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Camera Basics

Do you have a camera?

What kind of camera is it? Why do you take photographs?

Types of Cameras
Film (Analog) Cameras Digital Cameras

Film (Analog) Camera

A film camera is made of three basic elements:

1. Optical (the lens) 2. Chemical (the film) 3. Mechanical (the camera body)

The three elements combine to create a printable image.

Two Types of Film Cameras

Point and Shoot (P&S)

The viewfinder provides a rough idea of what is in view, but not the real image.
Great for capturing memories

Single Lens Reflex (SLR)

You see the actual image that will be exposed onto the film.
Great for capturing images with real impact

Provides more control and better images than P&S.

SLR Demonstration

Digital Camera Description

A digital camera records images electronically using a built in processor. Has a lens like an analog camera
BUT, the lens refracts light onto computer chips rather than film.

Similar features to film counterparts Relies on electronic processing and storage

Digital Camera - Pixels

Images are stored as a collection of tiny squares or pixels.

Pixels = picture elements

Digital Camera - Image Resolution

Resolution: number of pixels captured by the image sensor.

Higher Resolution Image 300 ppi

Lower Resolution Image 72 ppi

Typical Camera Resolutions

640x480 - This is the low end on most "real" cameras. This resolution is ideal for e-mailing pictures or posting pictures on a Web site.

1600x1200 - With almost 2 megapixels, this is "high resolution." You can print a 4x5 inch print taken at this resolution with the same quality that you would get from a photo lab.

2240x1680 - Found on 4 megapixel cameras -- the current standard -this allows even larger printed photos, with good quality for prints up to 16x20 inches. 4064x2704 - A top-of-the-line digital camera with 11.1 megapixels takes pictures at this resolution. At this setting, you can create 13.5x9 inch prints with no loss of picture quality.


Inside the camera lens is a system of blades which open and close to control the amount of light passing into the camera.

Depth of field

Shutter Speed
Fast Shutter Speeds are used to stop motion and will freeze the subject.

Slow Shutter Speeds can be used to portray movement or speed

Types of Digital Cameras

Point and Shoot (P&S)

Most feature LCD screens and advanced zoom lenses.

Can switch out lenses like an analog version Allows user an accurate preview of the photo subject.

Parts of a Camera
1. Electronic Viewfinder 2. Speaker 3. Monitor Button 4. Zoom 5. Monitor 6. Playback Button 7. Button 8. Multi Selector 9. Delete 10. Button 11. Tripod Socket 12. Battery Chamber Cover 13. Battery chamber 14. Memory Card Slot

Stylus Tough

Camera Parts Front

Camera Parts Top & Bottom

Bottom View

Top View

Camera Monitor View

Camera Side Views

Monitor Functions

Monitor Display
1. Battery Check 2. Tap Control 3. Shooting Mode 4. Flash 8. White Balance 9. ISO Setting 16. Compression 17. Image Size 18. Number of storage Pictures

19. Current Memory

26. Camera Shake Warning 27. Aperture Value 28. Shutter Speed

How to use a camera

Getting your camera ready

1. 2. 3.


Remove the lens cap if necessary and set the mode dial. Turn on the camera. Check the battery levels and number of exposures or images you have room to capture. Apply any necessary additional settings to ensure quality while taking photos.

Taking the photo

1. 2. 3.


Ready the camera including stabilize the camera to minimize movement. Frame the picture. Press the shutter release button half way to automatically focus the camera. Depress the shutter release button to capture the image.

Viewing and Transferring Photos

Review the photos you have taken. Download the images to your computer using the provided cable or a card reader.

Lets Review: Types of Cameras

What is the difference between ANALOG and DIGITAL cameras?

The main differences between the two are found in the technical aspect of creating the photo; film uses a chemical reaction to create the image on the film, whereas a digital camera uses a series of mirrors to reflect the image on a digital storage chip.

Lets Review: Exposure

What are the 3 things that control exposure to light.

ISO setting, Aperture and Shutter Speed

What is the aperture and how is it measured?

The aperture is a system of blades which
open and close to control the amount of light passing into the camera and is measured in FStops.

Lets Review: Camera Parts

Do you remember each of the parts?

Lets Review: Taking a Photo

What is the first step to getting your camera ready?

Remove the lens cap (if necessary) and set the mode dial.

What happens if you do not stabilize your camera before taking a picture?
Your picture will not be as clear as it could have been.