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RS-449 Serial Interface Standards

RS-449 Interface
It specifies a 37-pin primary connector (DB37) and a 9-pin secondary connector (DB9) for a total of 46 pins It provides more functions It has faster data transmission rates

It spans greater distance than the RS-232 interface.

It is essentially an updedated version of the RS-232 interface except the RS449 standard outlines only the mechanical and functional specifications of the interface.

Its primary cable is for serial data transmission while the secondary cable is for diagnostic information.

RS-449 Pin Designations (37-Pin Connector)

Pin # 1 19 37 20 28 15 12, 30 11, 29 4, 22 6, 24 17, 35 5, 23 8, 26 Shield Signal Send Common Receive Common Terminal In Service Incoming Call Terminal Ready Data Mode Send Data Receive Data Terminal Timing Send Timing Receive Timing Pin Name Signal Name None SG SC RC IS IC TR DM SD RD TT ST RT Pin # 7, 25 9, 27 Pin Name Request To Send Clear To Send Signal Name RS CS

13, 31
33 34 16

Receive Ready
Signal Quality New Signal Select Frequency


10 14 18

Signal Rate Indicator

Local Loopback Remote Loopback Test Mode


36 3, 21

Select Standby
Standby Indicator Unused/Spare Pin

SB None

RS-449 Pin Designations (9-Pin Connector)

Pin # 1 5 Shield Signal Ground Pin Name Signal Name None SG

2 3 4 7 8 6

Send Common
Receive Common Secondary Send Data Secondary Receive Data Secondary Request To Send Secondary Clear To Send Secondary Receiver Ready


The primary goal for the new specification of RS-449

1. Compatibility w/ the RS-232 interface standard 2. Replace the set of circuit names and mnemonics used w/ the RS-232 interface 3. Provide separate cables and connectors for the primary and secondary data channels

4. Provide single-ended or balanced transmission

5. Reduce crosstalk between signal wires 6. Offer higher data transmission rates 7. Offer longer distances over twisted-pair cables 8. Provide loopback capabilities 9. Improve performance and reliability 10. Specify a standard connector

The primary objective of the RS-449 interface standard was to maintain compatibility with the RS-232 interface standard. To achieve this, the EIA divided RS449 into two categories
Category I
Include only circuits that are compatible with the RS-232 standard Category I circuits are allotted two adjacent wires for each RS-232 compatible signal w/c facilitates either balanced or unbalanced operation.

Category II
The remaining circuits are classified in this category Category II circuits are assigned only one wire and can facilitate only unbalanced specifications.

RS-449 Category 1 and Category II CIrcuits

Category I SD RD TT ST RT RS CS RR TR Send Data (4, 22) Receive Data (6, 24) Terminal Timing (17, 35) Send Timing (5, 23) Receive Timing (8, 26) Request To Send (7, 25) Clear To Send (9,27) Receiver Ready (13, 31) Terminal Ready (12, 30) SC RC IS NS SF LL RL TM SS SB

Category II
Send Common (37) Receive Common (20) Terminal In Service (28) New Signal (34) Select Frequency (16) Local Loopback (10) Remote Loopback (14) Test Mode (18) Select Standby (32) Standby Indicator (36)


Data Mode (11, 29)

The RS-449 interface provides 10 circuits not specified in the RS-232 standard:
1. LOCAL LOOPBACK (LL pin10) used by the DTE to request a local (analog) loopback from the DCE 2. REMOTE LOOPBACK (RL pin 14) used by the DTE to request a remote (digital) loopback from the distant DCE 3. SELECT FREQUENCY (SF, pin 16) allows the DTE to select the DCEs transmit and receive frequencies. 4. TEST MODE (TM, pin 18) used by the DTE to signal the DCE that a test is in progress. 5. RECEIVE COMMON (RC, pin 20) common return wire for unbalanced signals propagating from the DCE to the DTE. 6. TERMINAL IN SERVICE (IS, pin 28) used by the DTE to signal the DCE whether it is operational 7. SELECT STANDBY (SS, pin 32) used by the DTE to request that the DCE switch to standby equipment in the event of a failure on the primary equipment. 8. NEW SIGNAL (NS, pin 34) used with a modem at the primary location of a multipoint data circuit so that the primary can resynchronize to whichever secondary is transmitting at the time. 9. STATNDBY INDICATOR (SB, pin 36) intended to be by the DCE as a response to the SS signal to notify the DTE that standby equipment has replaced the primary equipment

10. SEND COMMON (SC, pin 37) common return wire for unbalanced signals propagating from the DTE to the DCE.

Thank you for listening!