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DENSITY

GEL2007

What is Density?

If you take the same volume of different substances, then they will weigh different amounts.

Wood Water Iron

1 cm3 0.50 g

1 cm3 1.00 g

1 cm3

8.00 g

IRON

Q) Which has the greatest mass and therefore the most dense?

Density is the Mass per unit Volume

Density Equation:

g or kg

Density =

gcm-3 or kgm-3

Mass Volume

cm3 or kg3

m

V

= m

Example: Q) Liquid water has a density of 1000kgm-3, while ice has density of 920kgm-3.

V

V = m = 0.25 = 0.000250m3 Calculate the volume occupied by 1000 0.25kg of each. 3 V = m = 0.25 = 0.000272m 920

**DENSITY OF A REGULAR SOLID
**

m = 240 g

2.0 cm

3.0 cm

= m = 240 =10.0 g/cm3 V 24

4.0 cm

Find the Mass of the solid on a balance. Measure the three lengths and calculate the Volume. (ie V = l x w x h ) Calculate the Density.

Material

Mass in g

Length in cm

Width in cm

Height in cm

Volume in cm3

Density in g/cm3

DENSITY

Aluminium Iron Brass Wood Slate

g/cm3

2.70 7.86 8.50 0.50 2.80

Glass

Lead Marble Wax

2.50

11.3 2.70 0.89

**DENSITY OF AN IRREGULAR SOLID
**

m = 360 g

80 cm3

50 cm3

= m = 360 =12.0 g/cm3 V 30 Find the Mass of the solid on a balance. Fill the Measuring Cylinder with Water to a known Volume. Add the Object. Work out the Volume of Water that is displaced. Calculate the Density.

**DENSITY OF AN IRREGULAR SOLID
**

**OR use a Eureka Can to find the Volume.
**

Find the mass of the solid on a balance. Add water until just overflowing. Place a Measuring Cylinder under the spout. Add the Object. Collect the Water and read off the Volume. Calculate Density

m = 440 g

40.0 cm3

= m = 440 =11.0 g/cm3 V 40

DENSITY

Aluminium Iron Brass Wood

g/cm3

2.70 7.86 8.50 0.50

Slate

Glass

2.90

2.50

**DENSITY OF A LIQUID Mass of Liquid = Mass of Measuring Cylinder and Liquid – Mass of
**

empty Measuring Cylinder

25.0 g 45.0

20.0 cm3

Find the Mass of an empty Measuring Cylinder. Add a certain Volume of Liquid. Find the Mass of the Measuring Cylinder and Liquid Calculate the Mass of Liquid. How? Calculate Density of Liquid. = m = 20 =1.00 g/cm3 V 20

45 – 25 = 20 g

Liquid

Mass of empty Measuring Cylinder in g

Mass of Measuring Cylinder and Liquid in g

Mass of Liquid in g

Volume in cm3

Density in g/cm3

DENSITY OF A GAS

To vacuum flask

150.0 170.0g g

1000 cm3

170 -150 = 20.0g

= m = 20 =0.0200 g/cm3 V 1000

Remove the air from a flask of a known Volume, using a vacuum pump. Find its Mass. Add the gas to be tested. Reweigh. The difference is the Mass of gas. Calculate Density.

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