You are on page 1of 20

Metals and non metals

Objective To revise the metals and non metals topic Outcomes To be able to identify metals on the periodic table (Level 4) To understand the different properties of metals (level 5) To write word equation for various reactions with metals (level 6)

Metals and non metals


Take out your planners and open to the periodic table Identify 5 metals

Metals and non metals

Reactivity series
Draw the reactivity series in books from least reactive to most reactive. You will be answering questions on this on the next slide

1.Which metal is the most reactive? 2.Which metal is the least reactive?

3.Which metal is used for plumbing pipes and why? 4.Which metal is used for jewellery and why?
5.Name a metal that is more reactive than gold 6.Name a metal that is less reactive than gold

7.Write the chemical symbols for these metals

Properties of metals
Complete the properties of metals worksheet Match the correct key word to its definition

Lustrous Flexible Ductile

All metals are shiny when polished or freshly cut Metals do not break they bend Metals can be drawn into wires

Malleable
Sonorous

Metals can be hammered into sheets


Metals ring like a bell when hit - they do not make a dull thud All metals conduct electricity Metals allow energy to flow through them, causing heating

Electrical conductor Thermal conductor

Which of the following are NOT properties of most metals?

strong

magnetic

high melting point

brittle

hard

Metal Reactions
When metals react with OXYGEN in the air, they ________ make compounds called OXIDES ________.
METAL

+ OXYGEN

METAL OXIDE

Magnesium Copper

+ Oxygen
Oxygen

Magnesium Oxide Copper Oxide

Many metals burn in oxygen with brightly coloured flames. We use them to make FIREWORKS.

Investigate what happens when you burn magnesium in air


Person 1 Bunsen burner Heatproof mat Goggles Person 2 Magnesium ribbon Tonges

Conclusion
Before I burned the magnesium it looked ____________________________________ After I burned the magnesium it looked ____________________________________ The substance I had after burning was ____________________________________

Metal Reactions
When metals react with ACIDS _ _____, they make ________. SALTS

METAL

+ ACID

METAL SALT

Naming Salts
Chlorides are made from hydrochloric acid Sulphates are made from sulphuric acid Nitrates are made from nitric acid Complete the worksheet

Copy and complete the notes below, filling in the blanks There 92 naturally occurring elements in the _______ Periodic Table: metals the majority of these elements are ______

left and the centre of the The metals are found on the _____ Periodic Table
physical and chemical properties Metals share many _________ Mercuryis the only metal which is liquid at room _______ temperature

cobalt are the only elements which are ________ magnetic Iron, nickel and ______

Al more or less reactive than Zn

More reactive

Mg more or less reactive than Pb

More reactive

K more or less reactive than Au

More reactive

Ag more or less reactive than Pt

Less reactive

Sn more or less reactive than Cu

Less reactive