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Respiratory System

Respiratory System-
 The breathing system that includes the lungs and the air passages
(trachea or "windpipe," larynx, mouth, and nose) to the air outside
the body, plus the associated nervous and circulatory supply.
Respiratory System

Brings 02 in and CO2 & water vapor out of the body


Nose, Sinus, Mouth Trachea




The Respiratory System moves gases into &
out of the blood
 Airs pathway after it enters
the nose and mouth is
 So much surface area is
needed in the Lungs to absorb
enough O2 to supply the body
and expel CO2.
 When you inhale, the muscles
of the rib cage contract,
expanding the rib cage. When
you exhale, rib cage and
diaphragm movements
produce higher pressure in
the lungs, and air flows out.
Why is it important for the Circulatory &
Respiratory System to work so closely
 The Circulatory & Respiratory
systems work closely together
to maintain homeostasis when
your needs for oxygen and
nutrients change.
 The lungs need to have so
many alveoli to give the lungs
a massive surface area for
absorbing O2 and releasing
CO2 and water vapor.
Gas Exchange
 The three principles of gas
*O2 and CO2 are carried by the blood.
*Gases move by diffusion that is, they move from
an area of higher concentration to an area of
lower concentration.
*The lining of the alveoli must be moist to help
gases diffuse.
 The advantage of having so many
clusters of alveoli in the Lungs is
that all of the alveoli together
gives the lungs a surface area of
about 100 square meters. Without
this huge area for gas exchange,
the lungs would be unable to
extract enough O2from the air to
keep you alive.
Respiratory Diseases
 SMOKING- Tobacco smoke contains
more than 4800 chemicals that can
paralyze cilia, damage alveoli, and
caue genetic mutations leading to
 EMPHYSEMA- Many alveoli are
destroyed. This process gradually
reduces the surface area for gas
exchange, and not enough oxygen can
enter the blood.
 ASTHMA- Hard to move air in and out
of the lungs, severe asthma attack can
kill from lack of oxygen. Attacks may
be triggered by allergies, stress,
exposure, to smoke and chemicals or
 CYSTIC FIBROSIS- Causes the lungs to
produce a thick, stick mucus. This
mucus blocks the airways and allows
microorganisms to thrive in the lungs.
Sometimes lung infections.