You are on page 1of 10

CH-4 Job Analysis

Chapter
Job Analysis

Copyright © 2010, VSP Rao

4– 1

Human resource

Management (3rd Edition)

V S P Rao

Excel Books

VSP Rao 4– 2 Human resource Management (3rd Edition) V S P Rao Excel Books .CH-4 Job Analysis What is Job Analysis? job analysis is an essential and pervasive human resource technique and the starting point for other human resource activities. JA is a formal and detailed examination of jobs. Nature of job analysis Job Tasks Job Analysis Job Duties Job Responsibilities Copyright © 2010.

2. 3. VSP Rao 10. 4. 6.CH-4 Job Analysis Uses of Job Analysis 1. 7. 8. 5. Job evaluation 4– 3 Human resource Management (3rd Edition) V S P Rao Excel Books . 9. Human resource planning Recruitment Selection Placement and orientation Training Counselling Employee safety Performance appraisal Job design and redesign Copyright © 2010.

skills. required behaviour and personal qualification) 3. duties. Collection of job analysis data(characteristics of job. Selection of representative positions to be analysed (sample of jobs analyzed keeping cost and time in mind) 2. VSP Rao 4– 4 Human resource Management (3rd Edition) V S P Rao Excel Books . Preparation of job description (contents of the job in terms of functions. etc) 4.CH-4 Job Analysis Process of Job Analysis Organisational analysis(organization charts and workflow charts) 1. training and personal experience needed to carry out a job Copyright © 2010. Preparation of job specification (written statement of personal attributesin terms of traits. operations. responsibilities.

CH-4 Job Analysis Methods of Collecting Job Analysis Data 1. 2. 3. 7. Panel of experts Diary method Questionnaire method Copyright © 2010. 4. Job performance Personal observation Critical incidents Interview 5. VSP Rao 4– 5 Human resource Management (3rd Edition) V S P Rao Excel Books . 6.

VSP Rao 4– 6 Human resource Management (3rd Edition) V S P Rao Excel Books .CH-4 Job Analysis Impact of Behavioural Factors on Job Analysis    Exaggerate the facts Employee anxieties Resistance to change   Overemphasis on current efforts Management ‘Straitjacket(limiting their freedom to adapt to changing needs from time to time) Copyright © 2010.

CH-4 Job Analysis Job Description  Job title     Job summary Job activities Working conditions Social environment Copyright © 2010. VSP Rao 4– 7 Human resource Management (3rd Edition) V S P Rao Excel Books .

VSP Rao 4– 8 Human resource Management (3rd Edition) V S P Rao Excel Books . Cont…. knowledge and abilities (SKAs) a person must possess. Contra-indicators: attributes that will become a handicap to successful job performance.CH-4 Job Analysis Job Specification  Essential attributes: skills. Copyright © 2010.   Desirable attributes: qualifications a person ought to possess.

 At least 3 years’ experience in a similar position in a large manufacturing company. Knowledge. of job analysis procedures. VSP Rao 4– 9 Human resource Management (3rd Edition) V S P Rao Excel Books . Education Experience Skill. of compensation survey techniques.  Knowledge of compensation practices in competing industries. in conducting job analysis interviews. of performance appraisal systems.  Preferably below 30 years. in performing statistical computations  Ability to conduct meetings.  A degree or diploma in Labour Laws is desirable. Abilities Work Orientation Factors Age Copyright © 2010.  Skill in writing job descriptions.CH-4 Job Analysis Job Specification of Compensation Manager  MBA with specialisation in HRM/MA in social work/PG Diploma in HRM MA in industrial psychology. in making group presentations.  The position may require up to 15 per cent travel. to plan and prioritise work.

 Third.  Second. peers. the objectives of the department and its functions must be identified. other role partners (boss. etc. the role incumbent is asked to state his key performance areas and his understanding of the roles to be played by him.) are asked to state their expectations from the role incumbent. VSP Rao 4– 10 Human resource Management (3rd Edition) V S P Rao Excel Books .CH-4 Job Analysis Role Analysis  First. the incumbent’s role is clarified and expressed in black and white (called role description) after integrating the diverse viewpoints expressed by various role partners. Copyright © 2010.  Finally. subordinate.