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B.Tech M.E., 8th semester Aryabhatta Group of Institutes, Barnala

Punjab Technical University 2010 2014

Submitted to: Ashish Singla HOD Mechanical Dept.

Submitted by: Gurmeet Singh Roll No. 100041127813 Address:-Vpo-Kalas, Teh-Raikot,DisttLudhiana Mobile-8427924650


We hereby certify that the the project entitled ENGINE ASSEMBLY by Gurmeet Singh, University Roll No.100041127813 in partial fulfillment of requirements for the award of degree of B.Tech. (ME) submitted in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at ARYABHATTA GROUP OF INSTITUTES, BARNALA under PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, JALANDHAR is an authentic record of our own work carried out under the supervision of Mr. SURAJ KOHAL Head of Engine Assey. Department.The matter presented has not been submitted by me in any other University / Institute for the award of B.Tech. Degree.

Gurmeet Singh




________ __________ _______ Day Month Year 2


STANDARAD is a well known name in the field of automobile industries. It was

established in year 1973 by S. Nachhatar Singh.

His hard working efforts and continues improvement in the company has now made it the number one manufacturer in the field of combine manufacture. In 1999, S. Nachhatar Singh started anew project named by manufacturing of tractor. Now this company has five improved models of tractor.


STANDARAD is the first Indian company, which has designed 75HP engine. Company's growth is 150% as compare to the last year. The Daily production is 15 tractors now days. The demand of this tractor is in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Haryana, Karnataka, and Tamilnadu etc. from

theNew Year production of the two new models of tractors is starting. Models are of 30HP and 24
HP Turnover of the company during the last year was of Rs. 400 crore. Market image of this company is increasing day by day. Recently Standard Tractors has got the second

position in All India Tractor Competition held at GB Agriculture University Pant Nagar organized by All India Tractors Association. Standard has joined hands with a tractor-manufacturing unit of Italy for the manufacture of tractor by compromise between the two.

The factory is located at Barnala a district of Punjab. STANDARAD TRACTORS is situated on Sangrur Bathinda Road about 3 KM from Barnala city at Handiaya Chowk hardly fifteen minutes drive from the main Bus stand of Barnala. Standard Combine is a private concern of India

in state of Punjab. This factory was among first to be set up in this industrial town

Parman Patra awarded by Govt. of Punjab to The Managing Director S. Nachhattar Singh on August 2008.Certificate of participation in Agro-Industrial Exhibition held at G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology , Pentagram (Uttaranchal) on October 2002.Awarded First Prize in Stall Competetion by Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana on September 2007.

Award for outstanding individual achievements and distinguished services to the nation presented by Honble S. Surjeet Singh Barnala, (The Then Minister of Chemical & Fertilizers, Minister of Food & Consumer Affairs , Govt. of India) on January 1999.

Memberships / Affiliations:
The Tractor Division of the company is ISO 9001 : 2008 Certified

Quality Policy / Processes:

We at Standard Corporation India Ltd. are committed to total customer delight by: Providing utmost customer satisfaction with Quality and Cost effective products. To create such work environment and culture which promotes initiative & teamwork.

Company is also committed to provide adequate resources in terms of documents and information needed to continually improve effectiveness of its quality management system.

1. Research and Development Department 2. Personel Department 3. Tool Room 4. Accounts Department 5. Purchase Department

6. Maintenance Department
7. Store 8. Machine Shop 9. Engine Testing 10. Tractor Assembly Shop 11. Marketing Department 12. Servicing Department 13. Engineering Department



Three lines are present at STANDARD a) A Grade tolerance +12 micron. b) B Grade tolerance +24 micron. c) C Grade tolerance +36 micron.

The cylinder has two seats: 1. For water. 2. For oil. The Grade sign of the liner should be kept toward the camshaft.

Crankshaft Fitting:
First of all bush type liners are inserted into the bearing holes. The liner is provided with recess to store a minimum amount of oil, which wets as the crankshaft during storing engine. The bearing cup is opened and crankshaft assembly placed into it. The bearing cup is tightened again with 1012 Kg-m torque rod and crankshaft is checked that it is revolving easily or not

STAGE 2: Timing Gear Fitting: The idle shaft is pushed into the crankcase and roller type bearing with lock is inserted into the shaft. The idle timing gear is then pressed into the bearing. The timing gear is punched at two places and punched sign has to be matched with punched mark of [on] crankshaft.

Timing Gear Fitting

Piston Assembly Fitting: The piston assembly is filled into the liner and big end is tightened to crankshaft Line is filled with A grade piston assembly. The grade mark should towards camshaft. The piston ring cuts should be so adjusted that there should not be in same li


Stage 3: Lubrication Oil Pump Mounting: The lubrication oil pumps connected to crankshaft gear by an idle gear of 2-3 degree. The crankshaft and pump gear has 22 teeth each. The pump is provided with relief valve [through], which opens at kgf.

In the case of are loading or something injected in main gallery then pressure is released from

their valves.

Rear Cover & Front Cover Mounting: The rear cover and front cover are cleaned perfectly with air and filled to engine with seals in between [mounted].

Stage 4: Cam Shaft Fitting: The camshaft is inserted into the camshaft hole with bearing and bolt ends are locked by circle. The camshaft is forged from alloy steel or cast iron and is case hardened. The one end of the camshaft is provided with gear, which is locked, gear z-50 for exact timing of the camshaft gear

mark is matched with the mark on idle gear. Another gear pump is attached with idle gear, which
serves the purpose of driving the fuel injection pump.

The flywheel is mounted the crankshaft and bolts are tightened with 11-12 kg-m force. The F.LP is connected to F.LP gear through the F.LP drive shaft. 8

The F.LP. drive shaft is specifically designed to advance the time of injection. The both ends of F.1.P. drive shaft is provided with spline, one side a key is provided which is locked to timing gear and recess on their side is pushed in to F.LP. slots. The angle between the key and recess of 18', thus the fuel injection is advanced by 18 degree.


Stage 5:

Cylinder Head mounting:

The cylinder head assembly is placed on the piston and studs are passed through it. If the height of the piston at TDC from the surface is more then 0.1 mm than thegaskets of given thickness are used. If it is 0.1 to 0.5 mm then 1.2mm thick gasketis used. If it is 0.5 to 0.8 mm then 1.5 mm thick ,gasket is used. The cylinder nuts are tightened by 17-18 Kg-m forces.

Cylinder Head

Stage 6: Water Body and Pulley Mounting: The water body is mounted with thermostat control valve opens at 70 C. the pulley is mounted on camshaft.

Stage .7:
The assembly is removed from the trolley, is placed on the stationary frame.

Stage 8:
Fuel Injection Pump Mounting and Setting of Fuel Injection Pump The gear of F.I.P. is first of all meshed with F.LP. drive shaft and is loosely tightened to set the timing of gear first of all pointer is tightened on the crankcase and flywheel us rotated which is meshed for 16 , 18 , 20, 24 angles. The pointer at set at 18 of flywheel and then the pump is rotated clockwise till one from first nozzle stop out blowing. At this position a cut mark is made on both the pump and crankcase for further setting. The pump is tightened properly and pipes are tightened over nozzle and injectors. The head of position is covered with covers and the complete engines are sending to engine testing shop. The whole of engine shop is air-cooled.

Fuel Injection Pump 10


The speed of a engine is the mean speed of its crankshaft in RPM. Except in the case of free piston engines where the speed is the number of cycles per minute of components. the reciprocating

Steady Load Speed Band:

It is the maximum total variation in speed expressed as a percentage of the mean speed, which may occur while there is no change in the external load conditions.

Continuous Power
The power which engine is capable of delivering continuously between the normal maintenance intervals stated by the manufacturer at the stated speed and under

stated operating conditions.

Indicated Power:
It is the total power developed in the working cylinder by the gases on the combustion side of the working pistons.

Friction Power:
It is the power consumed in the frictional resistance.

Brake Power:
It is the total power consumed in frictional resistance.

Fuel Consumption:
It is the quantity of fuel consumed per unit of power per unit of time. It is generally expressed in grams of fuel consumed per B.H.P. 11

Mechanical Efficiency:
It may be defined as the ratio of the power obtained at the crank shaft i.e. Brake power to the
Indicated power. Thus Mechanical Efficiency = Brake power (B.P.) /Indicated power (Z P.)

Thermal Efficiency: Indicated Thermal Efficiency:

It may be defined as the ratio of heat converted into indicated work to the heat energy supplied by the fuel, during a specified period of time. So, Indicated Thermal Efficiency = Heat equivalent to LP per min. / heat energy supplied by fuel per min. = LP. * 60 / Mf *CV



Proper Illumination in the working sector.

There are many of safety guards provided in the industry for us.

Machines are available like Lathe Manvhine,CNC Machine, Milling Machine, Power Hacksaw.

The Guides in the industry are well educated and they are very responsive.

The working environment is very good for the work.

Prividing Efficient maintainence and storage area complete with evs. Controles.