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Tenses

PRESENT PAST FUTURE PAST FUTURE TENSES I do (do/does) I did Ill do Id do SIMPLE I am (is, are) I have (has) doing done I was (were) doing Ill be doing Id be doing CONTINUO US I had done I have been doing I had been doing

Ill have done Ill have been doing Id have done Id have been doing PERFECT PERFECT CONTINUO US

Tenses
I do, I am doing, I have done, I have been doing
I did, I was doing, I had done, I had been doing Ill do, Ill be doing, Ill have done, Ill have been doing Id do, Id be doing, Id have done, Id have been doing

Exercise Identify which one The Simple Past Tense and The Present Perfect Tense!
1. She has just left me. (SPT/PPT) 2. He received a letter two hours ago. (SPT/PPT) 3. Jessica worked in the office four years ago. (SPT/PPT) 4. I have finished my homework. (SPT/PPT) 5. Match was my favorite subject. (SPT/PPT) 6. I have visited Bali twice. (SPT/PPT) 7. Have you eaten? (SPT/PPT) 8. Alex has been a bus driver for two years (SPT/PPT) 9. You have just built a new house ( SPT/PPT) 10. Tom wrote a letter in the library last night (SPT/PPT)

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE


Example: (+) She has bought an umbrella.
S has V3 O Form: S + have/has + V3 + O

(-) She has not bought an umbrella. S+have/has+not+V3+O S has + not V3 O

(?) Has she bought an umbrella ? Have/has + S +V3+ O? Has S V3 O

Untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan yang telah selesai pada saat yang tidak diketahui.

Functions:

For example :

# He has finished the job. (Dia telah menyelesaikan pekerjaannya)

# I have read this book. (Saya telah membaca buku ini)


Untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan dimasa lampau, tetapi masih dikerjakan di waktu sekarang.

For example : # He has worked there since 2001. (Dia telah bekerja disana sejak

tahun 2001) # I have read this novel since last month. (Saya telah membaca novel ini sejak bulan lalu)

Continue
Untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang sudah selesai di masa

lampau tetapi masih ada hubungannya dengan masa sekarang. For example :

# I have already moved to my new house. (Saya telah pindah ke

rumah baru) # He has eaten. (Dia telah selesai makan) # I have just finished my work and I want to go to the theatre. (Saya baru saja menyelesaikan pekerjaan saya dan saya ingin pergi ke gedung bioskop)

(Adverb of time) keterangan waktu yang sering dipakai dalam present perfect tense.
Adverb Already Yet Meaning Telah Hingga kini

Just
Recently This month Since So far Ever Once Many times

Baru saja
Baru baru ini Bulan ini Sejak Sejauh ini Pernah Pernah (sekali) Sering kali

TRUE

FALSE

Work in Pair
Discuss with your pair, make a conversation by using

of present perfect tense. Theme is free. Write it in a piece of paper, write down your name and your pairs name. After you done it, please practice your conversation in front of class. It will be better if youre not bring your note. If the time is up, just collect your work and I will check it.