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A schedule of internal finishes listing floor by floor and room by room the ceiling, wall and floor finishes and decorations is an invaluable aid to the measurement of this section of the work. Details of cornices, skirtings, dados, etc. Can be added to the schedule as required. The schedule provides a useful quick reference indicating what has been taken without one having to look through the dimensions.

Floor finishes and screeds (with floor construction) Ceiling finishes (beams with the same finish) Isolated beams Wall finishes (columns with the same finish) Isolated columns Cornices Dados Skirtings

Generally, no deduction is made for voids within the area of the work when they do not exceed 0.5 m2 Rounded internal and external angles exceeding 10mm but not exceeding 100mm radius to in situ finishes are measured as linear items. The radius exceeds 100mm the work becomes curved.

A. B. C.

In situ sheet and tile finishings all have to be described as follows : Level or to falls less than 150 To falls and crossfalls less than 150 To slopes more than 150 No deduction is made for voids not exceeding 0.5m2 within the areas of the work. Work in staircase areas and plant rooms has to be so described. Skirtings are usually measured with internal finishes, as their length relates to that of the walls. It should be remembered that dividing strips may be required where the finish changes.

Mat frames and mat wells should be measured with floor finishes. Care should be taken to ascertain the thickness of screeds where the floor finishes vary, differing finishes may have varying thicknesses, requiring the screed to take up the difference. Timber boarding, plywood or chipboard to floors is measured superficial unless it does not exceed 300mm wide. Areas not exceeding 1m2 are enumerated. No deduction is made for voids not exceeding 0.5m2 within the area of the flooring.

Ceiling areas are taken from wall to wall in each room using the figured structural dimensions. The application of bonding agents or other preparatory work is described with the plasterwork. Plasterboard linings to ceilings are measured in square metre.

Angle Beads, etc

Metal angle, casing and movement beads are measured as linear items. Sizes are given in the description but working finishes to beads deemed included.

In the case of wall finishings it is best to total on waste the perimeters of all rooms having the same height and finish. In the case of the measurement of walls, openings are generally ignored, the wall finish being measured across. Deductions for openings together with work to reveals would be taken later with the measurement of windows, doors and blank openings.

Wallpaper in one or two rooms, it is usually more satisfactory to measure the whole as emulsion in the first instant and then to deduct the emulsion and add wallpaper for the appropriate area. Isolated paintwork where the girth does not exceed 300mm or where the area does not exceed 0.5m2 is measured linear or enumerated, respectively. Paintwork to walls, ceilings, beams and columns is described as work to general surfaces and, if the same, can be added together in the bill. Work to ceilings and beams exceeding 3.5m above floor level has, to be described in stages of 1.5m.

Both in situ and prefabricated types are measured the length in contact with the base, using the length already calculated for the perimeter of the walls. Ends, angles and intersections are enumerated as extra over the items. Paintwork to cornices does not have to be kept separate if it is the same as that to the walls or ceilings.


Timber skirtings are measured linear, usually using structural wall face dimensions, but care will have to be exercised with measurements to isolated piers, etc. The size and shape of the skirting and method of fixing if specified are given in the description but mitres, ends and intersections are deemed included except when in hardwood of more than 0.003m2 sectional area. In situ and tile skirtings are measured as linear items, stating the height and thickness in the description. Fair and rounded edges are deemed to be included, as are ends and angles.


There may be a cement and sand screed behind the tiling, with the tiles either bedded in mortar or fixed with adhesive. If there is a mixture of wall tiling and plaster finish on a wall, it is usually necessary for the back of the tiles to be flush with the face of the plaster. The rules for measurement of tiling follow closely those for in situ finishes but attention is drawn to the paragraph on headed Generally relating to measurements.


Work in staircase areas has to be kept separate and the rules relating to the height of the work do not apply. The surveyor has to use his or her discretion and decide the subdivision. This decision should be passed on to the estimator by way of the bill so that later there is no argument.


Open spaced grounds over 300mm wide are measured superficial, stating their size, spacing and fixing. Plasterboard dry linings are measured linear, station the height in stages of 300mm in the description. Internal and external angles are measured as linear items.