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Cerebral Palsy

http://noahsmiracle.blogspot.com/2012/09/world-cerebralpalsy-day.html

Objectives
Provide and overview of Cerebral Palsy(CP) to include testing, signs, symptoms, ways to manage, and support groups.

How Much Do You Already Know?


Answer True or False to the following statements: 1. Cerebral Palsy is curable. 2. Cerebral Palsy is non progressive. 3. Cerebral Palsy is a chronic condition.

Check Your Answers:


Cerebral Palsy is curable. False- Cerebral Palsy is not curable but can be managed. Cerebral Palsy is non progressive. True- CP is not progressive because it occurs from one time incident that created brain damage. Cerebral Palsy is a chronic condition. True- CP is a permanent condition and incurable and therefore effects are long term.

What is Cerebral Palsy? Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a loss or impairment of motor function generally caused by abnormal brain development or brain injury sustained before, during or right after childbirth. Cerebral Palsy is a non-progressive condition as the in the injury sustained to the brain is permanent, but not degenerative. Cerebral Palsy is a lifelong condition that is not life threatening nor contagious or curable.

Statistics
Over 700,000 children and adults have Cerebral Palsy Each year an average of 10,000 babies are born with CP According to studies performed by Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), CP occurs in 2.3-3.6 out of every 1,000 children.

Risk Factors:
Having one or more of these factors may put the child at higher risk for CP. However it is possible for CP to occur without these factors present.
Asphyxia Infection in a fetus, newborn, or pregnant mother Complications of birth Premature birth Brain damage caused by Vacuum Extractors or forceps Multiple births and infertility treatments Intrauterine growth restriction Placenta problems Parental health and habits (age, height, weight, fitness, socio-economic factors, exposure to toxin, etc.) Blood type incompatibility or jaundice Fetal Growth Restriction and Inflammation

Possible Signs & Symptoms


Delayed in reaching growth milestones Seizures Sensory Impairment Learning disabilities Poor Fine and Gross motor skills and coordination Swallowing disorders Speech delay Cognitive delays

How To Treat Cerebral Palsy?


Cerebral Palsy is a permanent condition that cannot be cured or reverse, but instead managed. The goal is to provide the individual with maximum independence, least amount of pain, and overall the best quality of life possible with regards to the condition.

Possible Forms of Therapy


Physical therapy Aqua therapy Acupuncture Sensory integration therapy, Respiratory therapy, Speech and language therapy, Adaptive equipment, and Drug therapy.

Support
International Cerebral Palsy Society Cerebral Palsy International Research Foundation Surveillance of Cerebral Palsy in Europe My Child United Cerebral Palsy

Lets Review
True or False: Cerebral Palsy is temporary and curable. Name one of the support groups mentioned on previous slide. Name three ways CP can be managed.

References
Cerebral Palsy Organization. (2013). Retrieved from http://cerebralpalsy.org/ Kids Health. (2014). Retrieved from http://kidshealth.org/ Kuehn, B. (2013). Fetal Growth Restriction, Inflammation Linked to Cerebral Palsy. Journal of the American Medical Association, 122, 869-877. Stem Cell Therapy. (2013). Retrieved from http://wwwstemcell.net.in Taylor, R., Smiley, L, & Richards, S. (2009). Exceptional Students. Boston: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.