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Achyut Kanvinde

Submitted By: AAMIR MALIK 10061AA004 V SEM ; B.ARCH

Biography
• • • • Born 1916 Died 2003 Country Origin India In 1947 Kanvinde got his masters degree in architecture from HARVARD UNIVERSITY. • He became the president of the Indian Institute of Architects in 1976 and awarded gold medal in 1985. • Kanvinde is the author of campus design in india.

Lifetime Achievements
• • • • Awarded Padma Shree in 1976. President IIA (1974-75). Co-Authored Book “Campus Design in India”. IIA’S Gold Medal for lifetime Achievement in 1985. • Great Masters Award from JK Industries ltd in 1993.

style
• Buildings were conceived with strict modernist vocabulary. • He used concrete frame structure in filled with brick panels and plastered in a fine stone grit finish. • He mostly used the locally available materials.

• His works are based on modern architecture of the west, but at the same time preserves and reinterprets Indian tradition. • His work is obviously contemporary and fuses tradition with the principles and materials of modernism in creative and remarkable ways.

Projects of Achyut Kanvinde
• • • • • • • Dudhsagar Dairy Complex, Mehsana. National Dairy Development Board, New Delhi. National Science Center, New Delhi. Nehru Science Center, New Delhi. IIT Kanpur. Harivallahdas house ahmedabad. Swiss trade mission.

National Science Center, New Delhi, India (1991)

•Situated in the vicinity of old monuments of Delhi providing a new fabric to the city and at the same time feeling of the ancient building.

Area : 6000 sq.m
• The natural slope of the site is utilized to the advantage of a multi-level processing system. • Milk receiving is done at the roof. • Processing is done at the second level. • The third and the lowest level accommodates worker’s amenities. • Walls and structure are more theatrical than technical in their function of containing and supporting the process within. • The equipment is framed in a 7 sq. m concrete grid. • On exterior the ventilation points are expressed as large shafts that rise above the roof level.

• They evacuate the hot air by natural convection eliminating the need for a mechanical exhaust system. • Graphic banding of the exterior finish helps articulate the muscular feature of the building. • The socialistic emphasis on office-worker amenities and environmentally sensitive work space remind of a Dutch architect “Herman Hertzberger”. • More exclusive functions such as private offices and meeting rooms are grouped at the top of the building. • The lager public spaces including the reception and other departmental offices are at the lower floors. • Vertical services – fire escapes, main stairs and elevator towers – are concentrated at the rear of the structure as clearly expressed shafts. • The exterior is finished with a rough plaster composed of marble chips and white cement.

Iit-kanpur
• Indian Institute of Tecnology, Kanpur is one of the premier institutions established by the government of india. • IIT-Kanpur is located on the grand truck road, 15km west of kanpur city and measures close to 420 hectaress. • The research in consonance with the contemporary and future needs of india.

National dairy board
• It is located in mehsana, india. • The black and white zig zag designs, for greek, islamic and other international symbols. • Other aspects of the building suggest other mythic references. • This four-story building, housing departments relating to math, statistics and computer science. • It is a plan in the shape of an “H” and is aligned with the cloister of the administration building.

Harivallabdas House Ahemdabad, India (1964)

• The stark rectilinear concrete forms and industrial profile of the plant announce that it is a place for production. • Thus modern thecnology is used to preserve a traditional way of life and the processing plant is the physical expression of this fusion.

TIMELINE OF HIS WORKS

1954-1964 Physical Research Laboratry, Ahmadabad

IIT Campus Kanpur 1966

Dudhsagar Dairy Mehsana 1973

Nehru Science Center Mumbai 1985

National Science Center New Delhi 1991

National Insurance Academy Pune,1992

ISKON Temple, East of kailash, Delhi 1998

OUR OPINION
Based on observations on his work. • They appear to be built with a large amount of thought having been given to making them functionally efficient and practically feasible. • His buildings were always conceived with first priority given to its functions, and the social values when designing spaces. • They rejected symmetry.

• Even the temple he designed, at the fag end of his career, for ISKON, has three shikharas- all of which face different angles- very unlike any other temple, which would have its shikhars linearly arranged- emphasizing a direction. • The visible difference in his later works, as compared to earlier ones, is that the structural system is easily readable on the face of the building, and the buildings clearly respond to climate.

Conclusion
• Kanvinde has mostly designed research and educational areas. • He liked to reveal the internal functions in a building (office block, walkway, auditorium ) as separate masses. • The quality of execution and finishes reflects his attention to detailing and an experienced yet relating attitude of design. • “The lightness spoke of the primacy of idea over matter, logic over circumstances”, it was the theme that never left his architecture.

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