• Romania is the perfect land of contrasts and paradoxes: the country of Constantin Brancusi, Eugene Ionesco, Emil Cioran

, Mircea Eliade, and Nadia Comaneci, but also of Dracula and Nicolae Ceausescu. The Old World of Romania is a vast museum of ancient heritage and still alive even if only through its famous painted churches and monasteries, its folk art, or its feudal castles in the Carpathian Mountains. The New World may be embodied by the Parliament Palace and the subway network in Bucharest, or by the Western styles of life adopted by Romania's townsfolk.

• • The Romanian are was populated in the Ancient Times by Greek– like or Geto dacians-like people . For the first time they where mentioned by the Greek historian. Herodotus .who appreciated them and said that they where “the bravest and the right of all Tracs” .

being the only Roman people from the East-Europe. on their name. . namely the Geto-Dacians. conscience and culture. with a minor Slavic adjustment. The Romanian people's formation relied on two basic ethnic elements. who superposed. • The intense process of Romanization stamped a lasting mark on the language of the Romanian people.• Romanian people are of latin orgin like Italians. and the Romans.French.

.This was a important reason for the Otoman Empire to stop conquering the Centre of the Europe .Moldova and Tara Romaneasca.Vlad Tepes (Dracula).for two centuries .During the Middle Age Romanian lived divided in three states:Transilvania.Otoman Empire .a “Christian Gate” .Poland. Their teritory was the cause of different fightings among the neighbours such as Hungary. Because of the victories against the Otoman Empire Romanian States succeeded to be .Russia and Austria.Stephan the Grave and Michael the Brave. The rules who obtained the most important victories where :Mircea the Old .

.Cuza(native from Barlad and our High School is named after him).The first step to eliminate the politic devision was the Principality Union of Moldova and Muntenia in 1859 under the leading of Al.I. Cuza was the first ruller who developed the Romanian society and his aim was bring at the same level Romanian and European institutions.

synthesising the aspirations of the Romanian people. Romania's independence was further consolidated by the country's military involvement. with foreign minister Mihail Kogalniceanu making the decision known to the world. proclaimed independence. 1877. alongside Russia and the Balkan peoples. the Assembly of Deputies. A Romanian army crossed the Danube and participated in the siege of Pleven and Vidin .1878. in the anti-Ottoman war of 1877 .• On May 9.

Bucovina. Basarabia) . • At the end of World War I Romania remade its national teritory by the union with Romanian teritories under Russian and Austrian leading (Transilvania.• In 1918. Romania's political unity. based on the principles of peoples' right to selfdetermination. was completed.

as the big totalitarian powers broke her territorial integrity. while Germany and Italy decided by the Vienna Award that the Northern part of Transylvania be ceded by Romania to Hungary. Southern part of Dobrogea. in the wake of ultimatums addressed to the Romanian Government. In 1940. the Soviet Union occupied Basarabia and the North of Bucovina. the outbreak of the Second World War (1939) seriously hit Romania. was ceded to Bulgaria. .• The deterioration of international situation. The Kadrilater.

In 1951. But in the 1960s. five year plans were introduced to develop industry and agriculture. Ceausescu's regime slowly dragged the Romanians into an economic. dominated by Ceausescu's family. The populace was controlled by the secret police (Securitate) and the government. Nicolae Ceausescu. mines. social and moral deadlock. Soviet-style nationalisation and collectivisation followed the communist take-over. Romania entered the network of Soviet satellite countries. squandered much of the nation's remaining wealth on megalomaniac constructions and feasts. Industrial entreprises. • . the Communist Party of Romania began to implement a foreign policy independent of Soviet goals.• After 1948. For nearly 25 years. under the leadership of Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej and his successor. banks and transport facilities became subject to a planned economy.

when the Romanian army joined the uprising against him.• • When communist regimes across Eastern Europe fell in 1989. All these things and many more heightened popular discontent and triggered the forced overthrow of the dictatorial regime in December 1989. He was arrested by the new provisional government. however. Ceausescu fled. In mid-December of that year. The revolution from 1989 represented the begining of a slow proces but also followed by the hardships of transition to democracy an to market economy. antigovernment demonstrations erupted in the country's cities. tried and executed (December 25. . 1989). Ceausescu resisted the trend and reassessed his unpopular policies. and.

And make all the efforts to integrate in European structures.• • • • • • • Today the Romanian society is considered to have appropriated most of the democratic values . .O. In 2003 . It has a functional market.Romania was accepted in N.A.T. The political parties alternate to govern country A formed civil society The norms of the Law State are respected. The legislative system is according to a democratic society.

during 1896-1914. . Peles Castle is one of Romania's most important museums in the country since it was the final resting place for several Romanian monarchs including King Carol I. The building of the castle begin in 1873 under the direct order of the Viennese architect Wilhem Doderer and was continued in 1876 by his assistant. During 1877-1879 because of the war they abandoned work. a small castle with 70 rooms. 1883. Johann Schultz de Lemberg. Pelisor. That's why the castle was inaugurated only on October 7. Karel Liman added.• • Located in Sinaia (44 km from Brasov). To the initial castle the Czech architect. who died here in 1914.