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Day 5 Simulation Studies Using PSCAD/EMTDC

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PSCAD/EMTDC
Developed by Manitoba HVDC Research Center, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Web Site: http://pscad.com/

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What is PSCAD?
PSCAD (Power Systems CAD) is a powerful and flexible graphical user interface to EMTDC solution engine. PSCAD enables the user to schematically construct a circuit, run a simulation, analyze the results, and manage the data in a completely integrated, graphical environment. Online plotting functions, controls and meters are also included, so that the user can alter system parameters during a simulation run, and view the results directly.
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What is EMTDC?
EMTDC (which stands for Electromagnetic Transients including DC) represents and solves differential equations (for both electromagnetic and electromechanical systems) in the time domain. Solutions are calculated based on a fixed time step, and its program structure allows for the representation of control systems, either with or without electromagnetic or electromechanical systems present.

EMTDC now serves as the electromagnetic transients solution engine for the PSCAD family of products.
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PSCAD Models
PSCAD comes complete with a library of pre-programmed and tested models. Some of the common models used in PSCAD.

Resistors, inductors, capacitors


Mutually coupled windings, such as transformers

Frequency dependent transmission lines and cables Current and voltage sources
Switches and breakers Protection and relaying
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PSCAD Models (Contd)


Diodes, thyristors Analog and digital control functions

AC and DC machines, exciters, governors, stabilizers and inertial models


Meters and measuring functions Generic DC and AC controls HVDC, SVC, and other FACTS controllers
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Wind source, turbines and governors

Typical PSCAD Studies

Contingency studies of AC networks consisting of rotating machines, exciters, governors, turbines, transformers, transmission lines, cables, and loads Relay coordination Transformer saturation effects Insulation coordination of transformers, breakers and arrestors Impulse testing of transformers Sub-synchronous resonance (SSR) studies of networks with machines, transmission lines and HVDC systems
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Evaluation of filter design and harmonic analysis

Typical PSCAD Studies (Contd)


Control system design and coordination of FACTS and HVDC; including STATCOM, VSC, and cycloconverters Optimal design of controller parameters Investigation of new circuit and control concepts Lightning strikes, faults or breaker operations. Steep front and fast front studies. Investigate the pulsing effects of diesel engines PQM 06 and wind turbines on electric networks Short Course

PSCAD/EMTDC
Features And Operations

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Starting PSCAD

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Loading a Case Project

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PSCAD Models (Master Library)

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Running a Simulation

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Printing the Circuit

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Simulation Study
Back-to-Back Capacitor Bank Switching

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Back-to-Back Capacitor Bank Switching


Energizing a shunt capacitor bank with an adjacent bank already in service Reactors or pre-insertion devices maybe needed to minimize transient Breaker inrush capability and frequency should be evaluated
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Simulation Study

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Creating A New Project In PSCAD

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Saving The PSCAD Project

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Selecting The Components

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Components And Modules

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Editing Component Parameters

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Assembling The Components

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Adding A Graph Frame

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Graph Frame Properties

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Simulation For The Project Created

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Mitigation of Back to Back Switching Transients


Reactors or pre-insertion devices maybe needed to minimize transient

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Inserting A Resistor To Minimize Transients

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Simulation After Mitigation

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