indemnity insurance. liability insurance. that a de-tariffing regime in respect of non-life insurance viz. terms and conditions that may be offered by insurers in respect of General Insurance Business relating to Fire. Detariffing refers to doing away with such fixation of tariffs. Marine (Hull). Responding to the demands from the industry. Engineering and Workmen Compensation. the IRDA has notified in September 2005. personal lines like health insurance. advantages..De-tariffing in Insurance Sector  Insurance Premiums are fixed by a body known as the Tariff Advisory Committee which controls and regulates the rates.   . 2007. Motor. will come into place with effect from January 1. and marine hull insurance.

It is expected that the premiums will take a southward direction.  In a de-tariffed regime insurance companies are expected to focus on personal lines of business like health and motor insurance in a stronger way than at present  .Detariffing is expected to make the prices of these premiums market driven.

and generating customer-friendly options for the policyholders.     . Elimination of cross-subsidisation leading to independent pricing for each line of business. the advantages of the detariffing are Encouragement to scientific rating Adoption of better risk management practices. Development of innovative practices. 2007. According to the IRDA.Detariffing advantages The IRDA has prepared a road map for detariffing all categories of general insurance business from January 1.

Competition is expected to whittle down the fat margins that insurers enjoy in fire and engineering insurance.  . It means that the pricing of insurance policies is left to the individual insurance company. The proposed detariffing in the general insurance industry would lead to a major shift in the focus of the companies. based on an analysis and perception of risk. resulting in higher penetration in the country. Detariffing entails moving from rule-based underwriting systems and practices to risk-based decision-making of the subject matter offered for underwriting. eliminate cross-subsidies and force companies to look at small businesses.

The only way insurance companies can make profit and. thereby.How does it matter to consumers?   The consumer has not benefited much from the insurance liberalisation process. . The downside is that the balance-sheets of non-life insurance companies could be splashed in red. and buyers with small insurance needs may be ignored. the insurance companies will be forced to rate risks scientifically. maintain their solvency ratio without going back to their shareholders is by prudent underwriting. Under the market regime.

it will be in the customers' interest to make his risk profile better. this is the core function of analysing and pricing transfer of risk. In the detariff regime. Now. By far the biggest impact of detariffing would be on motor insurance. A risk should be judged on its own merits and detariffing will force insurers to scale up their risk-assessment capability and give the underwriting function its due importance in the insurance process. a car-owner with no claims subsidises another who makes large claims. On detariffing. After all. Here too. car-owners with a good track record will gain. . the rating will be based on the risk profile of the customer. good customers would gain.

engineering and property risk covers) are forecast to drop by at least 40 per cent in a detariffed regime due to intense competition.  Barring commercial motor vehicles and medical insurance. . The premium for trucks and other transport vehicles is expected to go up substantially as the related claims ratio. fire. premium on assets (that is. has been very high and the premium charged has not been commensurate with the risk exposure. especially for the third party legal liability segment.

which is a common phenomenon in the international market. customers must also be on their guard to keep an eye on the financial health of their insurance company to avoid bankruptcy. in turn. their solvency ratios and. would affect their reinsurance placements and underwriting capability.Impact on Insurance Companies Falling premium income without a concomitant reduction in claims is likely to bring down the profits of insurance companies.  Conversely. their international ratings which. consequently.  Only the fire and engineering risk business is profitable based on current tariffs. and the profit margins on these segments would now be put to severe strain due to competitive pressures. Automobile companies will also be under pressure to reduce repair cost.  .

. consumers will look up to domain experts such as insurance brokers for advice to get the best that the market has to offer.Role of Professional Intermediaries   World over. Faced with daunting choice in selecting the right insurance cover at the right price from the right insurer. the concept of risk management has now become a part of corporate governance. evaluation and management of risk exposures. Professional risk managers enable cost-effective protection through scientific methods of identification.

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