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Technical University of Cluj, Department of Electrical Machines, Cluj, Romania

Fault Tolerant Switched Reluctance Machine's Comparative Analysis
M. Ruba and L. Szabó,

Introduction ► ► ► ► ► ► Fault tolerant concept emerged from IT More fault tolerant interconnected equipments form a system Machine design using FLUX 2D Command system build in Matlab Simulink Full simulation using FLUX to Simulink Technology Comparison of the results .

The structures in study Geometries in study: ► 12/8 and 12/14 topology ► Fault tolerance ability difference ► Different flux paths ► Full possibility of command ► High fault tolerance ► Higher manufacture costs .

The power converters in study A1 B1 C1 ► ► ► ► ► 6 phases divided in 2 groups Half H bridge Separate parallel connected groups Separate firing angles computation High fault tolerance A2 B2 C2 D1 E1 F1 V D2 E2 F2 .

4mΩ) ► Voltage source ► Connection to the buss bars .The coupled simulation program Inverter simulation: ► Cedrat Electriflux ► Each phase is compound from two coils ► Switches modelled with resistances (100kΩ .

The coupled simulation program Voltage value 250 Teta Cur_PH6 Comand C1 Comand C2 VOLTAGE 240v RA1_1 RA1_2 RA2_1 RA2_2 RB1_1 torque RB1_2 RB2_1 RB2_2 teta Torque teta A Teta Cur_PH1 Comand C1 Comand C2 B Command computation: ► Matlab Simulink ► Coupling block ► Feedback loop ► Data storage Teta Cur_PH2 Comand C1 Comand C2 RC1_1 RC1_2 RC2_1 RC2_2 curr BA1PL C curr BB1PL curr BC1PL Teta Cur_PH3 Comand C1 Comand C2 RD1_1 RD1_2 RD2_1 curr BE1PL RD2_2 Coupling with Flux2d2 curr BD1PL D Teta Cur_PH4 Comand C1 Comand C2 RE1_1 RE1_2 RE2_1 RE2_2 curr BF1PL E Teta Cur_PH5 Comand C1 Comand C2 RF1_1 RF1_2 RF2_1 RF2_2 Curr E1 F teta2 1 mod Periode z -1 .

01 0.01 0.01 t [s] t [s] 0.8 0.02 0 1 2 3 4 t [s] 5 6 7 x 10 8 -3 [Nm] Torque [A] Current Current [A] 1 50 0.1 0.7 0.005 0.9 x 10 1 8 -3 -50 -100 0 0 ► 0 1 2 3 4 t [s] 5 6 7 x 10 8 -3 t [s] t [s] Torque [Nm] Current [A] 0 0 0.5 .015 0.9 x 10 1 8 -3 Torque [Nm] Current [A] 0.01 0.02 1 2 3 5 6 x 10 -3 Torque [Nm] Current [A] Torque [Nm] 50 0 -50 0.1 1 0.01 t [s] 0.3 0.1 0.02 0.01 t [s] t [s] 0.005 0.015 0.005 0.015 0.01 0.01 0.2 2 0.015 0.8 7 0.005 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.4 0.9 7 1 8 0.7 6 0.015 0.6 5 0.02 Torque [Nm] Current [A] 0 0 -100 -50 0 0 50 100 0 0 -50 -100 0 0 100 50 0 0 -100 -50 0 0 50 100 0 0 0.1 1 0.02 0 1 2 3 4 t [s] 5 6 7 x 10 8 -3 Torque [Nm] Current [A] Current [A] 1 50 0.8 7 0.005 0.015 0.01 0.01 0.3 3 0.2 0.015 0.01 t [s] t [s] 0.5 4 t [s] 0.4 0.6 0.02 Torque [Nm] 0 1 2 3 4 t [s] 5 6 7 x 10 8 -3 ue [Nm] 1 0.5 0 0 -50 0 0 0.005 0.7 0.02 0.005 0.8 0.02 Current [A] 100 50 1 50 0.015 0.015 0.005 0.015 0.015 0.01 t [s] 0.02 0.005 0.5 4 t [s] 0.5 4 t [s] 0.01 t [s] t [s] 0.02 Current [A] 100 50 1 50 0.6 0.4 0.005 0.02 0.Current [A] Current [A] 50 0 -50 50 0 -50 0 0.02 0.005 0.01 0.005 0.7 6 0.005 0.5 0 0 -500 0 50 0 -50 0.015 0.3 0.6 5 0.005 0.5 0 0 -50 0 0 50 0 -50 ► ► ► t [s] t [s] 0.9 1 8 ► Normal operation One channel fault One phase fault Two channel fault Two channel fault Torque [Nm] Current [A] -100 -500 0 50 100 0 0 -50 -1000 0 100 50 0 0 -100 -50 0 0 50 100 0 0 -50 -100 0 0 100 0 Torque [Nm] t [s] t [s] 1 2 3 5 6 7 x 10 -3 [Nm] Torque [A] Current Torque [Nm] 50 0 -50 0.02 0.3 3 0.02 0.01 0.015 0.005 0.2 0.015 0.02 0.01 0.005 0.015 0.4 0.02 0.02 0 1 2 3 4 t [s] 5 6 7 x 10 8 -3 Results Torque [Nm] Torque [Nm] 100 0 -100 50 0 -50 of simulation 0 1 2 3 4 t [s] 5 6 7 x 10 8 -3 0 0.01 0.5 0 0 -500 0 0.2 2 0.5 4 t [s] 0.01 t [s] t [s] 0.005 0.02 0.005 0.

79 (69.69%) 33.19%) .21 (100%) 49.04%) 35.36 (63.Results of simulation Studied cases Mean torques [N·m] and percentage of the rated torque 52.27 (67.59 (98.16 (81.71%) 13.03%) 19.55%) Healthy case Faulty case 1 12/8 SRM topology Faulty case 2 Faulty case 3 Faulty case 4 Healthy case Faulty case 1 12/14 SRM topology Faulty case 2 Faulty case 3 Faulty case 4 46.10 (94.29%) 16.28 (96.31 (88.93 (100%) 19.89%) 19.

but has the disadvantages of higher manufacture costs Further researches will concern the fault-tolerance some special SRM topologyes .Conclusions ► ► ► There are significant differences between the behaviour of the two machine structures in faulty operation The 12/14 structure has the advantages of better performance regarding malfunction and lower losses.