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1700 – 1914 By: Shahan Arshad

but not all. Evolution rather than Revolution Gradual changes adopted in every sector France already had crafts and even industries. Some sectors experienced a revolution e. Everything did not have to start from scratch. cotton industry.    .g.

   1760 to 1790: rapid and brilliant beginning. New techniques imported from England England and France not so far apart at this period .

  1790 to 1815: The slow down French Revolution! .

    War. which hindered development. steadily decreasing inflation More investments in real estate and property France did not have a good source of coal. Economy relied on handmade items. . Government protected these industries. disorder.

State helped in development by giving subsidies . Development of roads. Guizot law of 1833 also established schools to boost literacy levels. Profit oriented society Guizot‟s slogan “make yourself rich”. canals and railways by the government.       1815 to 1850: resumed industrialization Due to return of peace.

porcelain etc. France was known for its specialization in luxury goods e.g. gloves.      1850 – 1870: spread of industrial efforts Unification of the home market by railway Use of new technology in metallurgy Development of foreign competition State‟s policies favored industrialists and businessmen Britain mass produced middle quality items. silk. .

9% 1845 – 1854: 1.61% 3% if you only take „dynamic‟ industries .8% Crouzet 1815 – 1913: 1.4% 1835 – 1844: 1.       Marczewski 1815 -1825: 2.

steady and solid instead of sudden. France had a larger pool of workers. Still remained second biggest exporter of manufactured goods. Industrialization was protracted.    Industrialization was slow because people were not quick to migrate to towns from countryside. .

Japan and Russia Effects seen even today in comparison of former colonies . US.   Started out at same level with England in 1700 Outpaced by England. Germany.

religion. politically influential Unsatisfied workers Society and traditional values instead of pride in technical expertise Society favors the state. .     Numerous peasantry. authority and submission France did not achieve homogeneity in its society.