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# Similitude, Dimensional Analysis, and Modeling

## Similitude,Dimensional analysis, and modeling

Think of the variables, that affect the pressure drop in a unit length of pipe?

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## Correlation of Experimental Data

Dimensional analysis greatly facilitates the efficient handling, interpretation, and correlation of experimental data. If only one pi term is involved in a problem, it must be equal to a constant.

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## Similitude,Dimensional analysis, and modeling

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For problems involving only two pi terms, results of an experiment can be conveniently presented in a simple graph.

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## Similitude,Dimensional analysis, and modeling

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For problems involving more than two or three pi terms, it is often necessary to use a model to predict specific characteristics.

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## Modeling and Similitude

An engineering model is used to predict the behavior of the physical system of interest A model is a representation of a physical system that may be used to predict the behavior of the system in some desired respect. The physical system for which the predictions are to be made is called the prototype. Prototype can also be termed as a full scale experimental system, (thus a model). Theory of Models
7.9

If

then

or

then with the presumption that the form of function (phi) is the same for model and prototype, it follows that
Above equation is the desired prediction equation and indicates that the measured value of obtained with the model will be equal to the corresponding for the prototype as long as the other pi terms are equal. The conditions specified by Eqs. 7.9 provide the model design conditions, also called similarity requirements or modeling laws.
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Modeling Laws
Model design conditions is also called similarity requirements or modeling laws. It includes following: (a) Geometric similarity (b) Dynamic similarity (c) Kinematic similarity ----(Achieved by ensuring a&b)

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## Some Typical Model Studies

(a) Flow Through Closed Conduits (b) Flow around immersed bodies Flow Through Closed Conduits Examples of this type of flow include pipe flow and flow through valves, fittings, and metering devices. Geometric and Reynolds number similarity is usually required for models involving flow through closed conduits.
General formulation for such cases
Geometric similarity
Reynolds number similarity

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