# Have you ever stopped to look at a car accident?

When you look at a car accident you are looking at the results of the Forces of Motion around us. Newton’s Laws of Motion

REVIEW

First we need to define the word FORCE:
• The cause of motion (what causes objects to move) • Two types of forces
– Pushes – Pulls

REVIEW • SI unit of force • Symbol: N • Measured by using a spring scale Forces are measured in Newtons .

REVIEW Forces may be balanced or unbalanced • Balanced forces – all forces acting on an object are equal – There is NO MOTION • Unbalanced forces – one or more forces acting on an object are stronger than others – There is MOTION • A NET FORCE .

Force & Mass • Third Law – Action-Reaction .Newton’s Laws • First Law – Inertia • Second Law – Acceleration.

Law # 1: Every object at rest remains at rest and every object in motion continues moving in a straight line at a steady rate unless a force acts it on. Can you tell me how this principle applies to car accidents? . This is the principle of inertia.

First Law • Inertia & Mass – Mass is the amount of matter in an object. http://toons. the more INERTIA the object has.com .artie. – Bigger objects are harder to start & stop. – The more MASS an object has.

Law # 2 The amount of force needed to change the speed of an object depends on the mass of the object and the amount of acceleration (or deceleration) needed. Can you tell me how this law applies to car accidents? . This is the principle of accelerated motion.

Second Law • Acceleration & Force – The more force placed on an object. the more it will accelerate [change its motion]. . the more force it takes to accelerate the object. • Acceleration & Mass – The more mass [or inertia] an object has.

Second Law Force = Mass x Acceleration Example: A 25 g object with an acceleration of 4 m/s2 will have a force of ______ Newtons. .

Law # 3 For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. When an object is pushed or pulled by a force in one direction. called action-reaction pairs. another force pushes or pulls on it with equal strength from the opposite direction. How does this law apply to car accidents? . Forces come in pairs.

Third Law • Action – Reaction – Forces are always produced in pairs with opposite directions & equal strengths. – For every force there is an equal and opposite force. .

you exert a force on the ball and the ball exerts a force on you.) . The harder you kick the bigger the force on you (kicking REALLY hard might hurt.Third Law • Action – Reaction – Action – Reaction Forces act on different objects… • When you kick a soccer ball.

Third Law .

.Which Law? A swimmer pushes water back with her arms. but her body moves forward.

.

Which Law? A frog leaping upward off his lily pad is pulled downward by gravity and lands on another lily pad instead of continuing on in a straight line. .

.

it goes faster. as you give it more gas.Which Law? After you start up your motorcycle. .

.

.Which Law? A pitched baseball goes faster than one that is gently thrown.

.

.Which Law? When you paddle a canoe. the canoe goes forward.

.

.Which Law? As an ice skater pushes harder with his leg muscles. he begins to move faster.

.

. the sled kept moving and hit her in the back of her legs.Which Law? A little girl who has been pulling a sled behind her in the snow is crying because When she stopped to tie her hat on.

.

D. . B. C.All about Forces! A.