SOFTWARE PIRACY

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TERM PAPER PRESENTATION

BY
ASHRAF UDDIN South Asian University (Master of Computer Applications)

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Monday, April 23, 201223 April 2012

KEY ITEMS
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ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT? LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION

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ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY
copying and using commercial software purchased by someone else.  One purchase software, he is actually purchasing a license to use it, not the actual software.  loaning CDs, downloading or distributing pirated software from the Internet, or buying a single software program and then installing it -copyright infringement => software piracy

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A COMMON VIEW

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in/ .blogspot.KEY ITEMS              ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION http://ashrafsau.

 They used to invite people to see the low priced computer running various programs. MITS’ altair 8800 by Ed Roberts in 1975.in/ .blogspot.  http://ashrafsau.  Bill Gates and Paul Allen persuaded Roberts to license BASIC. a programming language from them.HISTORY OF SOFTWARE PIRACY The history of software piracy dates back almost to the invention of the consumer computer itself.  Someone then borrowed one of the paper tapes lying around.

.in/ Open Hobbyists accused the copiers of theft and declared that he could not continue developing computer software that people did not pay for.blogspot. urging recipients to make more copies.FIRST SOFTWARE PIRACY  Homebrew member Dan Sokol . after somehow obtaining a pre-market tape of the interpreter. he made 25 copies and distributed them at the next Homebrew meeting. Gates responded worded in 1976 Letter with to a strongly that http://ashrafsau.

KEY ITEMS              ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION http://ashrafsau.in/ .blogspot.

Hard Disk Loading 3.TYPES OF SOFTWARE PIRACY    1. Online Piracy .blogspot. OEM Unbundling 5. Soft Lifting http://ashrafsau. Renting    4.in/ 2. Counterfeiting 6.

in/ .  A common form of soft lifting involves purchasing a single licensed copy of software and then loading the software onto several computers  http://ashrafsau. Soft Lifting means sharing a program with someone who is not authorized by the license agreement to use it.blogspot.TYPES CONTINUED 1.  Also known as soft loading.

Hard Disk Loading   Often committed by hardware dealers this form of piracy involves loading an unauthorized copy of software onto a computer being sold to the end user. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.TYPES CONTINUED 2.in/  To attract customers .

The practice.TYPES CONTINUED 3. Renting  Renting involves someone renting out a copy of software for temporary use. violates the license agreement of software. without the permission of the copyright holder. similar to that of renting a video from Blockbuster.in/  . http://ashrafsau.blogspot.

http://ashrafsau. OEM Unbundling  means selling stand-alone software originally meant to be included with a specific accompanying product.in/  .TYPES CONTINUED 4. An example of this form of piracy is someone providing drivers to a specific printer without authorization.blogspot.

blogspot. http://ashrafsau. This involves providing the box. Counterfeiting  means producing fake copies of software.TYPES CONTINUED 5. CDs.in/  . making it look authentic. and manuals. all designed to look as much like the original product as possible.

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blogspot.  there are hundreds of thousands of "warez" sites providing unlimited downloads to any user.  .in/ The fastest-growing form of piracy is Internet piracy. Online Piracy http://ashrafsau.TYPES CONTINUED 6.

blogspot.in/ .KEY ITEMS              ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION http://ashrafsau.

in/ one  The CD/backup damaged…  Buy another!! Ridiculous!! .blogspot.WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY?   Expensive Availability   Not convenient to buy for each computer Ask to buy new version although having original http://ashrafsau.

KEY ITEMS              ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION http://ashrafsau.in/ .blogspot.

Subject to raid 4.in/ 3. Unusual sufferings . Lower productivity 2. Malware Infection http://ashrafsau.blogspot.EFFECTS ON USERS     1.

EFFECTS ON USERS………… 1.in/  that pirated software often includes incomplete or damaged programs . Lower productivity http://ashrafsau.blogspot.

EFFECTS ON USERS………… 2.blogspot.in/  Pirated software can also include computer viruses (malware) which can destroy data on a user’s hard drive. “Computer viruses can have a devastating impact on any computer user -. . Malware Infection http://ashrafsau.from the home user to a large business.

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.blogspot. Subject to raid http://ashrafsau.EFFECTS ON USERS………… 3.  An informant can initiate the process.in/  Companies can also be subject to raids by the SIIA (Software & Information Industry Association).

Most users hate dongles for a variety of reasons. each protected program requires an additional dongle. Unusual sufferings http://ashrafsau. Dongles can be troublesome to install and use since they often require a special hardware driver for dongles. which causes an unwieldy “pile” of connected dongles on the back of the PC.EFFECTS ON USERS………… 4.in/    copy protection can create a nightmare for users.blogspot. .

No access to bug fixes and maintenance releases.in/ .EFFECTS ON USERS………… Others    Usually no manuals.blogspot. http://ashrafsau. No access to support in many cases.

blogspot.in/ .KEY ITEMS              ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION http://ashrafsau.

 No initiative for new software development program.EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS  Software pirates can destroy the revenue stream of small companies. http://ashrafsau.in/  these small companies often become economically unstable.blogspot. .

in/ 112 566 280 1621 149 30 Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Others Total 86 71 39 45 41 80 88 86 55 143 119 125 440 182 421 96 202 11596 86 71 40 46 43 80 90 82 54 48 76 86 400 111 259 38 29 8050 .blogspot.Asia Pacific Piracy rate and Revenue Losses Overall piracy rate increased slightly but software revenue losses grew 44 percent last year ** Source: Business Software Alliance & IDC Asia Pacific 2006 Country Piracy rate (%) Australia China Hong Kong India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand 29 82 53 71 85 25 60 22 Revenue Losses ($M) 515 5429 180 1275 350 1781 289 49 Piracy rate (%) 31 86 54 72 87 28 60 23 Revenue Losses ($M) 361 3884 2005 http://ashrafsau.

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??????  Can a developer be beneficiary of software piracy? http://ashrafsau.in/ .blogspot.

http://ashrafsau. The company feel comfortable to use their software because human resource is more available.CAN A DEVELOPER BE BENEFICIARY OF SOFTWARE PIRACY? YES. .in/  Indirectly piracy makes manpower intelligent of using its software.blogspot.

blogspot.in/ .KEY ITEMS              ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION http://ashrafsau.

000 new high-tech jobs and generating roughly $32 billion in new tax revenues.blogspot.in/  . [Source: “BSA and IDC Global Piracy Software Study.” Business Software Alliance & IDC. May 2010)] http://ashrafsau. while adding nearly 500.REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH  A study finds that reducing the piracy rate for PC software by 10 percentage points in four years would create $142 billion in new economic activity — more than 80 percent accruing to local industries .

.in/ 25% of users who download software say they never pay for it. $5. including more than 111. June 2002) The loss to the economy has significant impact. May 2002) http://ashrafsau. (Source: IPSOS.” International Planning and Research Corp.5 billion in lost tax revenue. October 2002) .” International Planning and Research Corp. piracy cost the software industry an estimated $11 billion..000 jobs lost. (Source: “2009 Global Software Piracy Report.” IPSOS Public Affairs. May 2002) Last year. (Source: “Quantifying Online Downloading of Unlicensed Software – Survey of Internet Users.blogspot. (Source: “2001 State Software Piracy Study.SOFTWARE PIRACY: STATISTICS AND FACTS More than one third of adult Internet users say they have downloaded commercial software online without paying for all the copies they made.6 billion in lost wages and more than $1.

KEY ITEMS              ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION http://ashrafsau.in/ .blogspot.

Implement the WIPO Copyright Treaty http://ashrafsau. Increase Public Education and Awareness 2. Create Strong and Workable Enforcement Mechanisms as Required by TRIPS(trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights)   4. Lead by example . Step Up Enforcement with Dedicated Resources 5.blogspot.HOW TO REDUCE IT(1)    1.in/ 3.

Software Protection: Registration Codes 2. .blogspot. Media Protection One popular method involves using custom software drivers to deny copying of the media.HOW TO REDUCE IT(2)     1. Online Activation http://ashrafsau.in/ 3. Other methods introduce random errors into the media so copying doesn’t work.

KEY ITEMS              ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ .

distribution.LAWS & PENALTIES  Additional installation. Generally punishment as fine up to a huge amount. or reproduction of the software in ways that the license prohibits is a violation of http://ashrafsau.  Any person(s) practicing or participating in any of these illegal acts can be held liable. .   The laws varies over different regions.in/ federal copyright law.blogspot.

blogspot.in/ SOME ORGANIZATIONS .http://ashrafsau.

in/ .KEY ITEMS              ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION http://ashrafsau.blogspot.

manuals and license documentation.  When buying software.RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER to purchase only legitimate software products.blogspot. his money goes straight into the pockets of software pirates .  Buy from an authorized dealer  Check the prices and ask for itemized quotations and receipts  Call the software publisher  http://ashrafsau.  When one purchases illegal or counterfeit copies. it is necessary to be sure to get genuine disks.in/ .

in/ .KEY ITEMS              ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION http://ashrafsau.blogspot.

exclusive right to it.COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES   giving the creator of an original work.in/ copyright holder the right to be credited for the work. but also gives the http://ashrafsau. Generally. . But the immediate beneficiary is creators. to determine who may adapt the work to other forms.  It’s true that copyright’s ultimate beneficiary is the public. it is "the right to copy".blogspot.

in/  Quality Not user friendly Rapid change Documentation Lack of focus on UI .OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE  Why Be a Pirate? Use Open Source Software Instead Constraints      http://ashrafsau.blogspot.

KEY ITEMS              ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ .

they are by no means failsafe. it cannot be replicated or pirated.blogspot.  No longer are developers keen to ship a completely standalone version of their flagship product.THE FUTURE OF SP  CD checks. . dongles. it does not inhibit it.in/  With time any protection routine can be understood and defeated. serial numbers. online model. http://ashrafsau. The idea is simple. although this technology decreases the rate of piracy. If the user never has the game in its entirety.  Instead. they are choosing a service-based.

KEY ITEMS              ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ .

in/    Developers invest time and money to develop a product and deserve to make a fair profit. . http://ashrafsau.CONCLUSION Software Piracy is immoral. so they can develop new products in future.  the damage done to the industry and legitimate end users does not balance the few advantages that piracy does have. Software piracy is theft of intellectual property.blogspot.

net/files/effective_anti_piracy_methods_to_employ_in_software_development. http://www.wikipedia.uiuc.org/wiki/PROTECT_IP_Act [11]. http://www.com/insight/software-piracy-and-the-law [12].pdf [7]. The University of Michigan  http://nicj.aspx [4]. http://toostep.org/wiki/Copyright [13]. http://en.] http://www.stanford. http://www-cs-faculty. Ron Honick and Mark Burnettz.org/piracyimpact2010/studies/piracyimpactstudy2010. 2010.edu/~eroberts/cs181/projects/software-piracy/types.org/country/Anti-Piracy/What-is-Software-Piracy.bsa.pdf [5].wikipedia.com/2011/05/who-benefits-from-copyright/    http://ashrafsau.html [6].leinss. http://en.  http://portal. ISBN: 1-93226-6984 [2]. http://www.com/files/piracy. Research Paper.htm [3].bsa.copyhype.REFERENCES  [1]. Effective Anti-Piracy Methods to employ in Software Development.org/wiki/Stop_Online_Piracy_Act [10].edu/resources/infotech/pubs/software_piracy/ [9]. The Effects of Software Piracy on Consumers and Software Developers By Adam Leinss  http://www.pdf [8. http://en.in/          .blogspot.bw. EECS481 Software Engineering.ed. Software Piracy Exposed BY Paul Craig. Piracy impact Study: the economic benefits of reducing software piracy.edu/wp/crime/piracy.wikipedia.

blogspot.. . THANKS …………..in/ ………….http://ashrafsau.

http://ashrafsau.in/ QUESTION .blogspot.