Environmental Management System

1

What is ISO ? ISO ( International Organization for Standardization) is worldwide federation of national standards bodies, at present comprising of 127 members, one in each country What is ISO 14000 ? ISO 14000 is a series of international, voluntary environmental management standards. Principles of ISO 14000 Standards Better environment management Applicable in all nations Should promote the broad interests of the public and the users of the standard. Should be cost effective, non-prescriptive, and flexible, to allow them to meet the differing needs of organizations of any size worldwide.
2

STRUCTURE OF ISO 14001
Quality Management Model
RAW MATERIAL SERVICES UNIT OPERATION OR PROCESS PRODUCT/ SERVICE

Environmental Management Model
RAW MATERIALS WATER / AIR POWER RECYCLE SUPPLIER Re-usable waste Product

UNIT OPERATION OR PROCESS

By-product ( Sold) Water Gaseous emission Liquid waste

Solid waste (Disposal)
3

BUSINESS BENEFITS OF EMS

What is Driving EMS ? International protocols, globalization of business, scientific knowledge, media events, pressure groups, supplier pressure, access to information

Business Benefits Risk management, competitive advantage, cost saving, Improved relationship with community & regulators & financial institutions
4

Introduction:
 Integration with other management requirements  Support environmental protection & pollution prevention  Specification contains requirements that can be objectively audited  Does not establish absolute requirements for environmental performance  Commitment to legal compliance & continual improvement  Does not guarantee optimal environmental outcomes  Encourages best available technology with economic viability
5

4. EMS Requirements
4.1 General Requirements 4.2 Environmental Policy 4.3 Planning 4.4 Implementation and Operation 4.5 Checking 4.6 Management Review

6

4.1 General Requirements

Establish, document, implement, maintain and continually improve an EMS Determine how it will fulfill requirements of this standard Define & document the scope of its EMS

7

4.2 Environmental Policy Top management shall define the environmental policy:  Appropriate to the nature, scale and environmental impacts of its activities  Commitment to continual improvement & compliance with applicable legal requirements.  Setting up and reviewing environmental objectives& targets  Documented, implemented and maintained  Communicated to all persons working for or on behalf of the organization & available to the public
8

Model Environmental Policy
Century Rayon, is committed to maintain it’s Environmental management System in sound state. It stresses strict compliance of all applicable rules and regulations, maximizing resource utilization and reduction in waste generation. To adhere to it’s commitments and values the company shall endeavor to: Regularly set and review objectives for continual improvement in work environment performance.  Ensure compliance of all required statutory, legal and regulatory norms and strive to achieve beyond set and new standards.  Ensure safe working environment through continuous monitoring and controlling work place hazards with a view to protect our employees and community.  Conserve key resources like water, air, fuel, raw material and energy by monitoring and optimizing their use  Policy will be made available to relevant parties and communicated to all employees for awareness and to encourage their active participation in the environment management system. Century Rayon re-affirms it’s commitment to provide cleaner, healthier and sustainable environment to all. PRESIDENT
9

4.3 Planning
4.3.1 Environmental aspects Definitions: Environmental aspect: Element of an organization’s activities, products or services that can interact with the environment Environmental impact: Any change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an organization’s environmental aspects. Cause& Effect: Aspect Activity Example:
TANKER EMPTYING HANDLING OF CHLORINE TONNER SPILLAGE LEAKAGE

Impact
SOIL CONTAMINATION AIR POLLUTION
10

4.3.1 Environmental aspects…. contd Aspect may be described as the route through which an activity creates an impact. Environmental Problems: - Global warming, - Stratospheric ozone depletion, Acid rain, - Water Quality, Persistent organics, Air Quality, Noise / Vibration, Visual impact / Amenity, Waste Management, Contaminated Land, Major Spills & Incidents, Release of Genetically Manipulated organisms
11

Issues for Industry:
 Air pollution, Water pollution  Water use  Other Resource use  Hazardous Substances  Biological Hazards  Radiation Waste  Noise  Community concerns  Wild life & Habitats  Accidents & emergencies  Planning issues  Interface with other Health & Safety Issues

12

4.3.1 Environmental aspects…. contd Requirement of standard: Establish, implement, & maintain procedures 1. To identify environmental aspects of its activities, products or services. 2. Determine those aspects that have or can have significant impact (s) on the environment The organization shall document this information and keep it up to date. The organization shall ensure that the significant environmental aspects are taken into account in establishing, implementing and maintaining its EMS
13

IDENTIFICATION OF ASPECTS & HAZARDS

Department : Boiler House & Power House
Sr. No. Activity EMS 14001 Aspects Impact N/A/ E OHSAS 18001 Hazards N/A/ E Risk

DG power house 1 2 3 4 5 Unloading of LSHS fuel Emission of gas Air pollution N Fuel flow through pipelines. leakage of fuel Land pollution A Bursting of High Splashing of fuel pressure fuel pipe Land pollution Generation of Running of Diesel A/E noise Generator. Water hammering in Generation of Noise pollution A steam line noise Inhaling of gas Illhealth N

leakage of fuel People injury A Spillage on Fatal injury E body Generation of A/E noise Generation of noise Bursting Damage to ears A Fatal injury of pipelines E

14

4.3.2 Legal and other requirements………Contd. The organization shall establish, implement, & maintain procedures 1. To identify and have access to the applicable legal requirements and other requirements to which it subscribes relate to its environmental aspects. 2. To determine how these requirements apply to its environmental aspects The organization shall ensure that these legal requirements and other requirements to which it subscribes are taken in to account in establishing, implementing and maintaining its EMS.
15

4.3.3 Objectives, targets and programme ( s) The organization shall establish, implement, & maintain - Documented environmental objectives and targets for the entire organization & at relevant functions and levels Measurable, consistent with the environmental policy, commitment to prevention of pollution, compliance with applicable legal requirements , other requirements and to continual improvement.

- Legal & other requirements, significant environmental aspects, technological options, financial, operational, business requirements and the views of interested parties.
16

4.3.3 Objectives, targets and programme ( s)…..contd The organization shall establish, implement, & programmes for achieving its objectives & targets. Programs shall include: 1. Designation of responsibility 2. The means and time frame . maintain

17

4.4 Implementation & Operation
4.4.1 Resources, roles responsibility and authority 4.4.2 Competence, training and awareness 4.4.3 Communication 4.4.4 Documentation 4.4.5 Control of Documents

18

4.4.4 Documentation
Document: Information & its supporting medium Record: Document stating results achieved or providing evidence of activities performed. • Documentation shall include • Environmental policy, objectives and targets • Scope • Description of the main elements of the EMS and their inter action, and reference to related documents. • Documents & records including planning ,operation and control of processes related to significant environmental aspects.
19

4.4.6 Operational control 1.Identify & plan operations that are associated with identified significant aspects. 2. Establish, implement & maintain documented procedures to control situations where their absence could lead to deviation from environmental policy, objectives and targets. 3. Stipulate operating criteria in the procedures 4. Maintain procedures related to identified environmental aspects of goods & services and significant to
20

5.Communicate applicable procedures suppliers, including contractors

requirements

4.4.7 Emergency preparedness and response 1. Procedures to be maintained to identify potential emergency situations and potential accidents that can have an impact on the environment and how to respond them. 2. The organization shall respond to actual emergency situations and accidents and prevent or mitigate associated adverse environmental impacts. 3. Periodically review, revise the emergency preparedness including response procedures in particular after the occurrence of accidents or emergency situations. 4. Periodically test such procedures where practicable.
21

4.5 Checking
4.5.1 Monitoring & measurement 4.5.1 Evaluation of compliance 4.5.3 Nonconformity, corrective action and preventive action 4.5.4 Control of Records 4.5.5 Internal Audit

22

4.5 Checking.. contd
4.5.3 Nonconformity, corrective action and preventive action Corrective action Action to eliminate the cause of a detected non-conformity. Preventive Action Action to eliminate the cause of a potential nonconformity. ISO 14001 requires procedures for: • Identifying nonconformity • Taking action to mitigate impacts. • Investigating non-conformity. • Taking corrective action to avoid recurrence. • Taking preventive action to avoid occurrence, • Review effectiveness of corrective and preventive actions.
23

4.5.3 Nonconformity, corrective action and preventive action….contd

Action taken shall be appropriate to the magnitude of the impact. Ensure to change EMS documentation if required. • Non – Conformity • Non-fulfillment of a requirement. • Identification of environmental non-conformity need not be through Internal Audits alone. Requirements may be defined in ISO 14001 standard: • Legal documents • Organizations’s own procedures • Agreement with interested parties • Company / corporate policy • Other voluntary agreements
24

4.6 Management Review Top management shall review the EMS at planned intervals to - Ensure its continuing suitability, adequacy and effectiveness. Reviews shall include: - Assessing opportunities for improvement & the need for changes to the EMS, including the environmental policy, objectives & targets Records of reviews shall be retained

25

4.6 Management Review … contd Input to management review includes:  Results of internal audit & Compliance with legal & other requirements  Changes in legal & other requirements  Progress records on objectives & External communication  Records of complaints & Environmental performance  Extent of objectives & targets achieved  Status of corrective & preventive actions  Follow up actions from previous reviews  Recommendation for improvements  Changing circumstances & Other relevant information
26

Overall Requirements of ISO 14001 Clauses:
Control Route

Training

EPR

Environmental Policy

Monitoring

OCP
Improvement Route
• • • • • • Legal Financial Operational Business Technological Interested Party

Significant Aspects

Priority Screen

Aspect Identification

Sig. Screen

Objectives & Targets Measurable Non-significant Aspects Programmes
27

Requirements – ISO 14001 1.Awareness Training to workmen 2. Daily Records of waste generated with in the department 3. Daily Records of waste on no-man’s land 4. Register of aspects & hazards 5.Updation of aspects & hazards 6. Procedures & Work Instructions related to work area 7.Specifications for input & output operations

28

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.