Caernarfon Castle

By: Jarrod Carpin, Logan Corbett, and Brad Best

Location of Castle
• The castle is located in North Wales. • Caernarfon lies on the traditional route to and from Ireland, passing through the Menai Strait and Anglesey, a route still taken today.

History of the Castle
• Caernarfon is the most famous and perhaps the most beautiful castle in Wales. This is exactly what King Edward I intended on doing. • It had existed originally as a Roman fort, and an earlier Norman mote and bailey castle.

Why was it built?
• Caernarfon Castle was built on the orders of English King Edward I as part of a great chain of castles along the northwestern coast of Wales. • Caernarfon was constructed not only as a military stronghold but also as a seat of government and royal palace.

The Castle
• The Caernarfon Castle overlooking the River Seiont and Menai Strait, looks today, much as it would look when the construction was finished in 1330. • Ten years after construction of the castle started it was overrun and heavily damaged during a Welsh rebellion. King Edward I quickly ended the rebellion and immediately accelerated the repair and construction of Caernarfon Castle. Building work continued until 1330, when most of the castle structure that we see today was complete.

Structure
• The castle consists of 13 towers and 2 gates. • The Eagle Tower, Chamberlain tower and the Queen’s tower were built between 1285 and 1291. • The Black tower and Queen’s gate were built between 1295 and 1301. • Adjoining the nine curtain walls of the castle are a series of many-sided towers. • It is also a magical place for exploration with its many covered passageways and exciting wall walks. • Material for the building of the castle was imported over seas. • The rock that made the walls, were twenty feet thick at their base.

Timeline
1283- Construction of Caernarfon Castle. 1284Edward (II) is born. His father was Edward I and his mother was Eleanor of Castile. The castle was still under construction as work on it had only begun the year before. 1294- The Welsh attack and burn Caernarfon, tearing down the walls of the castle and the town. 1330- Following the death of Edward I in 1307, building work at Caernarfon Castle slows down and gradually stops altogether. 1642- Caernarfon is attacked three times. 1660- The castle is ordered to be destroyed, but despite needs of the government and efforts of local citizens, the building was not demolished. Some damage occurred on the interior buildings. 1987- Caernarfon is declared a World Heritage Site. Today it remains crown property, and is managed by CADW: Welsh