LOCATION & LOCATION DEVICES

Degree of Freedom
• Degrees of Freedom (DOF) are the set of independent displacements and/or rotations that specify completely the displaced or deformed position and orientation of the body or system.

in conjunction with the clamping system. completely constrain the workpiece. or eliminate as many of the six degrees of freedom as necessary for the operation to be completed with the required accuracy .Purpose of locating system The locating system must.

and upon the workpiece before the operation .The choice of locating system • The requirements of the locating system depend upon the operation being performed.

The choice of locating system • • • When there is a choice of location points the most effective location system must be selected The cylinder is the best location shape The ease of loading and unloading the workpiece must also be considered .

Redundant Location • • A redundant location is said to exist when two locators are attempting to constrain one freedom from two location points It must be avoided .

The Six Point (3-2-1) Location Principle .

The Six Point (3-2-1) Location Principle .

fitted into existing holes on the workpiece. occasionally. in order to minimize damage to the workpiece due to potentially highpressure contact points.g.Locators • • For the best possible accuracy. Although point contact would yield best positioning accuracy. rough surfaces). Locators are manufactured separately from the main body of the workholding device (e.. most locators have planar contact surfaces. Locators should not be mounted directly on the machine tool’s table but on the workholding device’s body. They are normally fabricated to exact specifications as fixed dimension components or as adjustable height locators Locators may be placed on the periphery of the object or underneath it and. which is subsequently secured onto the machine tool’s table • • • • . locators should contact the workpiece on its most accurate surfaces (versus unmachined. a mounting plate) using toolquality-hardness steel for minimum wear.

Types of Locators • Locators may be classified as: a) Flat b) Cylindrical c) Conical d) Vee • They may be fixed or adjustable according to the circumstances .

Flat Locators • Flat locators control the workpiece from flat surfaces or from its profile by means of pads or pins .

Flat Locators .

Flat Locators .

.Cylindrical Locators • Cylindrical location is the most common method because it is most effective.

Cylindrical Locators .

.Conical Locators • Conical locators are used to locate the workpiece from a tapered hole or shaft. and when applied in this manner are similar to location posts and pots.

.Cylindrical Locators In Combination • • When the second locator is to engage with a cylindrical location feature. particular care must be taken to avoid redundant location Figure below shows the shape of the second locator so that it will only influence the position of the workpiece along AA.

Vee Locators • • Vee locators are used to locate from cylindrical or part cylindrical profiles They may be fixed or sliding .

Vee Locators .

Vee Locators .

Vee Locators .