WARM UP

PHRASES Can I take pictures? Keep quiet. Don’t stop keep moving Please pay attention We’d better get going. See you in an hour We’ll meet back here in two hours. Would you like to make a complaint ? We can keep your valuables in the safe I have reserve a room at a hotel. Is there WI-FI available? Did you give a tip? Watch your step

PASSIVE VOICE
114

Subject

+

auxiliary + past participle + complement

The best coffee That church These jeans The table

is grown in Colombia was built in 1720 were made in USA was made by the carpenter

Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known; however, who or what is performing the action.

ACTIVE VOICE Subject + verb + complement Farmers in Colombia grow the best coffee. Fernando Botero has painted many pictures My best friend will prepare a delicious dish.

PASSIVE VOICE Subject + auxiliary (be) + past participle + complement

The best coffee is grown in Colombia.

Many pictures have been painted by Fernando Botero A delicious fish will be prepared by my best friend.

The door was opened by Tom This house was built by German architects Mice are eaten by cats Colombian Coffee is imported by American Companies

That concert was organized by a Social Institution These books were corrected by a famous writer
*Note that we always use by to introduce the passive object *

There are some impersonal constructions where passive voice is used. It is reported (Se informa); It is said (Se dice); It is known (Se sabe); It is supposed (Se supone); It is considered (Se considera); It is expected (Se espera); It is thought (Se considera); it is believed (se cree)

Examples:
ACTIVE:

Everybody thinks Angie lives in a big house. PASSIVE 1: Angie is thought to live in a big house. (Se piensa que Angie...) PASSIVE 2: It is thought that Angie lives in a big house. (Se piensa que Angie...)
ACTIVE:

They believe Juan is working very hard. PASSIVE 1: Juan is believed to be working very hard. (Se cree que...) PASSIVE 2: It is believed that Juan is working very hard. (Se cree que...)

VERBALS IN PASSIVE STRUCTURES / PASSIVE GERUNDS / PASSIVE PARTICIPLES Verbal’s or verb forms can also take on features of the passive voice.

Infinitive phrase in the passive voice can perform various functions within a sentence; same is

INFINITIVE PHRASE Subject (ACTIVE): To be elected by my peers is a great honor. Object (PASSIVE): That child really likes to be read to by her mother. Modifier (PARTICIPAL PHRASE): Grasso was the first woman to be elected governor in her own PASSIVE GERUNDS

Subject (ACTIVE): Being elected by my peers was a great thrill. Object (PASSIVE): I really don't like being lectured to by my boss. Object (PASSIVE) of preposition: I am so tired of being lectured to by my boss. PASSIVE GERUNDS Having been elected to the board of education made me an active member. Omit (having been) Elected

Do the activity
Ana orders two brochures The two brochures __ are_____ ____ _ ordered by Ana Ana is ordering two brochures The two brochures __ ___ ____ ___ ordered by Ana Ana has ordered two brochures The two brochures __ ___ ____ ___ ordered by Ana Ana ordered two brochures The two brochures __ _______ ____ _ ordered by Ana Ana was ordering two brochures The two brochures __ _______ ____ _ ordered by Ana Ana had ordered two brochures The two brochures __ _______ ____ _ ordered by Ana Ana will order two brochures The two brochures __ ______ ____ __ ordered by Ana Ana will be ordering two brochures The two brochures __ ______ ____ __ ordered by Ana Ana will have ordered two brochures The two brochures __ are___ ____ __ ordered by Ana