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BACKGROUND (WHY
BACKGROUND (WHY
SURROGACY?)
SURROGACY?)

INFERTILITY
INFERTILITY

MEDICALLY ILL
MEDICALLY ILL

DON’T WANT TO GO
DON’T WANT TO GO
THROUGH PREGNANCY
THROUGH PREGNANCY
DEFINITION
DEFINITION

THERE ARE 2 TYPES OF
THERE ARE 2 TYPES OF
SURROGATE MOTHERS:
SURROGATE MOTHERS:

TRADITIONAL
TRADITIONAL
SURROGATE
SURROGATE

AND
AND

GESTATIONAL
GESTATIONAL
SURROGATE
SURROGATE
TRADITIONAL SURROGATE
TRADITIONAL SURROGATE
MOTHER
MOTHER

Involves the surrogate mother
being (AI) artificially
inseminated with the sperm
of the intended father or
sperm from a donor when the
sperm count is low. In either
case the surrogate’s own egg
will be used.

Genetically the surrogate
becomes the mother of the
resulting child.
GESTATIONAL SURROGATE
GESTATIONAL SURROGATE
MOTHER
MOTHER

The surrogate mother has
no genetic ties to the
offspring.

Eggs and sperm are
extracted from the
commissioning parents
and in vitro fertilized and
implanted into uterus of
the surrogate.
PROCEDURES
PROCEDURES
1.
1.
The surrogate must
The surrogate must
undergo many tests
undergo many tests
2.
2.
The surrogate and the
The surrogate and the
genetic mother are
genetic mother are
given birth control
given birth control
pills to synchronize
pills to synchronize
their cycles
their cycles
3.
3.
Both are injected with
Both are injected with
Lucron (type of
Lucron (type of
steroid) to shut down
steroid) to shut down
hormone production
hormone production
and control the
and control the
cycles
cycles
PROCEDURES cont’
PROCEDURES cont’
4.
4.
The genetic mother takes
The genetic mother takes
fertility hormones to
fertility hormones to
stimulate egg production
stimulate egg production
5.
5.
Fertilization occurs in vitro
Fertilization occurs in vitro
and incubated 2-5 days
and incubated 2-5 days
‘till it develops into an
‘till it develops into an
embryo
embryo
6.
6.
The embryo is implanted
The embryo is implanted
into the uterus
into the uterus
Philosophy of Motherhood
Philosophy of Motherhood

Natural mother
Natural mother


rr s t
rr s t
l or
l or
pprox m t l
pprox m t l
n n mont s n
n n mont s n
v s rt to
v s rt to
t
t

The natural mother is the
The natural mother is the
legal mother
legal mother


or n to
or n to
l w n
l w n
r l on
r l on

SURROGATE MOTHER’S
SURROGATE MOTHER’S
P.O.V.
P.O.V.

Need to go through many tests and
Need to go through many tests and
take medications prior to surrogacy
take medications prior to surrogacy

The surrogate is paid a large amount
The surrogate is paid a large amount
of money
of money

The relationship between baby and
The relationship between baby and
mother is commercial not
mother is commercial not
emotional
emotional

Only becomes a vehicle for delivering
Only becomes a vehicle for delivering
babies
babies

Financial exploitation
Financial exploitation


Creates a
Creates a
class
class
 poor wom n s
 poor wom n s
surro t s
surro t s

New form of female prostitution???
New form of female prostitution???


Commissioning Parents’
Commissioning Parents’
P.O.V.
P.O.V.

Must pay a large amount of money
Must pay a large amount of money


onl r p opl n ·
onl r p opl n ·
or t osts
or t osts

Don’t want to disrupt career for child
Don’t want to disrupt career for child
baring
baring


Chooses professional
Chooses professional
careers over family
careers over family

Don‘t want to ruin or “damage” their
Don‘t want to ruin or “damage” their
bodies because of pregnancy
bodies because of pregnancy

Is it right to “transfer” pain from one
Is it right to “transfer” pain from one
person to another???
person to another???

Controversy over child’s
Controversy over child’s
position
position

What if the baby becomes “retarded” or not
What if the baby becomes “retarded” or not
according to what the commissioning
according to what the commissioning
parents intend??
parents intend??

What would you expect??
What would you expect??

Controversy over child’s
Controversy over child’s
position
position

Should the child be told about their
Should the child be told about their
state of birth? What age?
state of birth? What age?

Should the identity of the surrogate
Should the identity of the surrogate
mother be routinely disclosed?
mother be routinely disclosed?

What if the couple gets divorced
What if the couple gets divorced
before the childbirth?
before the childbirth?

What if the wife dies?
What if the wife dies?

What if the husband dies?
What if the husband dies?

Solution
Solution

Adopt one of many
Adopt one of many
children already in
children already in
need of a loving
need of a loving
family
family
Conclusion
Conclusion

Oppose the idea of surrogate mother
Oppose the idea of surrogate mother
 t s mor ll wron ·
 t s mor ll wron ·

Surrogacy is still controversial in all
Surrogacy is still controversial in all
aspects: through the surrogate’s
aspects: through the surrogate’s
point of view, the commissioning
point of view, the commissioning
parents, and the position of the
parents, and the position of the
child
child

Solution: adopt a child
Solution: adopt a child
THANK YOU
THANK YOU
Reference
 Allis, Trevor. 1997. The moral implications of motherhood by
hire. Indian Journal of Medical Ethics.
http://www.ijme.in/051mi021.html [accessed 8 Oct ‘09].
 Storey, Grayce P. 2000. Ethical Problems Surrounding Surrogate
Motherhood. Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute. http://
www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/2000/7/00.07.05.x.html.
[accessed 8 Oct ’09].
 Downloaded Images from http://images.google.com.

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