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What is an Organism?

An organism is generally referred to any living thing. More specifically any thing that has “cells”. This includes the smallest of organisms, the single celled bacteria, all the way to the largest redwood tree or Blue Whale.

The Classification Game!!
Divide into groups of 3 or 4
In the following few slides, you will find 14 different organisms, each of them labeled with a letter. In your groups, write down two main classification (example red/green). Then place the corresponding letters under the correct classification.

Green Red .For Example These organisms have been classified by their color.


B A C D E F G H I J K L M N .

One Possible Solution Plants C G M Animals A J D I ???? B K E N F L H .

You might have done color.Did You Have Problems?? There were actually several different ways to go about classifying these 14 organisms. . You might have encountered one or two that really did not fit into either of your two classifications. shape. what should you do when this happens? Make a new classification of course! And this is what scientist have done as well through the years. number of legs… the possibilities are endless. size.

Our modern classification system originated with two main classifications. . they couldn’t make their own food. Over the years. So the kingdom Fungi was formed. scientist came up with certain “plants” that really did not act like plants. plants and animals.

Some were animal-like. scientist discovered new single celled organisms. This lead to the creation of the Kingdom Protista. . some were plant like and some were both.When microscopes were invented.

As the microscope improved. the kingdom of the most simplistic organisms. . Some of them had a nucleus and others did not. This lead to the Kingdom Monera. scientist discovered that many of the single celled organisms were quite different.

Who first developed a system to classify organisms? As early as 350 B. Aristotle grouped organisms based on four characteristics: body parts. six of which he called “blooded” and four “bloodless”. the Greek Philosopher Aristotle created guidelines for grouping living things. . There were ten groups of animals.C. activities.. and character. life histories.

. Aristotle’s system may seem crude by today’s standards. but for his time.Humans. it was extremely imaginative. birds and fish were considered to be blooded. while insects and mollusks were considered to be bloodless.

how do know how to find the milk? When you go to the clothing store. how do you know where to look for your favorite brand? When you go to the movie store. how do you find the movie you’re looking for? .Who Needs a Classification System? When you go to the grocery store.

.When you want to learn about the mating habits of the Blue Swallow Butterfly. It is a tool that allows scientist to study similar organisms to learn more about how certain organisms work and function. where do you find your information. It is for this reason that a classification system is necessary.

if you wanted to find information on a new organism that you just discovered.For example. mating habits. you could look at organisms with similar traits and could come up with some good ideas as to what it eats. or any other pertinent information you might want to find. .

.Who developed the modern system? Along with Aristotle’s version of the classification system. After a while. it became quite confusing for many scientist when they did their research. they did not know which system to look in. completely different systems added throughout the years. This lead towards a universal system that could be used world wide. there were several more.

As Linnaeus created his method of classification. he considered many things. Modern scientists are still using most of Linnaeus’s classification system. internal organs. .The Modern System The modern classification system was developed by the Swedish scientist Carolus Linnaeus in the mid 1700’s. Some characteristics he used to classify organisms were outside appearance. and how body systems worked.

This is why even today organism’s scientific names are always in Latin. .Linnaeus used the Latin language because that was the language that was dominate around the world at that time.

Genus. Linnaeus came up with several sub-classifications for those kingdoms.Along with the two major Kingdoms. Phylum. Class. They are: Kingdom. What Kingdom are you in? What phylum are you in? Why? . Plant and Animal. and Species. Order Family.

The Human Species Kingdom: Animalia (Animal in Latin) Phylum: Chordata (Spinal Cord) Class: Mammalia (have mammary glands) Order: Primates (two mammary glands) Family: Hominoidea (bipedalism) Genus: Homo Species: Sapien .

the human species would be referred to as: Homo sapien . you always use the genus and the specie names. Therefore.When you refer to an organism scientifically.

Conclusion The classification system for organisms have been around for a long time. . It has endured several changes and is quite complex. much in the same way that a grocery store would go out of business if it did not have a classification system. Without it modern biology could not exist.