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Carbon is a chemical element with symbol C Atomic number 6 Member of group 14 on the periodic table Nonmetallic and tetravalent

Four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds Three naturally occurring isotopes 12C and 13C are stable 14C is radioactive, decaying with a half-life of about 5,730 years

Present in all known life forms Second most abundant element in the human body by mass (about 18.5%) after oxygen This abundance, together with the unique diversity of organic compounds and their unusual polymer-forming ability at the temperatures commonly encountered on Earth, make this element the chemical basis of all known life.

A biomolecule is any molecule that is produced by a living organism. In general a biomolecule is a biogenic substance

Biomolecules are the building blocks of all living organisms They obey the same laws of nature as all other chemical molecules But such molecules are highly efficient tools, machines or dedicated building materials for all living organisms Certain biomolecules even have the ability to replicate and repair themselves There are no biomolecules without any function Most biomolecules form complex and highly ordered structures, using energy from the surrounding. The study of biomolecules is an important basis for understanding how living organisms can perform their diverse functions

Catenation is the property of carbon to form very long chains of interconnecting C-C bonds Carbon-carbon bonds are strong, and stable. This property allows carbon to form an almost infinite number of compounds Carbon occurs in all known organic life With oxygen and hydrogen, carbon forms many groups of important biological compounds such as sugars, lignans, chitins, alcohols, fats, aromatic esters, carotenoids and terpenes With nitrogen carbon forms alkaloids With sulfur it forms antibiotics, amino acids, and rubber products. With the addition of phosphorus to these other elements, carbon forms DNA and RNA, the chemical-code carriers of life, and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the most important energytransfer molecule in all living cells.

All these images of biomolecules clearly show carbon as one of their constituents DNA

Hence the essential role of carbon in forming a biomolecule cannot be doubted RNA

All biomolecules are possible because of Carbon They are formed on the structure made by C-C bonding Carbon not only plays an essential role in the formation of biomolecules but is critical for the existance of life