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Architectural Structures 1 & 2 Group 4

A curvature along the edge of a wood piece, measured at the point of greatest deviation, form a straight line from end to end of a piece.

A warp resulting from the turning of the edges of a wood piece in opposite directions.

The presence of bark or absence of wood at a corner or along an edge of a piece.

An area on the surface of a board or panel missed by a planning machine.

A surface charring caused by overheating of the cutting blades or abrasive belts during shaping or finishing of a material.

The term applied to wood after it is sawed or sliced into boards, planks, sticks, etc. for commercial purposes.

Lumber that is sawn, edged and trimmed, but not sufaced.

Lumber that is surfaced with a planning machine to attain a smooth surface and uniform size.

Of or pertaining to a dressed lumber having a moisture content exceeding 19% at the time of manufacture.

Of or pertaining to a dressed lumber having a moisture content of 19% or less at the time of manufacture.

Of or pertaining to lumber that has been dried to reduce its moisture content and improve its serviceability.

The dimension of lumber before drying and surfacing, used for convenience in defining size and computing quantity. Nominal sizes are always written without inch marks. Also called nominal size.

The dimension of lumber after seasoning and surfacing, from 3/8 to inches (9.5 mm to 19.1 mm) less than the nominal dimension. A dressed size is always written with inch marks. Also called Dressed Dimension.

S1S- Surfaced on one side S2S- Surfaced on two sides S4S- Surface on four sides S1E- Surfaced on the edge S2E- Surfaced on two edges S1S1E- Surfaced on one side and on one edge

The classification of lumber on regard to strength and utility in accordance with the grading rules of an approved lumber grading.

Softwood lumber intended for general building purposes, including boards, dimension lumber and timbers.

Yard lumber less than 2 in. (51 mm)thick and 2 in . or more wide.

Yard number from 2 inches to 4 inches (51 mm to 102 mm) thick and 2 inches or more wide

Dimension lumber 2 inches to 4 inches (51mm to 102mm)thick and 2 inches to 4 inches wide, intended for use where high strength values are not required.

Dimension lumber 2 inches to 4 inches (51mm to 102mm)thick and 4 inches or more wide graded primarily to bending strength when loaded on the wide face.

Structural lumber of rectangular cross section, from 2 inches to 4 inches(51mm to 102mm) thick and more than 4 inches (102mm) wide, graded primarily with respect to bending strength when loaded either on the narrow face as a joist or in the wide face as a plank.