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A mental condition characterized by difficulty in communicating with others. Infants failed to cuddle, make eye contact or exhibit facial responsiveness. Unable to play cooperatively or make friendship.

Language maybe totally absent. If child does speak, grammatical structure may be Impaired.
There is abnormal speech melody. Echolalia (repetition of words or phrases spoken by others).

intense reaction to minor changes in the environment

Music holds special interest by them. Have labile mood


condition involving difficulty in reading and spelling.

characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. who have dyslexia are perfectly intelligent in other ways. Intelligence isnt the problem. Reading and writing is.





A pervasive developmental disorder. It is an impairment in social and communication skills, and the display of stereotyping behaviors. A mental condition characterized by difficulty in communicating with others.

A specific developmental disorder. Inability to read, spell, and write words, despite the ability to see and recognize letter. A condition involving difficulty in reading and spelling


They are both Mental disorders Occurs more frequently in males than females.




Failure to develop social relations

Stereotyped behavior such as hand gestures Extreme resistance to change in routine

Reverses letter sequences

Slow to learn prefixes, suffixes, root words, and other spelling strategies Avoids reading aloud Trouble with word problems Difficulty with handwriting Awkward, fist-like, or tight pencil grip Avoids writing compositions

Abnormal responses to sensory stimuli

Decrease sensitivity to pain Inappropriate or decreased emotional expressions Specific, limited intellectual problem solving abilities Stereotyped or repetitive use of language Impaired ability to initiate or sustain a conversation.

Slow or poor recall of facts

Difficulty making friends Trouble understanding body language and facial expressions Difficulty expressing oneself Mixing the order of letters or numbers while reading or writing




Parent needs a great deal of support so that they do not reject their child because the child seems to be rejecting them because of lack of interaction. Behavior modification therapy may help. Day care program can help to promote social awareness.

Teaching phonics, programs to improve phonemic awareness, and guided repeated oral reading can help the struggling reader.

Classroom accommodations help as well.

use of laptop computers, spell checkers, tape recorders, recorded books, and lecture notes, a quiet room use of tutors can assist the reader. young students need to be counseled that they are bright and have a unique way of reading.