Realistic perspective Sfumato Lighting techniques to create a more natural look

Mannerism

& Baroque Art

Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror Parmigianio, 1524

The Storm on the Sea of Galilee Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1633)

Protestant Reformation

Mannerism - History

1517: Martin Luther wrote 95 Theses. This began the Reformation. Key Ideas:
A call to purify the church.
Where was all the money going? Why did the church have so much control over everything? A belief that the Bible, not tradition, should be the soul source of spiritual authority.

The Reformation divided Europe into Protestant and Catholic.

The Art
The term Mannerism: Italian word maniera which means style or manner. Renaissance art was focused on art being realistic, Mannerist art was more interested in creating and showing off their own style.

Mannerism What is it?

Characteristics of Mannerism
Awkward or unusual poses

Distortion of Figures
Elongated figures (i.e. neck), disproportionate body parts (i.e. small or large hands)

Manipulation of Space
Logical boundaries ignored

Confusing on purpose

Why did Mannerist artists make their paintings confusing on purpose?

Mannerism - Pontormo

Joseph in Egypt (1515-1518)

Entombment Jacopo Carucci (known as Pontormo) 1528

In what ways do these paintings show characteristics of Mannerism?


Monsignor della Casa (1544)

Mannerism El Greco

Madonna and Child with St. Martina and St. Agnes (1599)

View of Toledo (1596/1600)

Baroque What is it?

Characteristics in Baroque Art:


Emotionally intense Movement Drama
Use of color Light and dark

Extravagant ornamentation Back to a more realistic look

Artists
Caravaggio, Italy, 1571-1610 Rembrandt, Dutch, 1606-1669

Baroque Caravaggio

The Conversion on the way to Damascus (1601)

The Crucifixation of St. Peter (1601)

What themes did Caravaggio like to paint?

Baroque Rembrandt

The Money Lender

If you have any questions, email me or leave a comment below!

adrienne.williams@uphcollege.com