Write-Log, Binary Phase Shift Keying (PSK31), Digital Panoramic Tuning (DigiPan) and Radio Set-Up.

Click FSK for PSK-31 Contacts.Write-Log Click her to open this box. Please try not to forget to avoid unnecessary editing. Set the frequency and mode before operating. .

Networking will display all Stations. Right Arrows and Backspace allows for editing.Write-Log Super Check Partial Click Window then Band Summary. . Left. Tab over by using Space Bar “Alt W” Clears this entire row. Operating Class and Section. Click Window then Super Check Partial Click Contest then Multipliers Logged Stations Enter Call.

25 Hz was chosen because a normal typing speed of about 50 words per minute requires a bit rate of about 32 bits per second (1Bit/Hz). this amounts to little more than somebody whistling into the microphone. These shifts serve the same function as two FSK tones traditionally used by RTTY. • PSK31's bandwidth of 31. • PSK31’s 31.What is PSK31? • PSK31 was developed by Peter Martinez (G3PLX) and introduced to the amateur community in December 1998. Instead of shifting frequency we’re shifting phase. • PSK31 rapidly shifts the phase of the audio signal between two states.25 Hz can be derived from the 8 KHz sample rate used by the DSP chips in computer sound cards . • PSK31 was also known as Varicode Mode (Variable Number of Bits) • From the perspective of the transmitter.

What is PSK31? BIT Value 0 1 Amount of Shift None 1/2 Degrees of Shift 00 1800 Time Domain Frequency Domain .

10 Signal-to-Noise Ratio (dB) . • Note: BER is the number of BIT’s received in error.PSK 31 vs. PSK-31 is virtually error free. a BER of 10-5 is 1 erroneous BIT received in error out of 100. In other terms. For example.01 3 4 • For Signal-to-Noise (S/N) ratios greater than 10 dB. 1 10 1 0. RTTY • The chart at the right shows the BIT Error Rate (BER) as a function of Signal-to-Noise ratio in a noiseless environment.16uV for 10dB S/N Bit Error Rate 1 10 1 10 1 10 1 10 1 10 1 10 1 10 5 PSK-31 PSK-31 6 7 8 9 QPSK-31 0 5 10 15 20 • At poor S/N ratios the BER of PSK-31 is five times better than RTTY • Note the curve that represents QPSK-31.1 RTTY 0.000. if the noise level is 1uV then you need 3. • S/N=10Log(Power of the Signal ÷ Power of the Noise).

PSK31 characters contain a variable number of bits.Real World Performance • The power in a PSK-31 signal is concentrated in a 31. • Assuming 100 watts of transmit power. The capital letter “A” has a Varicode of 1111101. so lower-case text transmits faster and decodes better • For example. the same S/N ratio is achieved with 8W using RTTY and only 1W using PSK-31! • Lower Case characters are more efficient than upper case due to Varicode (not to be confused with ASCII or Binary code).25 Hz bandwidth versus 250 Hz (BW not frequency shift) for RTTY and 3300 Hz for SSB.PSK31 . – The letter “a” has four BIT’s . • If a signal provides 20 dB S/N ratio at the receiver using SSB. • Lower-case PSK31 characters have fewer bits than their upper-case equivalents. the PSK-31 signal has 3. 30mW/Hz for SSB.2 watts/Hz vs. the letter “a” has the Varicode 1011.

• A Viterbi Decoder decodes the bit stream and estimates likelihood the data is correct or not. . lowers the number of errors • Forward Error Correction (FEC) is when redundant data is sent 900 out of phase with the primary data stream. • Under very poor propagation conditions (like now).FYI: The better alternative QPSK31 • QPSK31 has FEC convolutional code. 1 out of 5 PSK-31 characters get thru compared to 1 out of 2 QPSK-31 characters. If not it corrects the error.

DigiPan – Signal Channel This is the Receive Window Right Click to put cursor on the signal you want to receive. This is the Transmit Window .

Preset FD Macro's DigiPan – Multichannel 3A NNJ Click Call Goes here CQ IMD .

CW or PSK-31. Click T/R again to go back to Receive You can operate any mode that you please. SSB. • If you don’t know ASK!!! Don’t guess!!! .Radio Set Up • PSK-31 is a 100% duty cycle mode. Re-adjust MIC gain for little or no ALC needle movement Re-adjust power output. For all radio’s reduce power by 50% • Turn Audio Compression OFF • With MIC Gain very low and power very low click T/R button on DigiPan to Transmit • Adjust MIC gain so ALC has little or no needle movement – This is to prevent Inter-Modulation Distortion from being transmitted. Digital waveforms inherently produce IMD’s. • • • • • Adjust power to ~50W (typical). All three HF stations will have full three mode capability.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful